"Collapse is inevitable". Will strong the Europeans are weak
In the European Union for the next crisis, and very sharp. The pandemic has seriously undermined the economy, particularly had the already weak EU members. However, strong is not in a hurry to help discussions about the budget have stalled. Why the rich don't want to share, understood to RIA Novosti.
Summits the EU has always enliven the tranquil Brussels. Filled with hotels, blocked the Central streets, the crowds of reporters around the police, in the building of Europe, where he moved five years ago, the headquarters of the organization and where the meetings take place is not overcrowded.
But the coronavirus has made major adjustments to the regulations of the event. All wearing masks, no handshakes, no journalist — the press was not allowed.
In the allotted two days from 17 to 18 July summit did not meet. Had to sit for a third and fourth day. But in vain: contradictions and was not allowed.
The EU leaders did not manage to agree on a budget for years 2021-2027, including assistance in the recovery of victims of coronavirus countries. Talking about the amount of 1.82 trillion euros.
"Yesterday (Sunday. — Approx. ed.) at times it seemed that everything is bad, but I think overall we're making progress", — told reporters the Prime Minister of the Netherlands Martin Rutte. And warned: it is possible that the result is still not.
Did not differ optimism and German Chancellor Angela Merkel. Saturday of passion so tense that, together with Emmanuel Macron Frau left the building. The French leader, wrote to the media, threatened another move on Monday.
Europe is facing the prospect of the biggest recession since the end of world war II. According to forecasts, the EU economy will shrink this year to 8.3 percent. However, "buying four", as they call the Netherlands, Austria, Denmark and Sweden, against plans by Brussels to highlight the most affected by the pandemic countries 500 billion euros from the package of 750 billion Euro as grants.
You can't just give money, need loans for the funds to be spent purposefully, I'm sure the Quartet.
Moreover, the Prime Minister of the Netherlands mark Rutte demanded that needing to submit a plan to reform their economies. Italy and Spain took it with hostility. Eventually the talks came to a standstill on the first day of the summit.
Responsible "for the mess", as expressed by sources to Reuters, Rutte was appointed. The Italians and Spaniards long tooth on this policy, they call him "Mr. "no, No, no."
Critics point to: the Netherlands has a huge trade surplus compared to others, so reluctance to spend money not justified. In Amsterdam retort: well — being- the result of strict business ethics and is not a reason to share with those who have even the retirement age is lower.
Affected by the political situation: next year in March in the Netherlands — elections and the people's party for freedom and democracy Mark Rutte will have to compete for votes from eurosceptics.
"Ultimately, all EU members are responsible to the voters, and we see that European identity is not formed not formed, and in such a difficult situation is becoming a serious problem," — said in an interview with RIA Novosti, the acting Director of the Institute of scientific information on social Sciences of RAS Alexey Kuznetsov.
The quarantine has hit the economy, and naturally the question arose, who is going to pay. "The difficulty is that the EU multi-annual financial perspective, discussions on this topic constantly come to a standstill, although in the end reach a compromise," continues Kuznetsov. He recalled that the budget for 2014-2020 is also taken against the background of the crisis in the Euro zone.
"A disaster, of course, will not allow. We understand that the EU can always negotiate, paralysis will not, concludes the source. — The EU is fairly stable, but it comes in waves, and euroscepticism increased."
I bet, however, is not only material but also spiritual. "We must clearly say: if the agreement will block it won't be my fault, but the fault of the guy from the Netherlands, because he started it," said Sunday the Prime Minister of Hungary Viktor Orban. He accused the Dutch delegation to the imposition of liberal values in exchange for subsidies.
Hungary and Slovenia and Poland are dissatisfied with the political pressure from Brussels. The fact that Budapest and Warsaw regularly accused of violating ideological principles of the European Union.
The re-elected President of Poland Andrzej Duda, for example, allows himself to say that homosexuality is worse than communism. But his party "law and justice" tries to limit the independence of the courts.
Orban also criticized because of the March of the law on the governance of the country to bypass Parliament. He often gets from Brussels for authoritarian habits.
"It's not just about the internal Affairs of these countries, but also about their position on the initiatives of the European Union, — said Natalia Eremina, doctor of political Sciences, Professor of St. Petersburg state University. — The Visegrad group (Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary. — Approx. ed.) was not in favour of quotas for migrants, locked out of the decisions of Brussels. Refuses to allocations of financial support, does not comply with fiscal discipline".
At the same time Poland is one of the most subsidized in the European Union, and Hungary is heavily dependent on subsidies, the expert adds.
"There is still the concept of sovereignty: some countries put national interests over common European, and that's a barrier to integration. And Brussels have special mechanisms. You can prevent to participate in the meetings, but it is unlikely," — says Eremin.
She States that to deny money to the needy, the Brussels do not dare: it's finally divide the EU into economic groups. "The collapse is inevitable, but it is not dare to say. The situation can be compared to trying to evenly spread butter on a crumbling piece of bread will not work", — concludes the expert.
No doubt: sharp disputes in the European Union will once again cease. Crises are more and more eurosceptics are on the rise. Yet the real threats to the integrity of the EU in the near future no.