Scientist: melting permafrost may force the inhabitants of Yakutia to move
Climate change in Yakutia in the last decade has become much more visible in the future, the thawing of permafrost could lead to the relocation of many inhabitants of the Republic, told RIA Novosti Deputy Director for science of the permafrost Institute imeni P. I. Melnikov, SB RAS, senior research fellow, international scientific-educational center of biogeochemistry and climatology BEST Institute of natural Sciences NEFU Alexander Fedorov.
In the Yakut city of Verkhoyansk, also known as the Northern pole of cold, meteorologists have confirmed anomalous heat – 20 June the temperature rose to plus 38 degrees. This temperature record was interested by the world meteorological organization, the anomaly, after verification, may be included in the so-called meteorological "book of records" Archive of exceptional weather and climate temperatures.
According to Fedorov, in the last 10-20 years climate warming in Yakutia became stronger. In the North the temperature increased by 2 degrees from the long-term average in the Central and southern parts – 1-1. 5 degrees. The warming in the Central and southern Yakutia began in the 1990-ies. He noted that the problem of melting permafrost is relevant for the country.
"In the world of Yakutia is considered to be one of the regions experiencing the greatest warming. The whole world fears the release of greenhouse gases from melting permafrost ... If global warming continues to develop at the same rate, then many residents who live on selenologist permafrost, will have to move. This conclusion lead the results of the scientists from different countries, who note serious changes in the landscape of permafrost ... Recalling our scientists-biologists, I would say that they note the move to the North different species with climate warming", - said the Agency interlocutor.
Scientists of NEFU albert Svinoboeva and Aizza Neustroeva in 2017 published an article in which 72% of respondents noted the subsidence of the foundations of houses in Zarechnyj areas of Central Yakutia. Up to 40-50% of arable land used up to 1990 in Churapcha and Tatta districts of the Republic, located on selenologist ground, now completely degraded and may not be used, said Fedorov. In his opinion, the solution in this situation would be the development of sustainable territories.
"The whole world the science of the permafrost warns that became very dangerous to live on the permafrost. However, permafrost is diverse, a number of us have a sustainable landscape that can withstand the warming. These landscapes should be developed. Not only live, but also to such areas of the economy, to benefit from climate warming. It requires capital and investments means that decisions should be taken by the authorities", - he concluded.