The cooperation has been successful ITER project, said the EC
Fortress international cooperation, including with the participation of representatives of Russia, EU, China and the United States have been successful in the project on creation of thermonuclear experimental reactor ITER, said EU energy Commissioner Kadri Simson in a video message at the opening ceremony of the Assembly of the reactor.
"Today we celebrate more than just a technical milestone. I would like particularly to highlight three things. First, the power of international collaboration... I want to thank our partners from China, India, Japan, Korea, Russia and the United States for what they came all this way with the European Union. Without your participation and contribution we would not be here today," she said.
The President of France Emmanuel macron said on this occasion that the joint implementation of the major world powers of the ITER project shows how countries can transcend differences among themselves and unite for the common good.
Demonstration reactor ITER (ITER, International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor) is being built near the research center of Cadarache in the South of France together with the European Union, Russia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and the United States. This will be the first large-scale attempt to show the possibility of using fusion reaction for producing energy on an industrial scale. If successful, the ITER project will humanity be able to rely on the possession of an almost inexhaustible source of energy. It is planned that the start-up of the reactor and receiving its first plasma will take place in 2025.
In the ITER project involved a total of 35 countries, including 29 countries of the EU and Russia, USA, India, China, Japan, South Korea. United Europe, as the host country of the ITER contributes 45% of the construction cost of installation, other countries, including Russia – by 9%.
At the core of the ITER system is the tokamak (toroidal chamber with magnetic coils), developed in 1950-ies of the last century academician Igor Tamm and Andrei Sakharov. ITER is the next logical step in the development of research programmes in the field of controlled thermonuclear fusion (CTF), a necessary step in demonstrating the possibility of producing electricity based on thermonuclear fusion.