Is the world ready to fight for the fresh water and electricity
Foreign Minister Sameh shoukry said on the futility of negotiations with Ethiopia and Sudan to the patient for the three countries in question — construction on the Blue Nile dam "Rebirth".
Surprise it was not, as earlier Cairo officially asked the UN security Council with a complaint about "not positive" the position of Ethiopia and the request to intervene in the "stalled" negotiations.
Shoukry also expressed the hope that Addis Ababa "will fulfill the promise not to fill the reservoir of the HPP prior to the signing of the agreement" between the States concerned. The Ethiopian media reported that the process began on 8 July. However, the Minister of foreign Affairs of Ethiopia denied it.
So what is so special about the great Renaissance Dam of Ethiopia?
The official name in this case it reflects the essence.
Since 2011, the country is building on the right tributary of the Nile, the largest on the continent hydroelectric power plant. But it's not just grandiose and expensive (about $ 4.8 billion) project. "Revival" has become a kind of Ethiopian national idea, this is the main bet of the state for socio-economic breakthrough.
Stoelinga more than half of Ethiopia's population lives without electricity. This situation automatically condemns people to hopeless poverty from generation to generation and country to perpetual backwardness, putting an insurmountable obstacle to economic growth.
The launch of HPP (according to official data, currently holds 74% of the works) would not only cover the domestic needs of Ethiopia and will give a powerful impetus to socio-economic development, but will also allow exporting electricity to neighbors who are also very interested in this, because faced with similar difficulties.
However, this blissful picture is the reverse side: what's good for Ethiopia, faces serious challenges to States further North. The dam on the Blue Nile that feed the Nile may cause drought in the Egyptian and Sudanese territories, interruptions in the operation of the Aswan dam in Egypt and, as a consequence, impacts on the economy, the deterioration of life of the population and even famine.
And what such might be demonstrated by the "Arab spring" a decade ago.
The key causes of a color revolution in Egypt that toppled President Hosni Mubarak, was economic. The country being a major importer of grain, then seriously affected by the global food crisis that resulted in the end of zero, a sharp increase in prices that was exacerbated by the drought in 2010. Egypt has faced a wave of "bread riots", which in the spring of 2011 turned into mass political protests — with the known result.
In General, Egypt (and not he alone) is well aware of the hazards and the socio-economic and public-political — pose potential problems vital for the country's waterways.
However, in fairness it should be noted that the stiffness of the Egyptian position is due not only to concerns about Ethiopian dam, but the sovereign ambitions.
For almost a century, the country had a virtual monopoly on the Nile. In 1929, Cairo, formally emerged from under the British protectorate in 1922, concluded with the former metropolis agreement, affirming the "historical rights" of Egypt to the great river. In that time it allowed London to maintain control over the region.
At the end of the colonial period this led to the fact that no major project on the Nile river system could not be implemented without the consent of Cairo.
It is clear that it does not suit other countries in the region, particularly Ethiopia, whose territory produces up to 85 percent of the annual runoff of the river. But for a long time the status quo was indestructible.
Ironic that changed everything is still the same "Arab spring". Addis Ababa took advantage of the instability in Egypt, which in the early 2010s, it was not until a serious foreign proceedings, and launched the construction of hydroelectric power station without any coordination with the Egyptians.
Now the train has left: the "Greatness" came to the finish line, and the current political and diplomatic efforts of Cairo to replay the situation is like trying to put squeezed toothpaste back in the tube.
It is linked to this main concern, as events will develop further.
However, what is happening — a challenge not only for Ethiopia and Egypt. Their opposition is only one of the rise across the planet many conflicts over basic and fast becoming extremely scarce resources, without which it is impossible not development, but simply the physical survival of man.
History around the dam "Greatness" will eventually show whether there is a chance for a compromise resolution of such controversy or in the foreseeable future they will develop according to the formula "the winner takes it all".