Putin described the ITER project as an example of international cooperation
The project of construction of the international thermonuclear experimental reactor ITER is a Prime example of effective and mutually beneficial multilateral cooperation, said the President of Russia Vladimir Putin in his greeting to the participants in France a ceremony to mark the commencement of works on assembling and installation of equipment of the reactor.
Welcome text via videoconference was read by Director General of Rosatom state Corporation Alexey Likhachev.
"ITER has become the largest international scientific-technical project, is a Prime example of effective and mutually beneficial multilateral cooperation," Putin said.
He recalled that Russia is one of the founding members of the initiative of the ITER project, which aims to make an important contribution to ensuring the energy security of mankind and plays an active role in the implementation of this project. At the core of the ITER project lies in Russia developed the concept of the tokamak unit, said the Russian leader.
Demonstration reactor ITER (ITER, International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor) is being built near the research center of Cadarache in the South of France together with the European Union, Russia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and the United States. This will be the first large-scale attempt to show the possibility of using fusion reaction for producing energy on an industrial scale. If successful, the ITER project will humanity be able to rely on the possession of an almost inexhaustible source of energy. It is planned that the start-up of the reactor and receiving its first plasma will take place in 2025.
In the ITER project involved a total of 35 countries, including 29 countries of the EU and Russia, USA, India, China, Japan, South Korea. United Europe, as the host country of the ITER contributes 45% of the construction cost of installation, other countries, including Russia – by 9%.
At the core of the ITER system is the tokamak (toroidal chamber with magnetic coils), developed in 1950-ies of the last century, the Soviet scientists - academicians Igor Tamm and Andrei Sakharov. ITER is the next logical step in the development of research programmes in the field of controlled thermonuclear fusion, a necessary step in demonstrating the possibility of producing electricity based on thermonuclear fusion. The initiative of the Association of international efforts to create a fusion experimental facility of the new generation belonged to the famous academician Evgeny Velikhov (now honorary President of the National research centre "Kurchatov Institute").
Russia not only became the founder of the idea of the ITER project, but also actively involved in the production of high-tech equipment for this fusion reactor. RF creates for ITER key components of the reactor complex and other high-tech equipment. Superconductors, the heating devices for fusion plasmas — the gyrotrons (they can be compared to a giant microwave ovens), elements of protection and diagnostics — more than 25 unique systems in the area of responsibility of Russian enterprises. For the implementation of the Russian obligations in the ITER project meets the state Corporation "Rosatom". As repeatedly stressed by the guide project, Russia carries out all work in a timely manner and in full.