The EU revealed the reasons for the imposition of sanctions against the Russians
The European Union decision to impose its first sanctions for cyber attacks explained the accusations against individuals and organizations, which the EU believes are involved in "malicious activity in cyberspace".
Previously, the European Council agreed on the introduction of restrictive measures (asset freeze and travel ban in the EU (prohibition to directly or indirectly provide funds to specified individuals and entities) in respect of the six individuals (four citizens of Russia and two in China) and three organizations (Russia, China, North Korea). In the sanctions list, as follows from the document, got, particular, Alexey Minin, Alexey Morenets, Evgeny Serebryakov Oleg Sotnikov, and also the Main center of special technologies of the Main intelligence Directorate of the General staff of the Russian Armed forces.
"Main center of special technologies... responsible for the cyber attacks occurring from outside the EU and had a significant impact and representing a threat for the EU and member States and third countries", – is spoken in the resolution published in the official journal of the EU.
In particular, the document says cyber attacks in June 2017, known as "NotPetya" and "EternalPetya" and cyber attacks against power system of Ukraine in the winter of 2015-2016. It is reported that these attacks had rendered the data in a number of companies in the EU, Europe and other countries around the world, "which in particular led to significant economic losses".
In addition, specified in the list of Russian citizens accused of illegal attempt to access a wi-fi network of the Organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons (OPCW) in the Hague in April 2018. It is argued that this attempt would violate not only network security, but also affect its organization investigation. However, as follows from the document, the secret services of the Netherlands failed to prevent this attack.
The government has repeatedly denied accusations from the West in cyber-attacks.
Mode cybermancy EU entered into force in may 2019 and still not used. Under this regime, restrictive measures may include the freezing of assets and bans on travel to EU countries. The imposition of sanctions requires the unanimous approval of all member countries.