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Europeans from the Russian heartland. On the vicissitudes of life near the border

In Russia there are villages where we go for food foreigners and Russians from other regions without a pass will not be allowed. The local issue of dual citizenship and travel to Europe whenever I want. But it happens the other way: the Russian-Ukrainian border between the villages Melovoe and Chertkovo shared the fate of people in the before and after. About the pros and cons of life in the border zone — in the material RIA Novosti.

Artem Kononov two passports, like many in the village of Lavra, the Pskov region. To Latvia only four kilometers, but citizenship of the European Union through Estonia to get to her a little farther: ten kilometers. In 1920 the settlement belonged to Estonia and called Laura. The indigenous people, whose family lived here during the Soviet years, no problems issuing the document in a blue cover.

"A second citizenship I did six months ago. Local often served abroad for work, like myself. Sometimes there are," says Kononov. "Abroad" he's found a place on the building site, the home of little choice: "Children's boarding home for the elderly, small shops and all. Someone goes to town, someone sawing the woods, but it is from case to case."

Proximity to Europe keeps the village afloat — don't be near the border, business, small and medium, went out of Laurel.

"But now businessmen are well: from the other side often come to us for food. Not yet introduced restrictions on the export of petrol, gas station worked around the clock, now with eight to 20," adds Kononov.

Suddenly descend guests fail: check-in laurels — by invitation only. The documents are issued approximately two weeks. "To adopt a relative from a distant region of Russia, I'm preparing a paper in advance, otherwise you will not be allowed", — said pensioner Nina Anatolievna. In the Laurels of it since 1977, "But even a lifetime in the Pechora district, and up to thirteen kilometers away. We knew from childhood: over the river, it is the gutter — this is Latvia".

Once Nina "went there as a home". Now require a permit even for a hike in the woods for mushrooms and berries: to border pillars approach is prohibited. "For three years I was in school in Latvia, often in Estonia. We Latvians were friends in the villages there are many mixed marriages. Foreigners knew Russian, and it didn't matter who in what language speaks. How to shut down the border, never intended nor in Estonia, nor in Latvia — not interested".

Nina A. recognizes: the laurels is a dying village. "Like all cringed. People are moving to cities. But to me there is stuffy, I'm a villager, I love that the cucumbers were growing, flowers. Hear dogs bark — mine."

At the pensioner of the Russian passport, to obtain Estonian it to anything. "Abroad mainly go to those who have relatives there. Or underground businessmen who sell gasoline, cigarettes, and vodka."

Another village in the vicinity of Europe — Karel Vyartsilya. Near the Russian-Finnish border, and local is only a plus.

He and his wife arrived a year ago from Petrozavodsk. Education Dmitry — physical education teacher in the city area, now settled on a specialty.

In Wartsila, as in other semi-enclosed settlements, allowed by invitation only. Yes, and in the vicinity of the strict: "If there is need in the direction of Sortavala, take your passport, the border guards can stop to check."

"Some have moved to Finland. We are going there on the tour, but failed because of the epidemic. In Karelia visa costs reduced, but the border areas of benefits there," — explains Dmitry.

Before the closure of the borders because of the coronavirus Finns go to Wartsila constantly. "They are closer to our "roundabout" than yourself in a hypermarket. Haircut we have, the teeth are treated here services cheaper. Go to the pharmacy. We also often purchased in Finland. I'm interested in Japanese fencing on their side right next to the border there is a club you want to be recorded".

Laurels and wärtsilä is a small village which is known only to the locals. The history of the Russian Sochi, bordering Ukrainian village of chalk, on hearing at many. Previously, it was, in fact, one town, but the events of 2014 have changed everything. For some, it's turned into an annoying trouble, for others — a real tragedy.

Ian lives on different sides of the barrier with his mother. Born and raised in the Cretaceous, then married a Russian citizen and moved to Sochi to another country. In fact — across the bridge. But just go to the other side for a meeting with the parents is impossible. To take the child to the grandmother, Jan collects documents, places in line for three hours and tells the guards about the purpose of the visit.

Jan says that at first the local rebelled several times tore part of the fence. Due to the tightening of the rules was broken up families, people lost their jobs. "Was this story, the husband is the head of the precinct in Ukraine, Russian wife, works in a hospital on our side. He can't move, and she doesn't have a passport. Three years later, divorced."

Unlike other heroes of this material, Ian sees no advantages in living close to the border — CAT in the Cretaceous was divided in half once almost a single village.