The Schengen agreement
The Schengen agreement – the agreement on simplification of passport and visa control at the borders, signed on 14 June 1985, five European countries (Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, France and Germany).
The document was signed in Schengen, a small town in Luxembourg located near the convergence of the borders of Luxembourg, Germany and France. Entered into force on 26 March 1995.
The agreement provided for a number of measures that ought to be implemented by governments and other Executive authorities of the States parties to abolish border controls and promote free movement of persons, goods and services across shared borders.
19 Jun 1990 Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, France and Germany signed the Convention implementing the Schengen agreement, defining the conditions of implementation of free movement.
The Schengen agreement 1985 and the Schengen Convention of 1990, and together have formed the Schengen law, which existed separately from European Union law.
In may 1999, entered into force the Treaty of Amsterdam amending the European Union Treaty. The contract incorporated provisions of the Convention on the introduction and application of the Schengen agreement into EU law.
The agreement entails the adoption of the Schengen rules by all EU accession States.
– the abolition of border and customs control on internal borders between the participating countries