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Scientists have found than today's teenagers differ from the Soviet

Russian scientists conducted a large-scale historical comparison of the psychological characteristics of contemporary adolescents and their peers who were teenagers in 1989. The results of the comparison, according to the authors, will help to better understand the contemporary high school students, and what this generation of teenagers is different from their parents ' generation when they were 15-16 years old. This is stated in the study of the Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of education (PI RAO), which is available to RIA Novosti.

Director PI RAO Paul Sergomanov explained that there is no separate theory of "X, Y, Z" generations. This is only part of the General theory of generations, which was created by William Strauss and Neil Howe in 1991 and reflected the history of generations in the United States since 1584. From the standpoint of strict science, this theory is rather a historical essay than a theoretical analysis of the problem of generations.

According to experts, generation X, Y, Z – the last in the chain, and their characteristics already present modern communication technologies as an integral part of the environment.

The scientist noted that in the theory of generations "X, Y, Z" there is no evidence of how people change – their cognitive abilities, emotions, values, self-esteem and level of claims.

"Today, people of absolutely different ages (20 years, 40 years, 60-year-old and even older) quickly acquire the same skills and habits to use search engines, chat in messengers, watch stream. Using a mobile phone anyone can instantly communicate with the right person. It all became ordinary part of everyday life, even very elderly people," – said the speaker.

Scientists believe that so generalized and superficial characteristics of generations X, Y, Z can not give representation about the real differences between the generations of people who grew up and formed in specific conditions of life of a particular country.

"The study is an attempt to compare and analyze two generations of Russian teenagers: children and their parents, the time interval between them does not exceed 30 years. It so happened that this teenagers different for our country, historical periods, and generation theory cannot answer the question about what exactly they differ from each other," said Paul Sergomanov.

Modern teenagers, according to the study, became more ambitious, and expect to achieve higher goals, higher valued and more self-respect.

The biggest difference between the Soviet and modern teenagers, according to scientists, manifested in the parameter responsible. Today, Teens prefer to pass it on to others.

"This shows not only their unwillingness to make important life decisions, but also that modern society and children are not required of personal responsibility, maximum protects them from self-reliance and independent action. In this sense, the modern teenagers are adequate to the society in which they grow, as well as the Soviet teenagers were adequate to the demands of its society", – explained the head of the laboratory of scientific bases of children's practical psychology PI RAO, Alla Andreeva.

According to experts, also seriously increased the motivation of personal desires, but desires for entourage was noticeably smaller.

"As for the Soviet teenagers, of course, the mass ideology of another socio-economic system to exert its influence: "first think about Motherland, then about yourself." Do not undertake to assess whether it is better or worse," commented Sergomanov.

Modern teenagers, according to the results of a study also prefer to live in the present "here and now".

The comparison of the results of modern research and data 80-ies also showed that Soviet schoolchildren were treated to school mostly with indifference, as "school boredom". The attitude of today's ninth-graders is more contradictory and emotionally rich.

However, despite this attitude to school, modern teenagers have become more inquisitive and active in cognitive activity.

"This is due to the modern social situation of development... the Growth requirements of professional competence formed in the public mind the idea that defining your place in life is in close connection with the level and quality of General and professional education, willingness to learn new knowledge and skills," explained Alla Andreeva.

Modern educational environment, according to scientists, responds to a requirement of time, providing a very broad range of professions, but not all of them are in actual demand in the labour market.

The study involved adolescents aged 15-16 years: 1974 and 2004 year of birth. The experts noted that the comparison of psychological characteristics was conducted with a difference in 30 years, in 1989, in 2019.

According to her, for mapping data were used the same methods or equivalent. The study involved adolescents from Moscow and its environs.

"To study psychological and social maturity of adolescents completing primary stage of school education, we chose the parameters of personal development, which reflect a measure of "maturity" of a person, his focus on a future independent life and his ideas about their desires and possibilities, his willingness to learn and improve," – said the expert.

To compare the teenagers, the scientists chose several psychological characteristics: self-esteem, level of responsibility, emotional attitude to learning, motivational preferences, self-perception of mental age, the Foundation and motivation of the choice of educational route and life in General, the overall level of claims personality.

Psychologists believe that understanding today's teenagers can help the Directors and teachers of schools, teachers, parents and children themselves to better understand themselves, learn to choose, to re-elect and start again