Peter Ilyich: accusations of Russia's military presence in Libya unfounded
In Moscow I doubt that in a pandemic coronavirus in the week the high-level commemorative 75th session of the UN General Assembly will, as usual, to attend the numerous delegations from all countries of the world. What format should pass this large-scale event, as well as preparations for the summit of the "nuclear five", the prospects of limiting the right of veto in the security Council and about whom the UN experts considered for "Russian mercenaries" in Libya, said in an interview with RIA Novosti Director of the Department of international organizations Ministry of foreign Affairs of Russia Pyotr Ilyich.
— Indeed, now, because of the continuing difficult epidemiological situation in the world related to the spread of coronavirus, which discusses various scenarios for the week of high-level 75-th session of the UN General Assembly, to be held September 22-28. The final decision on this matter is still pending.
It is clear that in the current circumstances, the direction to new York, many delegations unlikely. However, we advocate that member States took a decision on the modalities of its participation, whether the direction of videos of speeches of national leaders or physical presence in the General Assembly hall, several official representatives. Anyway, it is important to maintain the status and importance of the Ministerial week, which is, in fact, a major event in international politics.
As for the question of transferring the headquarters of the United Nations, not to think about this possibility, just not against the background of numerous violations by the USA of its obligations as the host country of the headquarters of the world Organization. Recently, the U.S. government likely to abuse this status, not issuing visas to official delegates of Russia and other States to participate in the activities of the UN and putting pressure on the offices of the unwanted in new York.
Actively oppose such a line, regularly putting this issue at the meetings of the relevant bodies, including the Committee of the General Assembly on relations with the host country and in the main committees of the UNGA, we conduct demarches before the UN Secretary General and Americans bilaterally.
At the same time to talk about the full transfer UN headquarters from the USA to another country at the moment is problematic because of the circumstances of political, legal and financial properties. Any decision of the UN General Assembly on this subject would require at least two thirds of the votes of the member States, as well as significant resources to develop the new headquarters and the relocation of the permanent missions. In the current difficult economic environment to start talking about additional expenses for relocation of the UN hardly justified.
— Regardless of the modalities of this year's high-level week of the UN General Assembly, we are convinced that the summit of the five permanent members of the security Council to optimally spend in full-time mode. Only this format will allow for a really thorough and sincere conversation about the principles of cooperation in international Affairs and the ways of solving the acute problems of humanity.
The development agenda discussions of this level is a difficult task that we are working in close cooperation with our partners. On this basis, the organizational aspects of the summit plan to move after agreement on the contents.
— Currently, the fundamental norms of international law enshrined in the Charter of the UN did pass a serious test of strength. We increasingly see attempts by some States, especially Western ones, by all means to regain their lost dominance and slow down the natural process of transition to a genuine multi-polarity.
The main tool that Westerners use to promote their vested interests, the concept of so – called world order based on rules, in which there are attempts to replace the universal international legal norms the alternative, non-consensual methods to resolve issues in circumvention of the UN. Also, there is a growing practice of illegal unilateral steps, including coercive measures. All this inevitably leads to the buildup of the conflict potential in international relations.
However, I am convinced that to talk about the crisis of the world organization of today is not necessary. Despite all the challenges, she remains the cornerstone of the modern system of international relations, a kind of "safety net", universal forum for effective intergovernmental cooperation. Fully retain the relevance and principles that underpin the UN system, including non-interference in internal Affairs, sovereign equality of States, abstention from the threat or use of force.
Russia, being a responsible member of the international community and the founding member of the world Organization, together with like-minded people will continue to assert the imperative of strict compliance with the principles of its Charter. Of particular importance it acquires in the context of celebrating this year's 75th anniversary of the UN.
I would also like to elaborate on the Security Council, which bears primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and security. Recently to address this important body, more often heard accusations of inefficiency. Some hotheads even go further and call for, as you said, to "review its powers". In this regard, I would like to note the following.
First, SB remains uncontested platform to resolve international conflicts by political and diplomatic measures. For almost 75 years of its existence, he contributed to the solution of the most acute crises, allowing you to save a human life. Contrary to popular belief, the vast majority of the issues Council members are able to reach mutually acceptable solutions.
Mandatory condition for the successful functioning of the Council has always been constructive cooperation of all its members. Unfortunately, some of them have increasingly demonstrated a lack of interest in compromise, and prefer to act unceremoniously. As a consequence, progress on a number of subjects becomes virtually unattainable. So the question here should not lead to the "inefficiency" of SB, and the systematic sabotage of the work of a number of States that want to turn him on, stamps exclusively promoted their solutions and approaches.
However, we recognize the need to adapt the Council to today's realities. In particular, our country is in principle in favour of increasing the representation of this on developing countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America. But to approach the issue of increasing the number of the composition of the security Council have carefully, so as not to reduce its effectiveness and efficiency. Forcing the process is counterproductive and dangerous. We are ready to accept such formula for the expansion, which will enjoy the broadest possible support in the General Assembly, ideally consensus.