The state Department is told when it can be concluded the new start Treaty

The new Treaty on the limitation of strategic offensive arms (start) between the US, Russia and perhaps China may be concluded not earlier than in 5-10 years, says former assistant Secretary of state Frank rose.

Earlier this week, the Chinese foreign Ministry said that the country is ready to join trilateral talks on disarmament with the United States and Russia, but only if the US agrees to reduce its nuclear Arsenal to China's level. In response, the U.S. state Department said they welcomed the willingness of China to negotiate and invited the Chinese delegation for consultations with the Russian Federation in Vienna on this issue.

In Beijing it is reminded that against tripartite talks. There urged the United States to extend the start Treaty with Russia and to reduce its considerable nuclear Arsenal to "create the conditions for the participation of other nuclear-weapon States in negotiations on nuclear disarmament."

"I'm not one of those people who say that following the extension start magically overnight, you will see a new structure (the agreement – ed.). We'll be lucky if we can get something in five or ten years. It's very, very difficult, and it requires seriousness (in achieving) goals and flexibility, and I'm not sure now whether they (the negotiators)", said rose in an interview with RIA Novosti.

Like several other former officials of the administration of President Barack Obama's rose is sure that the extension for another 5 years concluded in 2010 new start Treaty is vital to developing a new agreement that would take into account new realities, primarily the China factor.

"This is a turning point.... But there are many difficult decisions that need to be taken. There are lots of problems with validation (execution of contracts), especially when you start talking about validation of non-strategic nuclear potential. This missile defense issue. As you know, both Russia and China demanded certain limits on future U.S. missile defense. And American administrations from both parties refused to accept any restrictions on the capabilities of our missile defense", - the expert reminded.

In his opinion, the integration of China in the new contract will be "the most complex that has ever been made in the field of arms control".

Rose also commented on the words of foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, who stated that, "apparently, the decision not to renew the Treaty (start-3) in the US has already taken."

"I hope they extend the contract, because it is in the interests of the United States and our allies, but it is unclear. As you know, the President raised a number of questions about the start Treaty and why they can't extend the current contract. I think it's possible (failure to renew – ed.). But then again, from what I've seen in public statements and conversations with administration officials trump the decision on contract renewal is still pending," - said the expert.

The contract on reduction of strategic offensive arms (start-3) signed on in 2010, remains the only current agreement between Russia and the USA on the limitation of armaments. The agreement expires in February 2021, while Washington has not announced any plans to renew it. The US administration at different levels emphasizes the need for the inclusion of China in the negotiation of a new trilateral nuclear agreement between Russia, China and the United States. In Beijing, this idea is rejected. The Russian foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that Russia supports the extension of the contract about SNV-3 without preconditions.