Experts told how to eat melons
RIA Novosti interviewed experts suggest there are melons in portions of 300 grams or as part of fruit salads not later than five hours prior to bedtime.
On Monday in Moscow began the work of melon stalls, this year will work 240 such points.
Head of the sector for examination of the state Inspectorate of Moscow on the quality of agricultural products, raw materials and food (Mosgik) Elena Pavlova told RIA Novosti that the watermelons brought from abroad, sold almost all year round, but the domestic melon season usually begins in August.
Pavlova added that watermelon, the texture of the flesh should be juicy, tender, without okislenii sweet taste. As for the melons, then Pavlova noted that the ripe fruits may have the bark of various colors and thickness, so the choice is to focus primarily on the distinct aroma. A ripe melon seeds should easily separate from the pulp.
"For long-term storage will fit melons that are only just ripe and have a slightly smoky tinge. Optimal storage conditions for melons to three or four degrees. Store cut melons in the refrigerator should not exceed 12 hours", - said the expert.
As reported by the specialist treatment of overweight and obesity Mayra Rau, bright red flesh of the watermelon contains a plant pigment lycopene, which has antioxidant activity. In addition, according to her, regular use of products containing lycopene, protects the skin from sunburn, which is very important in the summer.
"As part of your balanced varied diet, lycopene can act as protection against cancer and type II diabetes. The antioxidant activity of lycopene is also involved in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. The riper and redder the watermelon, the concentration of lycopene higher," she said.
In addition, watermelons are rich in amino acid citrulline, which helps in preventing the development of hypertension. Watermelon also contains vitamin C, beta-carotene, b vitamins, says Rau.
Sweet fragrant melon, according to Rau, contains vitamin C, folic acid, vitamin B6, vitamin K, rich in such minerals as potassium and magnesium. In addition, in melon, in addition to sugar, contain fiber, which slows the absorption of simple carbohydrates.
"Numerous studies show that regular consumption of fruits, whose number includes melon, reduce the risk of developing diabetes type II diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. And with the available diabetes no absolute contraindications to the use of melon, the main thing - eat it in moderation. If to include in the diet a little melon, it will bring much more benefit to the body than the potential harm from simple sugars in its composition," said the nutritionist.
Despite the usefulness of watermelons and melons in large quantities they should not be there.
How, in turn, noted dietician Sergei Oblozhko, by eating large quantities of watermelon can give the load on the kidneys and cause the abnormal heart rhythm.
"People together with watermelon get plenty of fluids, respectively, it can give an increased water load on the kidneys. In addition, in people with rhythm disorders, we must note that in melon and watermelon is high in potassium, watermelon can trigger disorders of rhythm", - he said.
According to Oblozhko, melons and watermelons are perfect for dessert, as 27 calories watermelon, and melon - 40. But because of their sweetness some people eat a lot at once, resulting in the stomach there are severity and colic.
Nutritionist advised to combine melons with fruits, salads and desserts.
In addition, you should think in advance about the time of eating watermelon, he said.
"Because the watermelon contains a lot of potassium, it has a strong diuretic effect. Need a watermelon to meet for five hours before bedtime, then it will be time enough for the development of the diuretic effect, and then often in the evening people eat watermelon, and then complain that all night run. It is better to eat a watermelon a day," said Oblozhko.
As for the melons, then, as noted by nutritionist Rau, the amount of carbohydrates in it is not higher than in sweet apples, pears, cherries and apricots.
"Limitations on the use of melons is probably related to the fact that people can eat in larger quantities than would eat other fruits, e.g. apples in the winter. That is, a large number of any fruit, eaten at one meal can increase the level of glucose in the blood that can cause bloating or irregular bowel movement. But if you eat fruit moderately, then these troubles can be avoided," she said.