The state Duma adopted the law on oil spills
The state Duma plenary session on Tuesday adopted a law on oil spills, which will require companies engaged in the extraction, storage and transportation of petroleum products, have a reserve of funds in the accounts, Bank guarantee or insurance from oil spills.
The bill was introduced in the state Duma in January 2018 and adopted in the first reading in March of the same year. However, the environment Committee then made a number of comments. Key among them was the absence in the bill of specific mechanisms to establish financial guarantees for the prevention and liquidation of oil spills on land. Also, the bill was not disclosed, as relate to the plans for oil spill response plans of action for the prevention and elimination of emergency situations was noted by the Committee. In early June, after the situation with the oil spill in Norilsk, the Committee asked the Vice-Premier of Victoria Abramchenko to accelerate the introduction into the state Duma amendments to the bill. Last week the government introduced amendments to the bill.
Updated version of the law involves the creation of a mechanism of financial support of the prevention of oil spills. The financial support mechanism of counteraction to oil spills should include each company which is engaged in the production, transportation and storage of oil products. This involves either the provision of funds in the accounts, either a Bank guarantee or insurance.
The law also provides for the notification procedure for the approval of the plan of prevention and liquidation of spills of oil and petroleum products for land areas. The plan will be approved by the organization that carries out onshore production, refining, transportation, storage and realization of oil and oil products. But subject to the availability of the findings about the readiness of this organization to actions on localization and liquidation of consequences of oil spills and agreement with Rosprirodnadzor. The operating organization should provide notice of the approval of the plan to the Federal Agency determined by the President or the government, and in the case of any plan changes, notify the service.
Now the notification procedure for the approval of the plan is set for marine waters in the presence of the positive conclusion of state ecological expertise. For the same land territories regulation at the legislative level is missing for them, the order established by the government. In accordance with this procedure the organization shall prepare and send plans in the regional and Federal authorities for approval, after which the plans approved by the energy Ministry and the emergencies Ministry.
The company also will be required to conduct special exercises aimed at preventing situations with oil spills.
As noted by the Chairman of the state Duma Vyacheslav Volodin, the law increases the responsibility of companies involved in oil production - they will have to provide not only the spill but also to compensate in full the harm caused to the environment, life, health and property of citizens.
As explained to journalists the head of the Duma Committee on ecology and environmental protection Vladimir burmatov, the government will take until January 1 to adopt 7 regulations to implement the law.
Russian President Vladimir Putin instructed until August 1 to make legislative changes to prevent an emergency, like a spill of diesel fuel in Norilsk. As previously reported, SK, day 29 may in the territory of CHP-3 of JSC "Norilsk-Taimyr energy company" depressurization of the tank, fuel and lubricants are spilled on the haul road, the car lit up. Presumably, spilled about 20 thousand tons of oil products. The RIA Novosti source familiar with the situation, reported that inspectors of Rosprirodnadzor are not passed to the place of emergency flood of 20 thousand tons of oil products at CHP-3 in Norilsk.