Expert RVIA: science refutes doubts about the veracity of the battle of the Neva
The expert of the Russian military historical society (RVIA) Nikita blizzards stated that modern history and archaeology easy to refute the doubts of foreign historians of the veracity of the battle of the Neva 15 July 1240, despite the fact that in the Scandinavian sources, no mention of the battle there.
Wednesday marks the 780 anniversary of the battle on the river Neva between the Novgorod army under the command of Novgorod Prince Alexander Yaroslavich and Swedish army. Later this battle was called the battle of the Neva. For generalship, boldness, and courage in the battle of the Neva, the people called the Prince Nevsky.
The historian said that the battle of the Neva was one of the most difficult periods of Russian history, when the invasion of the Mongol Batu Khan, ravaged and greatly weakened Russia.
According to experts, the Swedes coordinated with the Horde, this explains that the campaign they conducted in the summer of 1240, when the situation was most difficult, "but even in these conditions, Novgorod was ready for the enemy invasion."
"In July 1240 the Swedish fleet of about 100 ships with a 5‑thousand troops of the Swedes and their allies, the Norwegians, the Finns, and various Baltic tribes entered the Neva under the command of Prince Ulf FASI and Birger (at the time son-in-law of king Eric XI and the actual ruler of Sweden). At the Izhora army Birger landed and camped. Further movement prevented the rapid current of the Neva river and the rapids which can be overcome only with a fair wind on the sails and the oars," - said the historian.
He noted that the main plan was to capturing territory at the mouth of the Neva river and the city of Ladoga, Novgorod blocking access to the Baltic sea and to establish control over the Northern trade route "from the Varangians to the Greeks", so is called the water (sea and river) route from the Baltic sea through Eastern Europe to Byzantium. Pursued mainly for economic purposes, it was possible to take the duty and to dictate conditions to those who carry the cargo on the ships.
Expert RVIA said that on 15 July the Russian army with a strength of 1.5 thousand people under the cover of the forest undergrowth quietly came to the enemy's location and attacked him.
He noted that taken aback by the Swedes were completely demoralized and not able to give a fitting rebuff.
"Combatant Savva made their way to the center of their camp and cut the pillar that supported Michael's tent of the Swedish leader. The fall of the tent even more scared of the Swedes and inspired Russian warriors. Heroism in the battle showed Gavrila oleksich, Zbyslaw the Yakunovich, Jacob Polochanin, Ratmir, Sawa and others. In the melee, the Swedish army was annihilated, only a small part could go on the ships," said storms.
The historian stressed that in the midst of battle was Prince Alexander: he was ordered as commander and fought as a simple soldier.
"The Russian army has lost 20 soldiers, the Swedes gathered two ships of the dead, and it was only the noble warriors. The remaining soldiers, and there were a significant number of buried, in modern language, in mass graves. It was a significant victory, which for some time has cooled the ardor of conquest of the Swedes," said storms.
The historian said that the chronicle has included a phrase from a speech that he held in front of the brigade before the battle of the Neva: "Brothers, not in the power of God, but in truth," it became airborne and migrated from the mouth of Alexander Nevsky, the hero of a popular Russian films of the beginning of the two thousandth's - "Brother".