The EU is ready to contribute to the settlement of the crisis over Ethiopian dam
The European Union stands ready to assist African countries in resolving the crisis over under construction on the Nile Ethiopia the Renaissance dam, the commissioning of which can lead to scarcity of water resources in Egypt and Sudan, said on Sunday the EU high representative for foreign and security policy of Josep Borrell.
"I am ready to coordinate with my colleagues in the international community financial support, if the region is able to offer a predictable and coherent approach to the management of the waters of the river," wrote Borrell in his blog on the page of the foreign service of the EU.
He also said that the European Union was invited as an observer to the talks on the dam, under the chairmanship of South Africa. "As Chairman of the African Union, South African President Cyril of Ramaphosa took in their hands the initiative to accelerate efforts to find short-term solutions to fill the reservoir of the Renaissance dam and a long-term solution to this issue. A few days later he will hold a summit with the participation of leaders of interested States and I am very happy that the European Union was invited as an observer to these negotiations," said Borrell.
Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan in the first half of June resumed its suspended in February talks on Ethiopian dam on the Nile. Since the beginning of July, the dialogue was brokered by the African Union. On Monday, the foreign Minister of Egypt Sameh shoukry said that the next round of negotiations ended inconclusively. According to the head of the foreign Ministry of Egypt, the results of the negotiations will be submitted to the office of Chairperson of the African Union.
Earlier official representative of the Ministry of water resources of Egypt stated that the proposed Ethiopia in the negotiations, a draft agreement on hydroelectric power station "Revival" deprives downstream in the Nile Sudan and Egypt, "water rights, giving Ethiopia the sole right to use the resources of the river."
Egypt has also officially asked the UN Security Council to intervene in the negotiations on the construction of the dam to avoid unilateral steps on the part of Addis Ababa. Cairo said that he had taken such a step because of the "stalled" negotiations in relation to the position of Ethiopia and the lack of political will.
Ethiopia is implementing a large-scale project of the construction of the dam in 2012. Its launch, according to experts, will inevitably lead to water shortages in the Sudan and Egypt, located downstream. Since the beginning of the construction of the three countries have already held over a dozen meetings in order to resolve the water allocation issues and to start a new object, but differences remain.
According to local media, the construction of the dam, which is designed to become "the largest hydropower project in Africa", was completed by more than 74%. All the construction will be completed in 2023. In early March the Minister of foreign Affairs of Ethiopia to the Ged Andargachew stated that the filling of the dam will begin in July, and by the end of the month reservoir should contain 4.9 billion cubic meters of water, power generation will start in February-March 2021.