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Ashburn

The expert assessed the relations of India and China

India and China in the future will consider each other as strategic rivals in the South Asian region, according to Professor of MGIMO of the MFA of Russia and the HSE Sergey Lunev.

According to him, the current geopolitical realities play an important role for the region of South Asia.

"South Asia is gradually growing in importance in the foreign policy priorities of China. In the future, unfortunately, both countries (India and China) view each other as strategic rivals, despite the fact that they cooperate in various areas including global (issues)," - said Lunev during an online discussion organized by the Russian international Affairs Council (RIAC).

According to the expert, through Nepal, China may enter the territory of India and to cut off the North-East of the country from the rest of the state, while theoretically India can reach Tibet through Nepal, that "not too helpful".

As noted Lunev, Nepal is important for India policy, while China is more active in economic terms, on the Nepalese territory.

"I would like to add that currently Nepal is in a good position, maybe just to continue the policy of balancing between India and China, receiving a lot of preferences (from this)", - he added.

Between China and India has a long-standing territorial dispute about the ownership of the plot of the mountainous area in the North of Kashmir, and almost 60 thousand square kilometres in the North-Eastern state of Arunachal Pradesh. The line of actual control, replacing in this region the border between the countries is in the region of Ladakh. In the fall of 1962, the dispute escalated into a border war. In 1993 and 1996, China and India signed the agreement on maintaining peace in the disputed areas.

The aggravation of the situation in the region began in early may when a series of military conflicts between the two countries in the area of high-altitude lake Pangong TSO. Then India and China started strengthening its military presence in Ladakh at the line of actual control. A new round of tensions began after a fight the military of the two countries in the valley of Galvan in Ladakh on the evening of 15 June. According to the official new Delhi, in the incident from the Indian side killed 20 soldiers. Information on the numbers of killed and wounded on the Chinese side was not made public.

To normalize the situation, the commanders of forces of the two countries in Ladakh (the Indian commander of the 14th corps, General-Lieutenant Harinder Singh and commander of the South Xinjiang military district, major-General Liu Ling) and diplomats of India and China have held several rounds of negotiations. In early July, the special representatives on the boundary question - national security adviser of India Ajit Doval and Minister of foreign Affairs of China Wang Yi agreed as soon as possible to complete the process of breeding troops on the line of contact and continue to consult for the restoration of peace.