In the United States challenged the decision by trump not take into account illegal immigrants in the districting
The authorities of several States, municipalities and human rights activists have filed a lawsuit trying to reverse the order of the President of the United States Donald trump, which requires not take into account illegal migrants while cutting electoral districts in the house of representatives.
The order was released Tuesday and is the next step in the policy of the Republican trump to limit the political weight of immigrants without legal status in the United States. The decision of the administration may influence the composition of the house of representatives on the outcome of the next election in 2022 (the next elections will be held in November). Currently, the majority in the house are Democrats.
A lawsuit demanding to annul the decree of the President of the court of Washington filed a human rights group "Partnership for the development of new Americans," as well as the authorities of the cities of Atlanta and Paterson and a number of individuals. Later, a similar lawsuit in court in Manhattan was filed by a coalition of 35 representatives of the States of new York, Illinois, Michigan, new Jersey, Pennsylvania, cities in new York, San Francisco, Philadelphia, Chicago, and others.
The main claim of the plaintiffs is that, in their opinion, the decision is contrary to trump the U.S. Constitution, which States that seats in the house of representatives are distributed among the States in accordance with the "total number of persons in each state", without specifying what status are these persons on the territory of the United States. The authors claim indicate that this practice operated in the United States since the founding of the electoral system of the country and when cutting of election districts were taken into account all residents, regardless of whether voters or not.
Thus, the plaintiffs challenged a provision of the order of trump, which explains that in the US Constitution there is no specific definition of who should be considered when the distribution of constituencies of the Congress. Prescribed only to consider "all persons in every state, eliminating not taxable Indians". The administration reminds that tourists and temporary visitors to USA, and diplomats are not counted as population of States in the census. It is assumed that illegal migrants can also fall into this category by the decision of the Executive.
In the United States every 10 years the census is conducted. According to the results of the next census of 2020 should be clarified the boundaries of 438 electoral districts of the Congress that all deputies represented a relatively equal share of the American population. To this rule there are exceptions, for example in the state must be at least one member of the house of representatives, regardless of population size.
Supporters of the cuts districts by only taking into account voters say that all votes should have equal weight — but this will not happen, if you calculate large masses of illegal immigrants in some States. Opponents of this policy say that the cutting of electoral districts affects social security, infrastructure, schools, utilities for all County residents.
In addition, trump's opponents suspect him of intention to strengthen thus the representation in Congress of his own Republican party. It is no secret that many illegal migrants are concentrated in States that traditionally vote for Democrats. In addition, members of the families of such migrants having the right to vote also are more likely to support Democrats in the elections.