Scientists told how to saturate the body "longevity protein"
A diet based on buckwheat has a unique healing effect on the organism of mammals, believe the researchers of the Siberian Federal University (SFU). According to them, the use of buckwheat increases the level of the "longevity protein" SIRT1 and provides a number of other positive effects. The study is published in the Journal of Cereal Science.
Sirtuins as well — a large family of proteins involved in the formation of fat cells and glucose metabolism. Included in this family of protein SIRT1 is involved in many cellular processes, including regulating mechanisms of aging. According to scientists, high levels of SIRT1 slows aging and increases stress resistance of the organism.
As explained by scientists, the less calories we consume, the more "longevity protein" the body produces. Starvation starts the process of reparation — repair of cells, extending their life. However, experts FAS believe that from time to time be undernourished in the name of health is wrong.
As explained by scientists, SFU, buckwheat is rich in vegetable protein and amino acids that the human body uses to produce their own proteins. Additionally, the plant contains many vitamins of group B, contributing to the health of the nervous, circulatory and immune systems, as well as a significant amount of fiber that is responsible for the feeling of satiety.
"We are the first in the world have discovered the benefits of buckwheat as a source of SIRT1. This plant is a real "super". There are studies proving the effectiveness of grapes for extending the life of cells, but, unlike the buckwheat, it is not readily available in many regions of the world, and, secondly, it is not different dietary properties. It is difficult to imagine how many grapes have to be eaten to run the mechanisms of cellular recovery," — said the initiator of the study, associate Professor SFU Subhra Panda.
Experiments have shown that a food enriched with crushed kernels of buckwheat, provides a stable weight gain. The level of SIRT1 in the body of animals increased 30 times that, according to scientists, corresponds to the optimal output level of this protein.
"Caloric restriction of the diet of test rats resulted in a decrease in the total amount of protein in the blood by 19% in the stomach by 95% in the liver and kidneys by 35.2% and 27%, respectively. Similar can be observed in people who sit on a rigid diet, avoiding physical activity: the body suffers from a lack of protein – the main building material," said study co-author, bachelor of the Institute of fundamental biology and biotechnology, Siberian Federal University Maria Ryazanova.
SFU scientists noted that, unlike starvation, the consumption of buckwheat even in large quantities does not cause excessive production of SIRT1, and, therefore, will not lead to hazardous side-effect of this "overproduction" — oxidative stress.
The study was conducted by scientists at the Siberian Federal University in cooperation with specialists of the Krasnoyarsk state medical University named after Professor V. F. Voino-Yasenetsky, research Institute of medical problems of the North and Institute of Biophysics KSC of SB RAS FITS.