"All cashing in on the Mac". Who is behind the drug trafficking from Afghanistan
In the United States hyping the campaign about Russia's collusion with the Taliban. Calls Donald trump to stop accusing Moscow does not act. Congress called for sanctions and rebukes the President for inaction. In response, the Russian foreign Ministry recalled that the Americans involved in the Afghan drug trafficking. Why this problem can not be solved for many years, understood to RIA Novosti.
"These countless kickbacks from the projects that were there, part of the same wonderful American intelligence that our accused of something in the drug trafficking. They have planes from Kandahar from Bagram fly without checking in anywhere — in Germany, Romania," resented the special representative of Russia on the Afghan settlement Zamir Kabulov, the TV channel "Russia 1". In the White house and the state Department has not commented on the statements of the Russian diplomat.
But a few days before that, the newspaper The New York Times reported the possible financing of the Moscow Taliban.
Not only Russia — all of Afghanistan's neighbours in South and Central Asia, sounding the alarm. Drug trafficking is growing every year.
According to the UN office on drugs and crime (UNODC), in 2019 in Afghanistan have produced 6.7 tons of opium — 21% more than in 2018. And this is the record of the decade.
US military operation in Afghanistan launched in response to the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, removed the Taliban from power. However, the drug problem is not solved. On the contrary, the opium has expanded.
If before the invasion of the West, there were about two thousand hectares of poppy fields, now thirty. Hamid Karzai's government tried to kill with drugs, but to no avail.
When in the mid-nineties, the Taliban took power, Afghanistan was put on the world market and 70 percent of opium. By 2000, the Mac took almost all the fields. Unlike other crops, it does not require special care. And it costs ten times more than fruits, vegetables or wheat.
American intelligence agencies knew the routes by which Afghan opiates fell on the world market, but looked at it through his fingers. Much more Washington was interested in the construction of a gas pipeline from Turkmenistan to Pakistan. The pipe had to pass through Afghanistan, but there was a war between warlords.
The Taliban presented the cooperation with Western investors as a recognition of their legitimacy. The Americans left the project, they promised to restore order in the country.
In 1999, the Taliban issued a decree to reduce poppy acreage by a third. Bans explained by the fact that drugs are UN-Islamic. Disobeyed were threatened with arrest and torture. And even bribes did not help.
As a result, according to UNODC, poppy crops decreased from 83 thousand acres to two thousand. Drug trafficking was falling, but the country was intensified by discontent with the Taliban.
During the first year of the reign of Hamid Karzai's poppy fields expanded to 30 hectares. Afghanistan has again become the largest producer of drugs.
In the chaos, the civil war continued. In fact, Karzai controlled only Kabul and in the regions, the power was in the hands of warlords.
Americans, Afghan drug trafficking is still not very worried. All the power they left to fight with Islamic radicals, and the warlords — behind the scenes the curators of poppy plantations — saw rather accomplices. At their request, Washington has allocated funds for the rehabilitation of irrigation. The new system of water allocation is used for watering the Mac. Thus, the United States, without realizing it, helped to expand the acreage of the drug.
In addition, in the first years after the overthrow of the Taliban in the country received up to 250 thousand tons of wheat as humanitarian aid. It is deprived of the incentives to grow wheat.
One hectare of wheat brought $ 220 per year, and poppy — four thousand. It is ten times more than the earnings of doctors, teachers, policemen.
Afghan authorities have repeatedly stated that to solve the problem of drug trafficking will not succeed as long as Americans do not stop to cash in on it. And pointed to the routes of transportation of drugs.
So, the major part of goods imported to Europe from the Persian Gulf and India. But first opium enters Pakistan. In Kabul wondered why Washington is unable to put pressure on Pakistani security forces and stop the export of drugs from the country.
A lot of questions is how does the opium get from Europe to America. Most drugs trafficked by air. And military airports in Afghanistan to control the US. Local authorities believe that without the consent of Washington to take such a burden is impossible. But the evidence they have.
"Rumors of US involvement in the smuggling of Afghan opiates go for ten years. However, not intercepted any aircraft associated with the Americans that was taking drugs would have been to the Balkans, to Turkey or Europe. Therefore, the statements of Russian diplomats about the relationship of Washington with drug trafficking — it is rather our revenge. After allegations Americans that GRU patron to the Taliban, it is important for Moscow to answer," explains RIA Novosti expert on Afghanistan, political scientist Andrei Serenko.
The expert does not exclude participation in drug trafficking and external forces. But the US role in it considers overvalued. Another thing — Pakistan and Iran.
"Factories for the production of heroin in Afghanistan are on the border with these countries. The precursors of Chinese origin. They go through Iran. It is illogical to blame only the Americans," says Serenko.
The Director of the center for modern Afghanistan studies Omar Nessar believes that today the United States does not consider drug trafficking as a direct threat.
"For some time, the Americans openly said that tough measures in the fight against drug trafficking will harm the Afghan economy. Moreover, the destruction of poppy fields will set the inhabitants of the country against the US and local authorities claimed they," — said the expert.
Nassar recognizes that the problem of Afghan drug trafficking is more acute in Europe than in America. However, the drug trade is an important source of financing for international terrorism. And to ignore this global threat and to shift the responsibility on others is unacceptable.