Experts said about the danger of the resolution on the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact
The decision of II Congress of people's deputies of the USSR on the Soviet-German nonaggression Pact of 1939 flawed for Russia and creates preconditions for manifestations of historical unconsciousness in the Russian society, according to the participants of the round table "the Soviet-German treaties of 1939 in the USSR history, present and future of Russia", held on Monday in Moscow online.
At the event organized by the Russian military historical society, Moscow state pedagogical University with the participation of specialists of the Association of historians of the Second world war and other organizations, the bill was discussed abolishing the decree of the Congress of people's deputies of the USSR from December 24, 1989, condemning the Soviet-German non-aggression Pact and the secret Annex.
The resolution of the Congress of people's deputies "it is necessary to recognize invalid on the territory of the Russian Federation," reads the resolution of the round table. The authors of the resolution explained why, in their opinion, it is necessary to make such a decision.
"The order of 1989 is historically flawed for Russia, its people and society. The prosecution of the USSR (Russia) responsibility for the outbreak of the Second world war as a result of the conclusion of the Treaty and the Protocol of 1939 became a familiar attribute of not only modern European politics", - stated in the resolution. Reached that, in particular, on the sites of the action "Immortal regiment online" this year, were posted photos of Nazi war criminals, says the resolution. Earlier it was reported that Russia's Investigative Committee opened a case on these facts. The consequence suspects of involvement in the crime, citizens of Ukraine and Estonia, as well as more than 10 Russians from different regions, including Perm, Samara, Volgograd and Ulyanovsk.
As noted in the resolution, the resolution of the Congress of people's deputies of the USSR has no basis of historical and legal justification for the assertion that due to the secret Protocol of delimitation of spheres of interests of USSR and Germany was contrary to the sovereignty and independence of several third countries. There is no evidence that, as noted in the resolution, obligations of Germany before the USSR supposedly aggravated the consequences of the treacherous Nazi invasion on June 22, 1941. Missing and confirm that the Protocol was used by Stalin and his entourage for bringing military pressure on other States in violation of its in front of them legal obligations, written by the authors of the resolution.
In addition, the decision on inclusion of a question on the Soviet-German Treaty and a secret Protocol in the agenda of the Congress of people's deputies in 1989 were adopted solely for reasons of "political expediency" separatist orientation, specified in the resolution. "Promoted this resolution representatives of the popular fronts of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania "sąjūdis", the resolution says.
The Soviet-German non-aggression Treaty (often called the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, by the names of its signatories, the foreign Ministers of the Soviet Union and Germany) was signed on 23 August 1939 in Moscow. The content of the non-aggression Pact is not at odds with international law and Treaty practice of States, adopted for such settlements.
At the same time the Treaty was signed a secret Protocol containing the delimitation of "spheres of interest" of the Soviet Union and Germany. In the area of influence of the Soviet Union entered Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Western Belarus, Western Ukraine and Bessarabia. Thus the European border of the USSR and moved significantly to the West. However, the Protocol did not envisage a change of borders of other countries in any way, including by military means.
According to professional military historians, the Pact allowed the Soviet Union to get a breather to prepare for war, strengthen its military industry and to increase the strength of the red Army. And in the initial period of the great Patriotic war the German troops were forced to attack from a much more remote frontiers. Due to this, the USSR managed to evacuate to the East are numerous industrial enterprises, and also to mobilize a division, which kept the army of the Wehrmacht at Moscow and Leningrad.
The twenty-fourth day of December 1989, the second Congress of people's deputies of the USSR (at that time the highest organ of state power in the Soviet Union) adopted, signed by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev decree No. 979-1 "On political and legal assessment of the Soviet-German non-aggression Pact of 1939", condemning the fact of signing the secret Protocol and other secret agreements with Germany, and recognized them as legally untenable and invalid from the moment of signing. The ruling Congress was prepared by results of work of the parliamentary Commission, headed by a member of the Politburo of the CPSU Central Committee Alexander Yakovlev.
According to some historians, the ruling Congress MPs, who acknowledged a direct connection between the secret protocols and the incorporation in 1940 into the Soviet Union as Soviet republics of Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, and Moldova, created the ideological Foundation for their exit from the Soviet Union at the turn of 1980s and 1990s years and the actual collapse of the Union state.
At the end of may this year the MP Aleksey Zhuravlev submitted to the state Duma a bill which proposes to recognize as invalid the resolution of Council of people's deputies of December 24, 1989, condemning the signing of the Soviet-German non-aggression Pact of 1939. The document was published in electronic database of the lower house of Parliament.