"Cold rebellion". The French repaid the Macron reform
The second round of municipal elections in France ended with an unprecedented victory green in several major cities and the complete defeat of the party "Forward, Republic of" Emmanuel Macron. Changes in the government, the change of Prime Minister and turn the President left what the implications of the vote, understood to RIA Novosti.
Municipal elections were held against the epidemic of the coronavirus. The first round took place on 15 March, the second was to pass a week later, however, because of the quarantine it was postponed for three months.
In the first round the turnout was extremely low at 45 percent. In the second even less. Rigid quarantine in France was cancelled on 11 may, but in spite of all sanitary precautions, the vote was attended by only 41 percent of voters (compared to 62 percent in 2014) is a record in the history of the Fifth Republic. And despite the fact that municipal elections along with the presidential usually differ in France, the high interest of voters as mayors and heads of districts on the ground a lot.
But not only did the pandemic affect mood, experts say the disappointment of the French and distrust of political circles. In 2017 in anticipation of change, people give preference to a new force — the Makron and his party, however, significant improvements no one noticed, which led to widespread protests by the same "yellow jackets" in 2018-2019.
Such a low voter turnout, the leader of the left opposition party "Unconquered France" Jean-Luc Mélenchon called a "cold rebellion" and "civil strike" against all institutions.
The main surprise is the victory of the representatives of the party EELV ("Europe — Ecology — Green") in Lyon, Bordeaux, Strasbourg, Poitiers, Round, Besancon, Annecy. Only environmentalists have prevailed in three dozen cities. Green informed the mayor was only in Grenoble and he was re-elected.
Not very known to the General public, candidates, environmentalists have been able to interest my agenda: clean energy, environmental protection, public transport, housing, health care.
"This is a turning point. The political landscape is rebuilt around the environment, meaningful project. This is a reaction to the inability and refusal of the government to solve social and environmental issues on their vertical of power," explains from EELV MEP Yannick Jadot.
Thanks to the victory in the municipal elections two years before the presidential campaign, the greens have declared themselves as the leading left party of France and are already thinking about the fight for the top post. So, national Secretary of EELV Julien Bayou draws a parallel with municipal elections of 1977: the success of the socialists led to the election of the head of state of their leader, françois Mitterrand.
And yet, to the Elysee Palace green is still very far away. The clear advantages they have achieved only in large cities. The rest of France, including rural, left on leading positions of traditional parties, the socialists and the "Republicans" (center-right).
The socialists defended the main thing — the capital, where a new six-year term re-elected Anne Hidalgo. They also prevailed in Nancy, Lille, Rennes, Nantes, Le Mans and other cities. The Republicans retained Toulouse, nice, AIX-EN-Provence.
Nightmare turned around the second round for the presidential party "Forward, Republic of". Created four years ago to Emmanuel Macron political Union in 2017 won an absolute majority in the parliamentary elections, but since then, apparently, failed to prove its effectiveness.
The leaders of the presidential party had hoped that after the municipal elections "Go the Republic" takes root in local government in the future will have the opportunity to actively promote its policies in the regions. However, they encountered a failure from which to learn.
Definitely not added to the authorities of the popularity of the situation with coronavirus. The epidemic revealed serious problems in health care: deaths from COVID-19 France — one of the highest in the world. The country even established a parliamentary Commission to verify the actions taken by the Executive authorities during the epidemic.
The only major success — a confident victory of Prime Minister Edouard Philippe, re-elected in Le Havre. And he nominated himself, not as the representative of the party. Phillip was mayor of Le Havre since 2010, in 2017 he went to work in the government, but local voters know him well.
From other results it is worth noting that for the first time the mayor of the city, with a population of more than a hundred thousand of Perpignan, became the representative of the party "national front" (formerly "NetFront") Louis alio. The leader of the "Republican front" marine Le Pen called it a historic victory. "Now we can prove capable of managing large cities", — she said.
It is also interesting that in five of the ten largest cities in France, mayors have chosen women. In Paris is a 61-year-old socialist Anne Hidalgo in Nantes, 41-year-old socialist Joanna Rolland, in Strasbourg — 39-year-old representative green Jeanne Barseghian and Lille — 69-year-old socialist Martine Aubry (headed by the city since 2001). In Marseille the mayor will be determined by vote of the municipal Council, but it will also be a woman: either the candidate of the green 63-year-old Michelle Rubirosa or representative of "Republicans" — 58-year-old Martin Vassal.
It is obvious that this state of Affairs does not suit the President: the Makron is necessary to correct the political course and try to regain the trust of voters, especially the left, who don't want to forgive him for harsh measures, such as pension reform. In addition, many supporters of the left and environmentalists believe Makrona "President of the rich" and other Industrialists polluting the environment.
Symbolically, the morning after the "green wave" in the municipal elections, the President gathered at the Elysee Palace the participants of the Civil Convention on climate change and has publicly supported the idea of amendments to the Constitution on the protection of the environment and the fight against climate change.
Will the Makron to "ride the wave"? No one doubts that in the next couple of weeks before Bastille Day (July 14) — the President will hold a large-scale reshuffle in the government. Experts do not exclude that of the nearly four dozen Ministers and secretaries of state in their seats will keep only a quarter.
Scenarios can be different from bringing in a Cabinet of new faces from civil society to attempt to create a broad coalition of representatives of different political wings under the banner of rebuilding the country after the associated with a pandemic crisis.
The main question is whether to keep the portfolio of Prime Minister Edouard Philippe. Comes from the right, Philip, probably, is not well suited for more socially and environmentally oriented course. However, it is popular and in recent months, passes on the trust ratings of the Macron. Also circulated rumors of tension between the two politicians, although they themselves refute these conjectures.
As possible candidates for the Premiership called defense Minister Florence Parlee, foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian, Minister of economy and Finance Bruno Le Mayor, President of the National Assembly Richard Ferrand.