"The goal is to shift the power". Who hit the American "Caesar"
The United States has introduced sanctions against Bashar al-Assad and his relatives. Will be punished and those who are in contact with the Syrian elite, including foreign companies operating in Syria. Americans do not go into details, but it is clear that we are talking above all about Russia and Iran. How will this affect post-war reconstruction of the country, versed RIA Novosti.
"The United States will impose sanctions as long as the Assad regime continues its war against the Syrian citizens. Damascus should seek political settlement of the conflict. The pressure America applies to the countries that are dealing with the Syrian regime. No matter how far partners Assad are from him. All of them threaten travel bans and financial restrictions," said Mike Pompeo.
It was not a surprise. Donald trump signed the "Act on the protection of the civilian population of Syria", known in international circles as the "Law of Caesar", in December last year. The Roman statesman nothing to do with it. This is the name of a Syrian photographer shipped in 2013 from Syria "documentary evidence of torture and killings of prisoners in prisons."
"The law of Caesar" in General terms, described the punishment of Assad, his close associates and foreign partners. Sanctions envisaged against private companies that invest in the Syrian economy.
The document wasn't a lot of specifics. But all understood that this refers mainly to Moscow and Tehran, which is considered the main partners of Damascus. After a decade of civil war, the country restored mainly by Russian and Iranian companies.
Congress immediately approved the "Law of Caesar." But not because American parliamentarians against anti-Syrian sanctions. The opposition to the Assad regime — a topic on which Republicans and Democrats are almost always the consensus. The delay was due to the fact that the Congress was complemented by a legal act and specified penalties. This was done and the government.
In the end, in the published document States that sanctions are imposed personally against Bashar al-Assad, his wife, sisters and brother. Restriction will affect the businessman Muhammad Hamsho, closely associated with the President and his relatives and all who are in contact with Damascus.
Under the impact of the main sectors of the Syrian economy: industry, transport, energy. Employed in these spheres of public and private companies will now not be able to interact with foreign partners. Any international transaction immediately block.
Foreign companies collaborating with Damascus, will be in American black list immediately after the conclusion of any transaction or financial operation.
"The law of Caesar" stops to help the Syrian Armed forces. This means possible sanctions against Russian and Iranian defense. The document imposes restrictions on close to the Iranian Islamic revolutionary guard Corps, the Syrian group.
"Americans acknowledged the fact that the supposedly targeted sanctions against the Syrian government hit ordinary people. That is the purpose of these measures is to displace the legitimate government of Syria," — said Russia's permanent representative in the UN security Council Vasily sebenza.
The Iranian authorities, "the Law of Caesar," called a violation of international law. "Despite sanctions, we will continue to strengthen economic relations with Syria," — said the Iranian foreign Ministry.
"After the successes of Russia in Syria, the Americans took into account the errors. For a long time they tried to develop a strategy that can move the position of the United States in the Syrian conflict from the dead point. Adopted the "Law of Caesar" shows that a new concept or otherwise formulated", — explains in a conversation with RIA Novosti coordinator of the middle East projects RIAC Ruslan Mamedov.
These sanctions, according to experts, will create difficulties for the restoration of the SAR. "Normalization of the economy — most importantly, what are fighting the Syrian government. To the "Law of Caesar" in the UAE expressed their willingness to allocate funds to Damascus. I considered the possibility, and in Saudi Arabia. But the coronavirus, the economic crisis, and now more sanctions will surely affect the plans of the Arab monarchies," says Mammadov.
To avoid problems and Moscow. Mammadov believes that Russian private investors will review the projects and minimize cooperation with Syria. "Sanctions — too sensitive topic. The situation appears similar to Iranian. To avoid restrictions, foreign companies prefer not to get involved in the Syrian recovery. This is the risk that the SAR in the decades ahead will be seen as useless illiquid", — said the expert.
Partly to help communication with the countries interested in a stable Syria. The spokesman stressed that Russia could become a moderator of this interaction.
"Moscow is able to pinpoint the dialogue with the countries of the European Union and the Middle East. There are many realize that without the reconstruction of the country is meaningless to talk about political or economic future of the regime. The Russian authorities already contribute to the normalization of relations Assad with some neighbors, and that's good," — said Mammadov.
According to him, the negative impact of the "Law of Caesar" will be able to reverse if the US and Russia will be more likely to listen to the opinions of middle East players. The increased interest of the monarchies of the Persian Gulf in the reconstruction of Syria shows that compromise is possible without extra-regional players.