As in Minnesota prepare "good cops" and where are "bad"
Minnesota, in the capital of which Minneapolis during the arrest police killed an African American George Floyd and where there were mass riots and pogroms throughout the country and the world, with different States the system of training policemen. The problem of prejudice against the police to the people traced the racial aspect.
RIA Novosti has tried to understand how police training that is done at this stage to resolve the racial issue and why, despite the selection in the profession still are unscrupulous guards.
Unlike other States Minnesota is not the usual police academies in the state. To become guardian of the rule of law, it is necessary to obtain a license, as is done, for example, doctors, by passing a special exam. Requirements for exam and licensing head of special structure in the Management of public safety of the city, but the preparations for it and the surrender to a third party.
The training consists of academic and practical parts. In the academic part, the candidates talk about intercultural differences, racial aspects, the social component in the work of the police, which is designed to create equal treatment for all, including different minorities. Academic programs are different. A mandatory minimum is a two year course, all over – only at the request of the candidate.
According to the coordinator of the four-year police training programme University of the city of Winona James Parlow, they have candidates for the first two years of study with other students on General subjects - the arts, sociology, natural Sciences. This, according to Barlow, is intended to broaden their horizons. Only after that begin the items that relate directly to police work.
The curator is similar to a four-year course at the University of St. cloud, Minnesota Sean Williams with 17 years of experience in police indicates the importance of explaining to students the characteristics of a particular society in which they will operate.
"In my course we study different cultures affected the cultural consciousness. We are talking about the hidden or unconscious bias. And we do this all semester. During these 16 weeks we are also affected ethnic disparities in Minnesota: whites, blacks, native Americans, the population of Hmong, Somali and Latino population-Hispanic population – the seven major ethnic groups in this particular state," he said.
In addition, students talk about LGBT people and about the religions about the Muslim community and the Jewish community. Dedicated to all these topics part of the course is about 200 hours, said the teacher.
According to Williams, a compulsory course on cultural differences was a couple of years ago. At the same time introduced a compulsory short training for current employees.
Parlow, however, disagreed. In his practice, according to him, these items appeared in 2008, when he moved to teaching after working in the police.
A two-year course makes it impossible to convey to future police officers the full picture of a complex society, says Parlow. There is a deep humanitarian bypassed the reservoir.
"They have no diversity of options that could expand their interests. They have a more narrow view of police work", - he explained.
He admits that for most of the more rapid course more attractive. It's faster and cheaper. In the institution every year there is a 19 thousand dollars. Total – 76 thousand dollars for the theory, and then another five thousand for the practical course. To become a police officer with the horizon, it is necessary to have 81 thousand dollars, and local perks a lot. The average salary of a police officer in Minnesota is about 65 thousand dollars a year, minus a third for taxes.
"Now the average student is on a two-year course, then a practical course of 8 to 10 weeks. And then they are ready to work. And then we hope that the Department in which they fall, will continue studying for many hours, but in reality many departments do not have the time, money or teachers," confirms the trend of Williams.
All the "training" next is to work on the street with a senior officer.
Parlow sure that it is impossible to underestimate the humanitarian and social components of the program taking into account characteristics of the state's population.
"Our state is predominantly rural and industrial. We have many people who come from very small communities without a diverse population," says Parlow.
He recalls how he studied at the provincial school in Wisconsin, where there was not one African American and only had a couple of native Americans in 300.
"And when I first moved to the city of La Crosse for a position in a police Department, I had a lot to learn. My first partner was African-American. And then I learned a lot about African-American culture. And I thought it was amazing," recalls Barlow.
However, deeper program subsequently has a downside, admits of Parlow.
"We found watching the last four years over the past four-year program, that they not only move faster to higher positions, but also faster reach the stage of burnout. Because they go to the police with higher ideals, but in the end always see the worst of people," he said.
According to him, we are talking about approximately five years, and then "a person becomes a cynic." Violence against children, beatings, corpses of varying degrees of decomposition, with similar situations faced by all police officers.
"You come home, take off this uniform, but still can't get rid of these thoughts and images," says Parlow.
The problem is global: the suicide rate among police officers across the country, according to him, is astronomical.
Help from burnout usually is to provide services of a psychologist. However, the difficulty is that the police community is the hike to it is perceived a sign of weakness, says Parlow. He teaches his students the opposite: it is a manifestation of power, when you understand the problem and solve it before something happens.
In addition to academic training, which is designed to broaden the Outlook, when you receive the service of being a deep background check. There is an impressive list of offences which automatically disqualify a candidate the right to be a policeman. Another stage of screening – a thorough psychological testing.
"No office will want to hire a burden, because then someone will have to pay money on the claim," says Parlow.
This usually also involved invited experts.
To get to the police, bypassing the complex system of learning, can those who have served in the military police. Now to pass on the program classification of the service had to serve there for at least three years.
"There is still need to attend certain classes, pass the exam, but it's much shorter," says Parlow.