Russia has prepared a new resolution in the UN security Council on Syria
Russia has prepared a new draft resolution on the renewal of one checkpoint on the Turkish-Syrian border to deliver humanitarian aid to Syria, it follows from the review of the first zampolpreda of the Russian Federation to the UN Dmitry Polyansky on Twitter.
In the framework of cross-border delivery of humanitarian aid to Syria now there are two border crossing on the border of Syria and Turkey - "Bab El-Hawa and Bab-es-Salam". The mandate of this transmission expires July 10, so for their further functioning of the security Council must adopt a resolution. However, in the Security Council disagreement.
Earlier this week Russia and China vetoed the resolution, Germany and Belgium, proposed to extend the validity of both the PPC for a year. Russia, in turn, introduced a draft resolution, which proposed the renewal of only one border crossing "Bab-El-Hawa" and for six months, not a year. In a vote on Wednesday, the Russian project has not received the required nine votes out of 15 - voted for the document only four States.
On Wednesday, Belgium and Germany introduced a draft resolution, involving the extension of both border crossings for six months, not a year, unlike their first option.
The commentary Polyansky, Russia has also prepared a new draft resolution, "which will allow cross-border delivery of humanitarian assistance in Idlib... through the checkpoint "Bab-El-Hawa" within one year".
According to him, through this border crossing is more than 85% of all humanitarian operations.
As noted by the first zampolpreda remaining fraction of humanitarian operations can also be redirected through the crossing and across the front line, taking into account changes on the ground, in particular the decrease of the area of de-escalation by 30%.
According to him, Russia urges humanitarian UN agencies and NGOs to prioritize the use of the delivery mechanism across the front line, while continuing to use the border crossing "Bab-El-Hawa" in order to help the needy in Idlib.
"Recognizing the need for cross-border mechanism, we emphasize the need for all parties to both UN and the Syrian government, made... efforts to expand the use of operations to deliver humanitarian aid across the front line in all parts of Syria in accordance with resolution 46/182," - said in comments.
As stressed by Polyansky, Moscow categorically rejects allegations that Russia wants to stop humanitarian supplies to the needy Syrian population. "Our project is the best proof that these accusations are groundless," said the first zampolpreda.
He urged the Western partners in the security Council to support the Russian draft resolution. "If they block our compromise proposal, they will be responsible for the consequences", - concluded Polanski.
Mode simplified the delivery of humanitarian and medical aid to Syria from neighbouring States (primarily across the border with Turkey) through the front lines and the border crossings since July 2014. Such a mechanism has been renewed annually. Under this mechanism, the humanitarian agencies of the UN and its partners had the right to use the routes through the confrontation lines and four border crossing points: "Bab-es-Salam", "Bab El-Hawa" (both on the border of Syria and Turkey), "El Arabia" (border with Iraq) and "al-Ramtha" (border with Jordan).
As the Syrian army began to establish control over a growing territory, Damascus and Moscow began to advocate a phasing out of the operation of border crossings. As stated by Russian and Syrian parties, and now humanitarian aid must be delivered to the areas through the territory of Syria, and not from the territory of neighboring States.
In January, the UN security Council extended the mandate of only two checkpoints on the border with Turkey. "El Arabiya and al-Ramtha" has ceased to function in the framework of cross-border delivery of humanitarian aid. It is not like the Western partners in the security Council.
Russia's envoy to the UN, Vasily Nebenzia said that the mechanism of cross-border delivery of humanitarian aid was conceived as a temporary emergency measure that the Security Council has endorsed, to provide humanitarian support to the conflict-ridden country. Now, according to Russia's permanent representative to the UN, it is time to gradually phase out the mechanism to replace it with humanitarian supplies that will be carried out in accordance with the principles outlined in the UN General Assembly resolution 46/182.
The Russian foreign Ministry expressed regret that no progress on sending in Idlib Syrian humanitarian convoy, as the West insists on the delivery of aid through cross-border deliveries from Turkey.