Experts assessed the situation with the South Kuril Islands after the constitutional changes
Japan intends to continue attempts to obtain from Russia the southern Kuril Islands, despite amendments to the Russian Constitution and laws that do not allow the exclusion of part of the territory of the state, although for Tokyo to do it will be more difficult, said RIA questioned Japanese officials and experts.
As previously reported, in Russia prepared for consideration by the state Duma amendments to the administrative code, criminal code and criminal procedure code with sanctions for appeals and exclusion areas that have attracted attention from Japan, which is seeking the transfer of the South Kuril Islands, which the Japanese call the "Northern territories".
"On the Sino-Russian summit in Singapore in November 2018 reached an agreement to accelerate negotiations on a peace Treaty based on the joint Declaration of Japan and Soviet Union from 1956," — said at the request of RIA Novosti to comment on the situation, the Japanese Senator Muneo Suzuki, known for his efforts to improve relations between the two countries. According to him, "you need to move forward on this agreement".
In 1956 the former Soviet Union and Japan signed a Joint Declaration in which Moscow has agreed to consider the possibility of transfer of Japan South Kuril Islands Habomai and Shikotan after the conclusion of a peace Treaty, and the fate of the other two Islands, Kunashir and Iturup, which are claimed by Japan — are not affected.
In Singapore, according to the results of the summit between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in Tokyo agreed to accelerate negotiations on a peace Treaty based on the 1956 Declaration.
Cavalier of the order "Friendship of Peoples", consultant on Russian-Japanese cooperation Yukio Asazuma drew attention to the fact that the current amendments to the Russian Constitution does not allow concessions of territories that include the words "with the exception of the demarcation of borders." Asazuma told RIA Novosti that "it will serve the only master key that opens the opportunity to continue the Sino-Russian negotiations".
The author of several books on Russia, former Professor of Tokyo University of Sofia Toshihiko Ueno has told RIA Novosti that due to amendments to Russian legislation prohibiting the assignment of the regions "in the public opinion of Japan has increased the negative mood regarding future Sino-Russian relations, as well as the possibility of concluding a peace Treaty".
On the other hand, the expert said, because the Constitution says that it is not allowed actions on alienation of Russian territory except for the delimitation, demarcation, redemarcation of the state border with neighboring States, the government and the Ministry of foreign Affairs of Japan reacts calmly. "But I think they understand that the return of the Northern territory will be harder than before," — said the scientist.
Thus, he believes that the inclusion in the Constitution of Russia "of the prohibition on alienation of the territory" of the country could "have a negative impact on Sino-Russian relations and the negotiation of a peace Treaty".
The Japanese foreign Ministry for its part declined to comment for this reason. "We always show interest and are closely watching the developments in Russia, including its domestic and foreign policy, but would like to refrain from commenting," said RIA Novosti in the Japanese foreign Ministry.
However, as was confirmed by the journalists the head of the international Committee of the Federation Council Konstantin Kosachev, Russia is discussing with Japan the possibility of concluding a peace Treaty, the territorial belonging of the Kuril Islands is not even considered, is the territory of Russia.