°
Newark

A descendant of the victims of the Volyn massacre urged not to make on this policy

A resident of Warsaw Shimon Kosikowski every year comes in Volyns'kyi square of the Polish capital. Here, the monument to the victims of the Volyn massacre is engraved the name of the village Gurov, whose population almost completely destroyed the Ukrainian nationalists in the summer of 1943. There were killed the father of her unborn Shimon.

Ancestors of Simon Moscovskogo were simple peasants, and almost never left his native village Gurov. "My father and mother worked all her life in the field, like their ancestors, cared for the cattle. They are absolutely not involved in politics, and I'm sure, had nothing against the Ukrainians," - said the Agency interlocutor.

"When the village was attacked by Ukrainian nationalists mother was pregnant with me. She survived by a miracle, hiding in the field. My father died, all his brothers, almost all the relatives," he says.

Much later it became known that the Ukrainian nationalists killed more than 400 people Gurov. Managed to survive only a few dozen.

Sir Simon still does not understand what killed his father. "I did not understand, what is wrong is that my father was Polish. I can't believe that only this was enough to deprive a person of life," he said.

"In the days of the NDP on this subject it was impossible to touch. Maybe it was partly right. At least national issues do not arise," added Kosikowski.

Mr. Shimon resents the fact that the Volyn tragedy often becomes the subject of contemporary political battles.

"The most disgusting thing you can do is use the theme of the Volyn massacre to improve their political rating. Alas, some Ukrainian and Polish politicians are unable to give it up and dance on the bones", he said.

"It is not repeated, we all must repent, pray, try never to raise a national issue and prevent recurrence," - said the Agency interlocutor.

The culmination of the events of 1943, which is called Volyn massacre, is considered to be July 11 — the day of Ukrainian nationalists simultaneously attacked about 150 Polish villages. Polish historians regard the Volyn massacre as genocide and ethnic cleansing and declare the death, according to various estimates, from 100 to 130 thousand people.

The question of interpretation of the Volyn massacre, as well as relations to the leaders of the Ukrainian nationalists of the times of OUN-UPA* ("Organization of Ukrainian nationalists" and the military wing UPA*) is one of the most difficult issues in relations between Poland and Ukraine.

In the summer of 2016, the lower house of the Polish Parliament adopted a resolution on the recognition of 11 July as the National day of remembrance of the victims of the genocide committed by Ukrainian nationalists against the inhabitants of the II Polish Republic in the years 1943-1945. According to the version of the Polish side, the mass killings took place in 1939-1945 supporters of the OUN-UPA* against the Polish population of Volhynia, Eastern Galicia and South-Eastern voivodeships of the second Polish Republic.

Ukrainian researchers believe these events are the consequences of the war of the Polish home Army against the UPA* in which he participated and the civilian population of the region. Their losses of the Ukrainian side is estimated in 10-20 thousand people.

The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted a statement condemning the decision of the Polish Sejm on the recognition of the Volyn massacre as genocide. Ukrainian MPs believe that the decision "jeopardized the political and diplomatic developments of the two countries".

* Banned in Russia as extremist organization.