"Kill any target in Russia": what new weapons developed in the United States
Long-range, accurate, powerful — the fall of the American group Northrop Grumman will receive from the military budget of the country the first tranche of $ 85 billion allocated for the creation of new Intercontinental ballistic missiles. It is expected that by the middle 30's, this weapon will completely replace all 450 ICBM silo-based Minuteman III force strategic deterrence of the United States. About what is known about promising rocket — in the material RIA Novosti.
The competition for the new silo-based ICBMs in the US announced in 2016. For the order decided to fight two industrial giants, such as Boeing and Northrop Grumman. In 2017, the company received money from the budget on the sketch plan 349 and 329 million dollars respectively.
In 2019, the concern Northrop Grumman has made a shrewd move: acquired Orbital OTK, which supplied Boeing solid rocket engine. In the result, the aerospace Corporation lost their chances of success and abandoned the contest. In December, Northrop Grumman, because of the lack of competitors, was declared the winner.
The new ICBMs assigned the designation GBSD (Ground based strategic deterrent — is a "Weapon of strategic deterrence ground-based"). Service life of advanced missiles was estimated at 50 years — it should go into service at the end of this decade and to remain in service until 2080 th. Information in open access about this weapon a little while. It is known that the weight and size characteristics of the MDBs will be approximately equal to the Minuteman III, so as to augment the silo are planned.
Respectively, will not change and place-based ICBMs. Now the Minuteman III deployed at three air force bases USA — Warren (Wyoming), Malmstrom (Montana) and Minot (North Dakota). On each — 150 missiles. According to the plans of the Pentagon's first ICBM project GBSD will be put on combat duty in 2027, and will completely replace the predecessors to 2036-mu.
The missile is three-stage, solid-propellant, with a range of not less than 15 thousand kilometers. High range will provide new mixed fuel. Of course, employs the most modern element base. The accuracy will be significantly improved due to the correction for the GPS signal.
Head part — with multiple warheads of individual guidance. On GBSD will establish a W87 thermonuclear warhead in the version 1 mod. In what quantities is unknown, however, the capacity of each is estimated at 475 kilotons. The first 300-kiloton W87 modifications were equipped with the heavy silo-based ICBMs LGM-118A Peacekeeper. They were adopted in 1986, and they stayed on duty until 2005, when the last of the missiles were disposed of under the terms of start II.
Now the only silo-based ICBMs in the U.S. nuclear Arsenal — LGM-30G Minuteman III, adopted in 1970, Although they have not once upgraded, this weapon yesterday. Further maintenance and improvement of these missiles is not economically feasible.
"The extension of the period of continued armed Minuteman III is less advantageous in cost than GBSD — said last spring, Lieutenant General U.S. air force Richard Clarke. — The ICBMs of this type will gradually become obsolete components such as the engine, guidance system and fuel. If these systems gradually fail, and the rocket will suffer the same fate. For upgrades it takes more and more money."
All 450 remaining in the ranks of the "Minutemen" is equipped with monoblock warhead capacity of 300 kilotons. The range of about 13 thousand kilometers. System to overcome the current 70-ies of the last century has not undergone significant changes and is actually limited to a set of chaff and several false targets.
Replacement of silo-based missiles at the Pentagon for a long time did not pay due attention, because in a hypothetical third world war the United States has always relied on ballistic missile submarines (SLBMs) and cruise strategic aircraft ammunition. So, the warheads deployed on SLBMs Trident II — regular armed nuclear submarines Ohio — accounts for more than half of the total Arsenal of nuclear deterrent forces of the United States.
And in Russia, land-based ICBMs have always been a major component of the nuclear triad — the most powerful and numerous. It is not surprising that the defense Ministry paid their modernization priority. Over the past decade, the strategic missile forces received several new missiles such as monoblock missile complexes "Topol-M" mobile and silo-based missiles, as well as their further development — ICBM RS-24 "YARS", adopted in 2009. They are able to carry four combat unit capacity of 300 to 500 kilotons and hit 12 thousand kilometers. Thus a modern means of overcoming missile defense systems.
However, the real breakthrough Russian defense industry complex RS-28 "Sarmat". These heavy missiles, will replace another Soviet R-36M2 "Voivod". Each can throw on the territory of a potential enemy more than ten warheads. Range, according to various estimates, from 16 to 18 thousand miles. In the perspective of MBR based on the principle of "orbital bombardment", i.e. "den" is ready to attack targets on U.S. soil, including a suborbital trajectory via the South pole to bypass the deployed missile defense systems.
The new missile will be in the Arsenal of the strategic missile forces much earlier than the advanced ICBM of Americans. According to Vice Prime Minister Yuri Borisov, will soon begin flight tests. As previously reported by Deputy defense Minister Alexei Krivoruchko, the first production missiles will go into service in 2021-m. Since December last year in Uzhurskaya connection strategic missile forces are preparing for the equipping of the "Sarmatians".