"He will conquer the ocean": a ship of the Russian Navy alone will keep the NATO fleet
Nuclear propulsion, hypersonic weapons, advanced missile and torpedo weapons — which have no analogues in the world of heavy nuclear missile cruiser "Admiral Nakhimov" in 2022 will give the Navy after extensive modernization. In fact, the Northern fleet will get a new vehicle with much greater capabilities than its predecessors. About the features and combat capabilities of "Nakhimov" — in the material RIA Novosti.
Heavy nuclear missile cruiser "Admiral Nakhimov" is now in dry dock, Sevmash in Severodvinsk. The cruiser was on repair in 1999, having served in the Navy for about fifteen years.
It is expected that the ship will be released to the factory tests already this year. The defense Ministry said that after the upgrade will be, in fact, the new ship will dramatically upgrade the life support system, radio equipment and the ship energy. But the main thing — on the cruiser will replace the outdated missile and artillery weapons to the most modern designs.
For various reasons the date of delivery of the ship several times "shifted right". Largely due to the fact that the modernization plans were complemented in the course of work. In particular, a few years ago decided to equip the cruiser advanced hypersonic complex "Zircon", which required additional effort and, consequently, the extension of terms of repair.
That the "Admiral Nakhimov", one of the first ships of the Russian Navy will receive hypersonic missiles, announced in early may, the Deputy defence Minister of Russia Alexei Krivoruchko. According to him, the cruiser will be the most powerful fighting unit in the Navy, with modern high-precision long-range weapons.
So, missiles "Zircon" rush to the goal nine times faster than sound. This makes them impervious to any air defense system is to intercept the "Zircon" is almost impossible. Ammunition is flying at a height of several tens of kilometers at a distance of a thousand kilometers. At the same time constantly changes the trajectory and maneuvering. The warhead is relatively small — two hundred pounds. But, given the high speed and enormous kinetic energy, this is enough to destroy a major surface ship.
According to military experts, the complex "Zircon" several times increase combat capabilities not only of the cruiser "Admiral Nakhimov", but also the entire fleet.
"The ship is waiting, because those missile cruisers, which now is, "Peter the Great" and the Marshal Ustinov", need to be strengthened. And if the "Admiral Nakhimov" will be armed with the "Zircon", it will make his ship a special geopolitical importance", — said earlier RIA Novosti Chairman of the Russian movement of support fleet captain 1st rank Mikhail Nenashev.
Before the renovation, "the main caliber" of the cruiser was two dozen anti-ship missiles P-700 "Granit", which beat 600 kilometers. These missiles have adopted in the early 1980s, and created them specifically to deal with aircraft carriers.
From attacks from the air, "Admiral Nakhimov" was covered by anti-aircraft missile systems s-300F "Fort" and "OSA-M", destroying all types of air targets at distances from five meters up to 150 kilometers.
Updated "Admiral Nakhimov" will get up to 80 missiles of various types, placed in universal launchers. The missiles "Caliber" of various modifications and supersonic anti-ship "Onyx". "Caliber" is striking ground targets at a distance of about two and a half thousand kilometers, and "Onyx" designed to destroy much larger ships.
The coverage will provide defense complexes "Fort-M" and "Pantsir-M". Long-distance lines at distances up to four hundred kilometers will cover the latest system of air defense missile vertical launch complex "Polyment-Redoubt".
In addition, there is a powerful anti-submarine armament. For example, prospective set of "Response" that destroys the submarines of the enemy at a distance of a few tens of kilometers. A small torpedo in the head part of the munition "Answer" is separated from the carrier after being hit in a given area and is looking for a submarine independently. The probability of hitting the target is closer to 90 percent.
Small defense complex "Package-NK" intended to fight submarines and enemy torpedoes. Induced on the target's own sonar in automatic mode. System klassificeret attacking torpedoes, defines the parameters of their movement. A valid "Package-NK" in the near zone defense ship up to ten kilometers.
Ex-Northern fleet commander Admiral Vyacheslav Popov said in an interview with RIA Novosti that the Russian Navy will receive the most modern ship in terms of a strike weapons, radio equipment and air defense.
"In the Soviet and the new Russian time the ships of the project 1144 had and will have enormous significance for the Navy — said the Admiral. — Cruisers are designed to solve tasks in a distant ocean zone. Today, military strategy is based on the opportunities first of all strike weapons, airstrikes strike from long distances. If earlier in the foreground was a struggle directly with rockets, but now it is more important to counter their media."
Mikhail Nenashev added that Russia needs at least four class ship "Nakhimov". "The Americans are building a drum pendants are very fast — by 2030 they want to build about a hundred missile destroyers "Arleigh Burke". "Nakhimov" will close one of the gaps. And it's not some kind of expansion, we only restore parity," he said.
According to experts, the ability to update the cruiser will allow Russia to defend against the growing aggression of the United States, when Americans go out of treaties on arms limitation.
"With new missile systems, the cruiser is able not only to destroy ground and sea targets, but also to shoot down missiles and satellites that threaten from space, — said Nenashev. — "Nakhimov" will effectively cover the country from ocean areas. He's ready to heat a large surface targets over a thousand kilometers — only one ship will change the strategic situation in any region of the world. This is very important in terms of a new arms race, unleashed the United States."
RIA Novosti interviewed experts agreed that the "Admiral Nakhimov" will make the Russian fleet more balanced. With the commissioning of the cruiser of the Russian Navy will be able to solve any tasks in the interests of national security.
Recall that the heavy nuclear missile cruisers project 1144 "Orlan" began to develop in the USSR of the 1960s. the lead ship was laid in 1973, and handed over to the Navy in 1980. Built four of the pennant. "Eagle" is the only surface ships with nuclear power plant in the Russian Navy. They are considered the largest naval battle platforms in the world — most of them only carriers.
In the ranks today, only the cruiser "Peter the Great". He will also go for upgrades after completion of the work on the "Admiral Nakhimov". The other two ships — "Admiral Ushakov" and "Admiral Lazarev" — most likely, disposed of.