The expert assessed the situation around the "North stream – 2"
The uncertainty in the question of U.S. sanctions against involved in the project "Northern stream – 2" can lead to delays in completing it, but Germany is unlikely to affect the U.S. approach to this, expert said Middle East Institute in Washington, Rauf Mammadov.
"Any actions taken by companies related to the completion of the pipeline, after July 15, carrying them at risk. This means that all involved parties would be required to cease operations immediately and then decide what to do next. For example, the behavior of Allseas since the previous round of sanctions can be indicative from the point of view of the General approach to American actions. In any case, at the completion of the project will be further delays until will be some uncertainty on the issue of sanctions", - he told RIA Novosti.
Swiss Allseas after the introduction of a number of sanctions in December last year, almost immediately announced the suspension of the gas pipeline. According to Mammadova, a similar reaction can be expected because these companies are very vulnerable to sanctions being tied to the international financial system based on dollars.
"The current administration has shown itself as not priemlemaya any objections to the issue of her views and approaches to the topic of European energy security. She was also consistent in their actions aimed at reducing the EU's dependence on Russian gas. This question has repeatedly received bipartisan support, which rarely happened in American politics in recent years. So Germany will be very difficult to change the U.S. view of it in the short term," - said Mammadov.
He notes that the interests of both the USA and Germany agree to ensure the energy security of the EU, but the methods do not match. While energy security is extremely important in the overall picture of their transatlantic partnership.
"An active approach of the administration to trump on the "Nord stream – 2," together with bipartisan support in the us Congress led to the fact that Germany was adamantly opposed (US) and supports the project," he said.
However, the expert said, relations between Moscow and Berlin was not even the last few years. On the one hand, this contributed to the situation around Ukraine, with another – accusations of cyberattacks.
"In addition, the changing situation in the markets works into the hands of Washington and weakened the case of Berlin, such as the lack of alternative supply of cheap natural gas. The price of natural gas has fallen, the market has become more volatile. Current market conditions have weakened the argument about the indispensability of Russian gas to Europe," says Mammadov.
The US state Department on July 15 published new recommendations in the framework of the law on counteraction to Russia through sanctions, including the document "Nord stream 2" and the second line of the "Turkish stream", in which previously the law did not apply. This puts at risk American sanctions, investments and other actions associated with these Russian export gas pipelines.
The document actually suggests the opposite effect, i.e. to support the construction of these projects prior to the publication of a new approach, fully corresponding to the old, to result in sanctions should not. But any such activity from 15 July, if not aimed at curtailing the output of the project, may lead to consequences - this applies to those who provide construction and laying of pipes, including financial partners and operators-pipelayers.