NATO recognized Ukraine partner. But the Alliance was not invited
Ukraine became a NATO partner with enhanced capabilities. It doesn't approach Kiev to join the Alliance, but now the Ukrainian army will often have to join the military campaigns of the North Atlantic bloc. Instead, access to technology and intelligence of the West. What other countries have the same status and what it gives them, understood RIA Novosti.
"Ukraine as a NATO partner has participated in peacekeeping operations and exercises. The armed forces of this country operated in Afghanistan and Kosovo. The status of a partner with enhanced capabilities will strengthen our interoperability," explained Alliance.
The same status previously received Georgia, Finland, Australia, Jordan and Sweden. Almost all of these countries contributed to the campaign of the Alliance in different regions. And Georgia even before he became a partner sent troops to Afghanistan and Iraq.
However, neither Australia nor Finland, nor Sweden, nor, unlike Georgia and Ukraine, do not seek to join NATO. Connection with the North Atlantic bloc they are already strong.
The NATO leadership has consistently emphasized: the status of the partner does not automatically join the organization. To get into the Alliance, we must comply with many requirements and to enlist the support of all participants. Germany and France against the accession of Georgia and Ukraine, whose territorial and political disputes with neighbors. In Ukraine, the ongoing conflict in the Southeast, and Georgia does not recognize independence of Ossetia and Abkhazia.
Another criterion is the state of the economy and budget. The leadership of the Alliance there are many claims to Kiev and Tbilisi. Here and announcing the new status of Ukraine in the headquarters of the organization reminded about the problems.
"The efforts of the Ukrainian authorities to improve the situation in the sphere of security and defence remain at the centre of our attention. Most Alliance closely monitors the fight against corruption ", — said in the Alliance.
Last year in Ukraine came into force a constitutional amendment that enshrines the policy of joining NATO and the EU. Didn't help that the Alliance insists on the fulfillment of all requirements. But in the context of the armed conflict in the Donbas is impossible.
There is no consensus within the Ukrainian society. In an interview with RIA Novosti, the Ukrainian political scientist, the author of the Carnegie Moscow center Konstantin Skorkin drew attention to a recent study by the Kiev international Institute of sociology.
"Wanting to join NATO is little more than followers of non-aligned status: 41.9 per cent compared to 34.7. Supporters of the Alliance dominating the West of the country, neutrality in the East, especially the Donbass," — said Sorkin.
The expert recalled that Vladimir Zelensky received in the East considerable support. On the issue of NATO, according to skorkina, the President will have to take this into account.
Georgia hampered not only by the territorial dispute with South Ossetia and Abkhazia. The Alliance leadership believes that Tbilisi is still unable to ensure security in the strategic black sea region. Criticized the country for lack of effective political reforms. Now the Republic prepares for parliamentary elections, and the West have repeatedly accused official Tbilisi of discrimination of the opposition.
For many years, Georgian authorities asked to provide a plan of action for membership in NATO, but to no avail.
"The status of the partner was encouraging. In Tbilisi took it as an important step on the path to membership. Today, not only the army is trained according to the standards of the Alliance, it built the entire military infrastructure of the country," — said the Georgian expert Archil Sikharulidze.
While NATO is delaying the invitation, the society expressed doubts about the feasibility of participation in combat operations. "Mikhail Saakashvili believed that sending troops to Afghanistan and Iraq, will accelerate Georgia's accession into the Alliance. But the calculation is not justified. Many wonder why the Georgians risked their lives?" — adds Sikharulidze.
Finland and Sweden during the cold war remained neutral, and after the collapse of the Soviet Union adhere to the same line. Non-interference in the Affairs of the Alliance, I guess Helsinki and Stockholm, helped to avoid confrontation with Moscow. The accession of these two countries in NATO Russia would be perceived as a threat to national interests in the Baltic region.
But Finland and Sweden are considered important allies of the Alliance. In 2010, the Helsinki and Stockholm sent its troops to Afghanistan and Iraq. In the beginning of the campaign against the "Islamic state"* Finnish and Swedish military operating in the middle East.
After receiving the partner status in Finland and Sweden are involved in virtually all military exercises of the organization. NATO is arming the armies of these countries. In General, cooperation is very close. The only limitation is in case of threat to Helsinki and Stockholm will not be able to appeal to the fifth article of the Charter of the Alliance on collective security. It applies only to members of the organization.
Swedes and Finns are increasingly called upon to join NATO because of "the growing Russian threat". In 2014, in Stockholm sounded the alarm: in the territorial waters allegedly spotted the submarine. Of course, Russian. Organized a special operation. It turned out that the submarine took technical the ship.
"The Russian military threat, the Swedes feel in the entire Baltic region. And if, God forbid, something bad happens between Moscow and the Baltic republics (members of NATO), Sweden will take it exactly the same as NATO — aggression, which is necessary to answer. It is written in official documents", says Peter Topychkanov, senior researcher, Stockholm international Institute for peace studies (SIPRI).
As for Jordan and Australia, there is counting mainly on assistance from the Alliance to modernize its armed forces. The Jordanian military in partnership with NATO participated in operations against ISIS* in Syria and Iraq. And helped to stabilize the situation in the zone of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.
Australia has repeatedly joined the NATO exercises, including in the middle East. But in the long term, the Alliance hopes that Canberra will help to counter the growing power of Russia and China.
*A terrorist organization banned in Russia.