The procedure for the election of the President of Iceland
In accordance with the Constitution of the Republic of Iceland (1944), legislative power belongs jointly to the President and Parliament (the Althingi).
The President is head of state and is elected by direct secret ballot.
for a four-year term with the possibility of re-election.
His term of office begins on 1 August and ends on 31 July four years later.
Elections are held in June or July of the year in which expires the term of office. They are appointed by the Prime Minister, he also determines the minimum and maximum number of supporters who want to support nominated candidates in different administrative parts of the country. This number depends on the number of voters residing in the territory.
In the event of the death of the President or his retirement prior to the expiration of the term of the new head of state is elected for the period ending 31 July of the fourth year after the election.
In the case when the President is unable to discharge his powers, they are temporarily performed by a panel consisting of three people: the Prime Minister, the President of Althingi and the President of the Supreme court of Iceland. The chief at meetings of the Board shall be the President of the Althingi, all decisions are taken by majority vote.
The President shall resign its powers ahead of schedule, if it is approved by a majority of votes in a referendum held pursuant to a resolution adopted by three fourths of the members of Parliament. A referendum should be held within two calendar months from the date of adoption of the resolution. In case of rejection by referendum of the resolution of the Althing is dissolved immediately and new elections are held.
The main bodies engaged in the preparation and conduct of elections, are the Ministry of justice and the national electoral Commission.
The President of Iceland is elected by the citizens of the country under the age of 18. Suffrage deprived citizens, not having full scope of civil rights and convicted of serious crimes.
Voters residing abroad remain in the voter register for eight years after their departure. If you wish to participate in the voting after this deadline, a voter must apply for inclusion of their data in the electoral list.
To participate in the elections can only persons included in the lists.
Voter lists must be presented to the public and posted for public inspection in the offices of local authorities or other public places not later than 10 days before election day.
To run for President are eligible persons under 35 years of age. Candidates can be nominated by political parties or by self-nomination.
To participate in the elections, each candidate must apply to the Ministry of justice and provide the signatures of at least fifteen thousand and not more than three thousand voters. They can be collected on paper or in electronic form.
In Bulletin of the candidates entered in alphabetical order. The ballots shall be made not later than seven days before election day.
The election campaign is almost not regulated by law, campaigning can take place at any time, including on election day. Each candidate is entitled to four minutes of free airtime. The candidates can also purchase an unlimited amount of paid airtime and advertising in the media.
The election campaign can be financed only by private donations. Donations from state, foreign and anonymous sources are prohibited. Candidates may receive private donations from legal and physical persons in the amount up to 400 thousand ISK per calendar year. Donations in excess of this limit must be returned immediately. The spending limit is calculated by the number of adult residents of the country and approximately $ 73.6 million ISK.
On voting day, polling stations open at 9: 00, however, the local election Commission can make a decision about a later opening time, but no later than 12.00.
On election day a voter comes to your polling station and shall notify the member of the electoral Commission the identity document. After receiving voting materials to you he goes into the voting booth, selects candidates and puts a cross opposite his name, and then places the ballot in an envelope and put it in a special box.
Voters who, because of physical infirmity is unable to appear at the polling place on election day, or to go into the voting booth and vote independently, have the right to request the assistance of the members of the election Commission. Blind and infirm voters can ask for help to individuals whom they trust.
Early voting is held for eight weeks before election day. Make it a voter who cannot come to the polling station on voting day because of illness, disability, childbirth and other reasons. Early voting can be conducted in the following locations: in the offices of district commissioners