Scientists have found the earliest evidence of vladychestva in the bronze age
Scientist of the South Ural state University (SUSU) Igor Czechoslov as part of an international team of researchers from Kazakhstan, Russia and the USA have discovered the earliest evidence of the use of horses for horsemen in the bronze age, according to the University.
The article on the results of a multidisciplinary study of the burial of horses published in one of the most prestigious journals of the first quartile Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports.
As pointed out by the University, a team of scientists proved that the Andronovo people have mastered riding a few centuries earlier than is commonly believed. Such a conclusion the researchers made, working with findings from the fifth mound in the burial ground system "Novoilinskiy-2".
The burial ground is located near the city of Lisakovsk in Kostanay region of Kazakhstan. About 3.5 thousand years ago this territory was home to the bearers of the Andronovo culture (the common name of a group of archaeological cultures of the bronze age). A distinctive feature of people of the period had developed horse breeding. Animals were used not only in food, but also for harnessing to the chariot and riding.
This is confirmed by the remains of horses that were discovered in the cemetery "Novoilinskiy-2". Scientists drew attention to the approximate age of the buried animals: the horse was about 20 years old and the Mare is about 18. For "meat" cattle, their life was too long. Near the horses were part of the ancient bridle. Because of this, scientists have confirmed his hypothesis: the animals were sacrificially buried with the man they had accompanied during his lifetime, says the University.