The foreign Ministry commented on the issue of concluding a peace Treaty with Japan
Russia did not agree with Japan on concluding a peace Treaty after resolving the territorial issue, said Russian foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov.
As the Minister said, the basis of everything that should determine the future relations between Russia and Japan lies the problem the outcome of the Second world war.
"Japanese officials have repeatedly stated that the outcome of the Second world war, they recognize, with the exception of the outcome in relation to the Southern Kuril Islands, or as they call them, the Northern territories. This is a lawless position. The legal position of Japan would be determined by the fact that Japan ratified the UN Charter, but it is article 107, which says that everything that was made by the victorious powers, not subject to discussion," - said Lavrov.
The Russian foreign Minister added that the peace Treaty between the two countries needs to be modern and complete, reflecting the situation not 60-70 years ago, and the situation today. Also, according to Lavrov, the document should cover all spheres of relations between the two countries in economy, security issues, the vision of foreign policy cooperation, cultural ties and much more.
Relations between Russia and Japan for many years overshadows the absence of a peace Treaty. Japan claims Kunashir, Shikotan, Iturup and Habomai, referring to bilateral Treatise on trade and borders of 1855. In 1956 the USSR and Japan signed a Joint Declaration in which Moscow has agreed to consider the possibility of transfer of Japan of the Habomai and Shikotan after the conclusion of a peace Treaty, and the fate of Kunashir and Iturup are not affected. The USSR hoped that the Joint Declaration will put an end to the dispute, Japan believed the document only part of the solution, not abandoning claims to all the Islands.
Later the negotiations failed, the peace Treaty after the Second world war and was not signed. There is a view that serious opposition arose from the United States, which threatened that if Japan would agree to the transfer of only two of the four Islands, it will affect the process of the return of Okinawa under Japanese sovereignty (the Agreement on the return of Okinawa to Japan entered into force in 1972). Moscow's position is that the Islands became part of the Soviet Union at the end of the Second world war and the Russian sovereignty over them cannot be questioned.
In 2018 in Singapore at the end of the summit with Russian President Vladimir Putin, Prime Minister of Japan Shinzo Abe said that the parties agreed to accelerate negotiations on a peace Treaty on the basis of Joint Soviet-Japanese Declaration of 1956. This is a serious concession on the part of Japan, because until now, its official position was to demand the return of the four Islands and only after that — the conclusion of a peace Treaty.