Chinese expert explained the reasons for the border dispute with India

Indian authorities need to switch the public attention from internal problems, including complex epidemiological situation and the slow economic development, and for these purposes well suited to the problem of cross-border confrontation with China, said RIA Novosti Professor, head of the research Institute of the region of the Bay of Bengal at Shenzhen University Dai Yonghong.

A new round of tension between the two countries began after the clashes on the evening of 15 June, military of India and China in the valley of Galvan. According to the representative of the Indian army, during the incident of the collision with the Chinese military in the valley Galvan in Ladakh one officer and two Indian soldiers were killed. Later, the ANI Agency, citing a source reported that the Indian side lost 20 fighters while the Chinese side suffered 43 persons - this number includes the dead and seriously wounded.

"Undoubtedly, in India, you first need to control and manipulate public opinion and the mood of the masses... And of course, control and management of public opinion involves the transfer of public attention from problems such as slow economic development and the epidemiological situation" - said Dai Yonghong.

The expert added that a number of Indian media and some Indian officials inflate the situation with the incident at the border.

He noted that the epidemiological situation in India related to COVID-19, the heaviest, the number of infected has already exceeded 350 thousand, killed several thousand people, India, apparently, is already in 4th place in the world in terms of the seriousness of the epidemiological situation. In addition, it has been a year since the re-election of Narendra modi as Prime Minister of the country, and this year his work is unremarkable.

According to the expert, considering the relations between the two countries in a historical context, it can be noted that in the long term in relations between the two countries was dominated by friendship, peace and cooperation. Speaking about the medium term, it should be noted that since India's independence in 1947 until 1959, the relations between China and India can be considered the "honeymoon". But in 1962 there was a conflict on the Sino-Indian border, and this period was most unpleasant in the multi-millennial history of relations between China and India.

Further relations between the two countries was normalized and remained stable until the confrontation in Declame in 2017 and in Ladakh at the line of actual control this year.

Let Yonghong recalled that after in may last year, modi was re-elected for a second term, he will be in 2-3 months began to take measures for the abolition of the 370-second article of the Constitution, which gives Jammu and Kashmir special status. (August 5, 2019 new Delhi announced the decision to abolish the state of Jammu and Kashmir, creating on its basis two Union territories: Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh). This, as expected, angered Pakistan.

"Then followed tensions with Nepal, again because of the border issue. This was followed by events that historically belong to China region of Ladakh, when India announced that the region will be managed directly by the Federal government," he said.

The expert believes that "last year's Indian action was a preparation for bigger steps this year and in subsequent years, as India step by step checks the response of the international community, that is, as to her actions (on the border – ed.) will react to the big powers – Russia, USA, UK".

"Despite the fact that India and China have some contradictions, historically, friendship and cooperation was the main line between the two countries. Because only when China and India will unite their efforts and take on more international obligations, "the Asian century" will indeed be the case," he added.

Between China and India has a long-standing territorial dispute about the ownership of the plot of the mountainous area in the North of Kashmir, and almost 60 thousand square kilometres in the North-Eastern state of Arunachal Pradesh. The line of actual control passes into the region of Ladakh. In the fall of 1962, the dispute escalated into a border war. In 1993 and 1996, China and India signed the agreement on maintaining peace in the disputed areas.

In late may, India and China were transferred to Ladakh line of actual control, which replaces the border between the two countries, a number of units after military clashes in the area highland lakes-Pangong TSO, may 5-6. As reported by the Indian media, strengthening the contingent of each of the parties began after the Chinese military put a few tents by the river Galvan and began construction work.

The Indian commander of the 14th corps, General-Lieutenant of Harinder Singh June 6, discussed the situation with the commander of the South Xinjiang military district major General people's liberation army of China, Liu Lin. The foreign Ministry of India results held on 6 June to the negotiations said that India and China have agreed to resolve the situation peacefully, will continue dialogue on the military and diplomatic levels, however, 15 Jun clashed.