The US has rejected a number of territorial claims of China in the South China sea
The United States officially rejected a number of claims to China's territories in the South China sea, said Secretary of state Mike Pompeo.
"Today we are strengthening U.S. policy concerning the vital part of the region - the South China sea. We are clearly given to understand that Beijing claims to offshore resources in most parts of the South China sea is completely illegal, as well as his efforts to put them under control by threats," said Pompeo.
According to him, Beijing has not offered a legal justification of its policy, and the arbitration Tribunal in 2016, rejected the claim of the PRC.
Now, US policy will be formally correspond to the positions of arbitration, said Pompeo. In particular, he said that from the perspective of Washington, China has no legal basis for an exclusive economic zone around the Scarborough reef and Spratly Islands, which are disputed Philippines, as well as on the reef Mischief Bank and Thrift Thomas. In addition, the United States denied any of the rights of China to the water outside the 12-mile zone around the Spratly Islands. Moreover, the United States now deny the claim of Beijing to water, contested by Vietnam, Malaysia and Indonesia.
"Any action of the PRC that threaten fisheries or hydrocarbons development in other countries in these waters is illegal," he said.
In addition, Pompeo announced the unlawful claim of China to the Bank James - underwater formation 50 miles from Malaysia and 1 thousand miles from the coast of China. "The world will not allow China to manage the South China sea as its Maritime Empire. America supports our allies and partners in Southeast Asia in protecting their sovereign rights over offshore resources," said Pompeo.
China and several countries in the region - Japan, Vietnam and the Philippines - has disputes on Maritime borders and responsibility areas in the South China and East China seas. China believes that the Philippines and Vietnam are knowingly using the United States ' support for the escalation of tensions in the region.
The permanent court of arbitration in the Hague in July 2016, according to the suit ruled that China has no basis for territorial claims in the South China sea. The court decided that the disputed territory of the Spratly archipelago (Nansha) Islands are not and exclusive economic zone do not form. China did not recognize the arbitration decision.