The carnage at the border. Why is the military of India and China converged hand to hand

New Delhi and Beijing took military after the conflict in the Ladakh valley. There was the most serious in half a century clash: guards clashed hand to hand, beating each other with stones and sticks. The incident exacerbated already tense relations between two nuclear powers. As India and China teetering in the mountains between peace and war — versed RIA Novosti.

Indian army soldiers do not go on leave, the armed forces on the border with China are in high alert. A skirmish occurred on the evening of 15 June in the Himalayas, in the Ladakh valley.

The responsibility of Beijing and new Delhi are laid on each other. The Chinese foreign Ministry protested and made a presentation. Indian foreign Ministry retorted that the Chinese had breached the agreement on the line of actual control.

The command of the Indian ground forces confirmed the death of twenty soldiers, but the circumstances are not entirely clear. Both sides refrained from using firearms. According to information from the field, Indians beat to death. Some soldiers probably fell or jumped from a great height, injured. According to Indian news Agency ANI, suffered in a skirmish 43 Chinese.

The history of confrontation between the two nuclear powers and most populated countries in the world in the highlands dates back to the early twentieth century. The boundary between the possessions of the British Empire and Tibet held there in 1914. This is the line of the McMahon — was the name of the foreign Secretary of British India.

In the 1940s India gained independence, and China regained control over Tibet and refused to recognize the line McMahon state: according to Beijing, Lhasa had no right to set their own boundaries. Therefore, the territory to the South of the border, the Chinese government considers South Tibet.

However in the 1950s the relations new Delhi and Beijing was almost cloudless and aspired to the ideal that can be expressed by the slogan of the Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru: "Indians and Chinese are brothers". But China has begun the construction of a road in the disputed territories — across a terrain of Aksai Chin. The route connected the two regions of China — Xinjiang and Tibet. Delhi is a delight not caused.

And in the fall of 1962 broke out of the Sino-Indian border war. It was not only in territorial disputes. After the failed Tibetan uprising of 1959 of Delhi granted asylum to the Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama, Beijing's hated.

The Chinese have managed to push back the Indians from the line of the McMahon, after which China unilaterally announced a cease-fire. Nehru was criticized at home for being too soft on the neighbor. Only in the 1990s China and India have given legal status line of the current control, which remains the actual border between States.

But tensions remained. In 2017, the border guards of the two countries clashed on a plateau Declam. In September, Indian and Chinese military pelted each other with stones at lake Pangong-TSO in Ladakh. And in may went hand to hand at the Outpost in Sikkim. So in the recent fight is not surprising.

Events on the border roused the Indian public. In Kolkata the Chinese Consulate, the students wing of the right-wing Hindu nationalist organization the Rashtriya swayamsevak Sangh (Union of voluntary servants of the Motherland) burned a portrait of Chinese President XI Jinping. In Delhi arrested ten demonstrators, who also protested the actions of Beijing in Ladakh.

The Prime Minister of India assured his countrymen that "the death of twenty javanow (young soldiers. — Approx. ed.) was not in vain". "For us the main thing — the unity and sovereignty of the nation. India wants peace, but if we provoke, we are able to give an adequate response," — said Narendra modi.

In China reacted to the incident cautiously. Xinhua news Agency quoted foreign Minister Wang Yi, who spoke on the phone with Indian counterpart Subramaniyam Jaishankar. The representative of Beijing said that the two sides should "enhance cooperation and coordination on the issue of conflict settlement and to jointly maintain peace and tranquility in the border areas".

"The Chinese do not try to draw attention to this incident, says senior researcher of the Center for comprehensive European and international studies Higher school of Economics Vasily Kashin. — Official media and agencies behave very correctly. But it is lighter than Indians. After all, if you believe the media, the Chinese in the fight to win: beat the enemies and leave the battlefield to yourself."

The parties are in a difficult diplomatic situation ahead of tough negotiations to de-escalate the conflict. Official Delhi will have more difficult, believes Kashin. "In India, in politics, a lot of players, the state does not control media in China. It will put pressure on the modi government, which does not forgive weakness. Moreover, it is the largest bloodshed since the time of the collision on the pass natu La in 1967," — emphasizes the expert.

According to Kashin, the essence of the dispute have not only control over the land, which is important for China road. "As the confrontation deepened, there were new claims. Obsession of China that border in 1914 spent incorrectly. No Chinese government had not signed the document on this line," he recalls.

And after the boundary in the Himalayas was for both countries the question of justice is irrational and not pragmatic interests, increasingly difficult to achieve mutual understanding, adds Cashin.

Border fight has caused such resonance including because of the position of Pakistan. "In previous outbreaks, for example, on the plateau Declam, the Pakistanis not only showed a keen interest in their media spread a number of fakes on the shootings and the victims. Even in the official media wrote that there was artillery duel. So now with reports of several deaths in the Himalayas, were perceived so acutely," says Kashin.

Senior researcher, Institute of world economy and international relations Alexei Kupriyanov, describes the theater of war in the Himalayas: "the Territory de facto sparsely populated, mountainous, rocky. Dry air, from civilians — is that some pastoralists who move back and forth. Permanent camps, none of the parties there, the boundary is not demarcated".

The terrain keeps the tension and India, and China. "Who first hit, he will have an operational advantage, at least for the first time — continues to Kupriyanov. — Countries do not trust each other. Hardly someone moving forces or begins to build the infrastructure, the enemy does the same thing."

The resolution of the conflict demands that Beijing and Delhi political courage, and of India more, says the expert. "The Indian government, which will compromise in Ladakh, is at risk to retire. Although attempts have been made. Close to the decision of the question approached Prime Minister Vajpayee in 2000, but he lost the election, and the case stalled. To negotiate with China, it is necessary to provide a stable internal situation," — said Kupriyanov.