The surrender of Japan in world war II
After the defeat of France in June 1940, Nazi Germany, the main retargeting efforts on preparations for war against the USSR decided to strengthen military-political cooperation with its major allies, Italy and Japan, and engage in aggressive block new countries – primarily European States, which border with the Soviet Union or located near it.
Essential Nazi leadership attached to their participation in the war against the Soviet Union and Japan. Longtime anti-Soviet ambitions of the Japanese militarists and the strategic position of this country allowed the German leadership to count on opening a second front in the far East. German diplomats were active in order to establish closer political and military ties with Japan. This was in line with the intentions of the Japanese ruling circles that nurtured his own expansionist plans against the Soviet Union and tried using the military successes of fascist States in Western Europe, to expand their holdings in East Asia and the Pacific.
On 27 September 1940 in the German capital was signed the tripartite Pact of Germany, Italy and Japan (axis Berlin – Rome – Tokyo).
The three powers agreed to delineate geographic areas: Japan has pledged to "recognize and respect the leadership of Germany and Italy in establishing a new order in Europe" (article 1), and Germany and Italy pledged to "recognize and respect the leadership of Japan in establishing a new order in great East Asian community" (article 2).
In September 1940 Japan occupied Northern French, and in July 1941 – southern Indochina.
December 7, 1941 surprise attack on the main naval base of the USA pearl Harbor, the airfields of the Philippines, other bases and airfields the US and UK in the Pacific, Japan launched in the region the war. She captured the strategic dominance on the sea and in the air. By mid-1942 was occupied by the Philippines, Indochina, Thailand, Burma, Malaya, and Indonesia and in the occupied territories installed a colonial regime. In response, a struggle against the invaders, with the result that Japan was forced to increase several times the power of the occupying forces.
In may 1942 in the battle of the coral sea, the U.S. Navy won the first victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942, the Japanese suffered a major defeat in the midway-Aleutian operations. By December 1942 the balance of forces in the Pacific has changed in favor of the allies, Japan had lost strategic initiative and passed to strategic defense. In the summer of 1943, the allies began the offensive.
The situation in the Pacific theater in January 1944 – August 1945 was characterized by a complete transition of the strategic initiative to the allies and their major amphibious operations to capture the Islands of the Pacific, active military operations in the China, Burma and other parts of Asia. In January – July, 1945, the allies liberated a number of areas of China and Burma. In the summer of the us air force has intensified air strikes on Japan