A corridor of war. Why Moscow's proposal on Syria angered Washington
"Battle of the resolutions" on Syria in the UN Security Council ended. Moscow and Beijing vetoed a draft Western countries allowed to use for humanitarian aid outside the control of Damascus, the border crossings, the Russian variants were rejected by a majority of votes. In the end we adopted a compromise document. Who won the diplomatic victory, understood to RIA Novosti.
Discussion began on 8 July, when Moscow and Beijing vetoed a draft submitted by the delegations of Germany and Belgium providing for the delivery of humanitarian aid through the checkpoints "Bab-es-Salam and Bab-El-Hawa".
U.S. Secretary of state Mike Pompeo then said that Moscow and Beijing's abuse of the veto, and descended on Damascus. "Assad, Russia and China are deprived of Syrians food and medicine, worsening the already dire situation on the ground", — was indignant official.
It will not remain without consequences, he warned. "In vain, Russia and China are counting on the fact that they get away with it", — concluded Pompeo.
"To insist on one checkpoint cynical a disregard for the interests of ordinary people" — echoed on condition of anonymity, the diplomat of some European countries in the comments of the Qatari channel "al Jazeera".
For his part, the Ambassador Vassily Nebenzia explained in detail why on Smolensk square rejected the German-Belgian version. He recalled that cross-border assistance was conceived as a "temporary emergency measure that the Security Council has endorsed, to provide humanitarian support to the conflict-ridden country." "The time has come to gradually phase out the mechanism to replace it compostable to be carried out in accordance with the principles outlined in General Assembly resolution 46/182 the UN", — stated on the website of the representative of Russia.
This resolution meant that the humanitarian aid will come under the control of the state. It is quite logical: as the army has restored the power of Damascus in the Arab country, emergency measures are still valid.
Nebenzia said that Russia has presented the project. In this mechanism of humanitarian aid remained for another six months, the supply — through "Bab-El-Hawa".
But on 9 July, the security Council rejected the document. The next day, same thing: Beijing and Moscow vetoed a Western, and the Russian has not received approval on the ballot. Finally, on 12 July, the fifth attempt, the security Council adopted a resolution extending cross-border supply through "Bab-El-Hawa" for the year.
The concern of Moscow, Beijing and Damascus due to the fact that across the Northern border of the country provide all the necessary militants fighting against the government.
Razan the head of the Kurdish-Syrian public figure of Afrin, is sceptical about the idea of using supply beyond the control of the Damascus area. "In my opinion, for some countries, the issue of crossing borders is so important, because they want to give legitimacy at the international level for its armed forces under the guise of units, ensuring the safety of humanitarian aid," he says.
"I'm talking about the Turkish-Syrian border, which in 2011 was open to terrorist operatives, go through it arms and ammunition", — says the head. He believes that those who really want to alleviate the plight of the Syrian people should "remove all terrorists and close the border to weapons, to work to return every Syrian home, to support the internal political dialogue".
In early July, RIA Novosti reported that refugees from different provinces of Syria living in camps in the North of the country, are starving. In conversation with the correspondent of the Agency they noted that opposition fighters cut them off from sources of drinking water, do not let humanitarian aid. Received food, armed men are selling at exorbitant prices.
"Millions of Syrians are in need, says international journalist Abbas Juma. And Moscow like nobody is interested in helping to stop the war. After all, Russia is fighting not with smoke but with fire. How to stop the war, if the rebels provide arms and money?"
According to him, the opposition supply through the border crossings, the closure of which Moscow insists. "Functioning outside the control of Damascus points to support forces that are not interested in stabilizing the situation in Syria," — said Juma.
"Russia intends to extinguish the flames of war in the middle East, he repeats. So it is important to deprive the base of those who exacerbate the conflict."
Russian orientalist Constantine Truevtsev explains that we are talking about humanitarian corridors in the war zone. "If you want to help Syria, you can do it directly, a significant portion of the border have been controlled by the state, not the terrorists and the military of other countries. The question arises: whom to support — the population or armed groups?" he said.
Often fighters intercepted the humanitarian aid and gave her or sold at exorbitant prices, adds Truevtsev. "Western colleagues assert that the regime in Syria is corrupt, Damascus cannot be trusted. No one denies that abuse can be everywhere, but in General, when aid is distributed through state channels, in the presence of our military police, transparency above. The transparency is high and the area of the joint Russian-Turkish patrol. What we can say with the so-called opposition, when there are several groups fighting over who will be engaged in the looting?" — asks the orientalist.
Deputy Director of the Centre for comprehensive European and international studies, faculty of world economy and world politics, higher school of Economics Dmitry Suslov recalled that "the Syrian war began, and was carried out with support from abroad, which could wear only cross-border nature". "Russia has two main arguments. Political — humanitarian aid without Damascus's control undermines the legitimacy of the Syrian government. Many Western countries do not recognize the Assad regime, although he regained control over 90 percent of the country. But Moscow is interested to work with him".
The fifth draft resolution, according to experts, compromise "with a significant share of the positions of Russia and China." Moscow and Beijing won in the main: there was one transition instead of two. However, there is no interaction with Damascus, has not withdrawn the unilateral sanctions against Syria. In General, the security Council realized the most realistic option for all parties.
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