The first "Ford" lumpy. Why supervises U.S. Navy remains not combat-ready
The American supervenes a new generation of "Gerald Ford" next problem — recently, the U.S. Navy announced the dismissal of the project by a number of senior professionals. The American media is associated with numerous shortcomings identified during the pilot operation of "floating airfield". The most expensive warship in history, worth nearly $ 13 billion is still not ready for service, although he entered the Navy in may 2017. Why "Gerald Ford" not so lucky — in the material RIA Novosti.
To develop the most powerful aircraft carrier began in the mid-1990s. Laid the ship in 2005. According to the plans of the Navy command, he had to change the first American nuclear aircraft carrier "enterprise", who had served since the early 1960s. Built almost ten years and launched in the fall of 2013. Displacement over 100 thousand tons, "Gerald Ford" — the world's largest surface combat ship.
On paper, the possibility of supereminence dramatic. When the 337-foot long, 78-foot width and 76-meter height travel speed — 30 knots (56 kilometers per hour). Such traction creates two nuclear reactors Bechtel A1B with a capacity of 700 megawatts each. Endurance is almost unlimited, just need to stock up on food once a day.
In the wing "Gerald Ford" nearly a hundred aircraft of various purposes, including the F/A-18E/F Super Hornet, F-35C, the aircraft electronic warfare EA-18G Growler airborne early warning E-2D Hawkeye, transport C-2 Greyhound. In addition, the carrier is designed for the basing and combat use of helicopters MH-60R/S and UAVs.
Although designers used many modern technologies and has achieved a high degree of automation of most processes that occur on Board, the crew of "Gerald Ford" still numerous — more than 4.5 thousand people.
The body as a whole as its predecessors — ships of the type "Nimitz". One of the notable differences is a relatively compact superstructure moved closer to the stern. The area of the flight deck increased, and its layout allows you to quickly move ammunition and planes. Know-how "Gerald Ford" electromagnetic catapults instead of steam. These devices smoothly dispersed planes and pilots have less overload.
Enter the carrier in the operation was going in 2016. However, Bloomberg reported that "Gerald Ford" failed the test of combat capability. Even before the first exit in the sea on Board found numerous faults, some can be resolved only by redesign. First of all, a bad show electromagnetic arresting gear — the developers have stated that they will be able without fail to take 1600 aircraft, but in practice turned out to be no more than 25. And electromagnetic catapult provided only four UPS instead of four thousand.
Also a Commission of the Pentagon were not satisfied with samoletami — found problems that can adversely affect the entire combat ship. The problem is not solved until now — of the 11 ski lifts are only a staff of two, which severely restricts combat readiness. Finally, during the preliminary testing, the experts identified problems in the future radar stations designed specifically for carriers of the new project.
However, on 8 April 2017 "Gerald Ford" went to sea, and on 31 may, the ship entered the US Navy. However, the difficulties did not end. During the voyage quite out support bearings of the propeller shafts. The ship returned to the port for fault took several months.
Further — more. In 2018, the sea trials go haywire powerplant. Said: "the Ship is experiencing difficulties with the transformation of the energy generated by its nuclear reactors, the rotation of the propellers". The aircraft carrier was towed to port for repair. After a year the power plant has broken down again — and "Gerald Ford" re stuck at the pier.
While many defects have been remedied, lifts and electromagnetic catapults constantly fail. A month ago refused the control system catapults. Takeoffs from the deck ceased for five days.
And most importantly, new-fangled catapult, as it turned out, not able to raise in the sky deck version of the fighter fifth generation F-35C — just not enough power.
And yet the government is prepared to Fund a programme of supereminence. According to Western experts, the lead ship of the series will reach full operational capability by 2022-mu. Built another aircraft carrier "John F. Kennedy". It launched in October last year, and the fleet needs to be 2024-mu. The Pentagon said earlier about the need for ten or twelve ships of this type to replace the "Nemici".
But not the fact that these plans come true. The defense Ministry is now arguing about whether the US such a large carrier fleet. The Secretary of defense mark Esper stated that it was interested in smaller-scale Navy. The new structure of the fleet in the near future will work on exercises and maneuvers, and finally approved this fall. According to the adopted concept, the number of aircraft carriers in the Navy will be reduced, but will increase the number of ships of less tonnage, in particular frigates.
This is probably due to the fact that large and heavy aircraft carriers — too easy target for modern anti-ship missiles of Russia and China. In service with the Russian Navy in 2022 will do the advanced hypersonic "Zircon". At the moment the rocket passes the test: will the order of ten test launches with different media. It is expected that the range will exceed the range carrier-based aircraft of the U.S. aircraft carriers, with a speed of about nine Mach numbers — makes the missile invulnerable to the ship's air defense. The American edition The National Interest recognized that "Zircon" is able to "blow a hole" in any floating airfield.