The crisis of the foundations. Germany argues with US and wants dialogue with Russia
. The transatlantic partnership again pass the test of strength. This time the call is internal: the allies and Germany intend to impose reciprocal sanctions over the Russian gas pipeline. Angela Merkel doubts the desire of Americans to remain leaders and calls on the EU to come together for constructive dialogue with Russia. If it helps, Moscow, versed RIA Novosti.
The restrictive measures of the United States — a violation of the sovereignty of the EU and European energy security. So in the German foreign Ministry reacted to the news about the upcoming Berlin against the sanctions because of "Nord stream — 2".
Bill PIISKA (Protecting Europe's Energy Security Clarification Act of 2020) in the U.S. Senate was brought by the representatives of both parties. If the document is accepted, it will complement last year's PEISA, which stopped building the pipeline, and the completion of the project was delayed.
"Nord stream — 2", according to senators, it threatens the energy security of Europe and the United States itself. The new sanctions will affect not only companies that build the pipeline, but also those who provide legal, certification, port or insurance services. Meanwhile, in the lower house presented a softened version of the bill.
Congress still did not approve of the President trump the document is not signed. But in Berlin - "sorry to read" initiative and made a response.
"The German government has long believed that sanctions with extraterritorial effects contrary to international law and do not contribute to the development of international cooperation", — said the Minister of economy of Germany Peter Altmaier.
As writes Agency Bloomberg, the German authorities are concerned that the new restrictions will affect the companies, banks and government organizations in Europe. US intervention in the European energy business forces to prepare a coordinated response.
"We want to bring happiness against our will," said Michael harms, Executive Director of the Eastern Committee of German economy. According to him, affected the company's twelve European countries. We are talking about bans in the United States, seizure of the accounts, the difficulties of placing orders.
The Chairman of the Bundestag Committee for economy and energy Klaus Ernst asked to call on the carpet of the American Ambassador. But if the suggestion doesn't work, he added, we can discuss the duties for the import of LNG from the United States.
According to Angela Merkel, the us sanctions do not correspond to the German understanding of the law. "We think that to complete the project is the right decision, and in this spirit we work," she explained.
The Chancellor pointedly questioned the American leadership: "We grew up with the knowledge that the United States wants to be a world power. If they voluntarily cease to perform this role, we should seriously consider". Germany and other countries of the EU, said Merkel, it is necessary to develop a unified approach to relations with major geopolitical players such as China, Turkey and Russia.
According to the Chancellor, Moscow, though, and resorts to "methods of destabilization", "campaigns of misinformation" and hybrid warfare, need Europe. It is about the strategic influence of Russia in Syria and Libya. Cooperation with the Kremlin — the goal that puts Germany in front of him as EU President from July 1 to December 31.
The head of the German government plays a key role in contacts between Russia and the EU. In the West, Merkel is often criticized for being "too friendly" attitude to the Russian counterpart. While Berlin's position on many issues is tough: after joining the anti-Russian sanctions in 2014, Berlin has frozen large part of the economic, political and cultural ties. Retained only the most important projects, including the "Nord stream — 2".
At home not all unconditionally support Merkel. For example, three of the major candidates for her successor in 2021 — the supporters of anti-Russian measures and the transatlantic partnership.
In Germany, the different interest groups, says Alexander Kamkin, leading researcher of the Center for German studies Institute of Europe RAS. "There is a strong industrial, energy lobby, which sees Russia as a reliable supplier of raw materials," he says.
"Political interests are contrary to the business. The CDU/CSU, the government set up an anti-Russian in terms of political and social values. While the social Democrats in the ruling coalition takes a moderate position and maintain the Eastern vector of politics, but played on special partnership with the USA", — the expert explains.
"It is obvious that each of the German Chancellor and the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, and Gerhard Schroeder, and Merkel and many others have irritated relations with Washington based on the principles of vassalage," — said Natalia Eremina, doctor of political Sciences, Professor of St. Petersburg state University.
In her opinion, Berlin it's time to straighten shoulders and to begin a constructive dialogue with Moscow, promoting national interests in light of the current crisis framework. "Especially since Germany is now the leader of the democratic world: trump this political agenda really was released. And relations with allies-vassals in his presidency seriously deteriorated. About it, according to opinion polls, repeatedly told representatives of the business community, parliamentarians, and the General public," said Eremin.
With like-minded people in the EU the German Chancellor is not simple. "The EU is very heterogeneous in every sense, the anti-Russian idea was planted there for a long time, immediately after 2004 and the accession of representatives of the former Soviet camp", — said the expert. Most notable are the Baltic States: they are the most loyal allies of the United States.
Arguing about who will support the constructive stance of Merkel, to take into account this heterogeneity. "EU countries are divided into several groups — says Eremin. — The division passes through the answer to the question, with whom they — with America or with the European Union. For the Baltic States and Poland the obvious choice in favor of the United States. From Germany, France and Italy, more EU priority, although not enough resources to support this position in all directions. And, of course, there are countries that are still undecided."
In such conditions it is difficult to achieve unity on the Russian issue. And indeed Angela Merkel, who will soon leave the post, free of USA not enough to lead a new European course in relations with Moscow. However, Europe is interested in the energy and trade partnership with Russia, and so there is a chance of a constructive dialogue.