The historian urged to cancel the decision on condemnation of the Pact in 1939
The resolution of the Congress of people's deputies of the USSR on the Soviet-German Treaty of 1939 nonaggression should be canceled, putting the role of the "ideological catalyst," which the resolution has played in the collapse of the Soviet Union, says the head of the working group of the Institute of CIS countries on counteraction to distortion of history Igor Shishkin.
Open letter in support of the bill repealing the decree of the Council of people's deputies of the USSR, condemned the Soviet-German non-aggression Pact (the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact), entered the address of the speaker of the state Duma Vyacheslav Volodin and the author of the bill Deputy Alexei Zhuravlev. The letter was signed by seven Heroes of Russia, Heroes of the Soviet Union, Heroes of Socialist labor, more than 20 doctors and candidates of historical, legal and political Sciences, and other experts.
Last week Zhuravlev submitted to the state Duma a bill which proposes to recognize as invalid the resolution of Council of people's deputies of December 24, 1989, condemning the signing of the Soviet-German non-aggression Pact of 1939. The document was published in electronic database of the lower house of Parliament.
"If we take it, we have to do for real. That is necessary not just to recognize the decision of the Congress of people's deputies of the USSR null and void, but at the same time to say that it was for the document. I believe that that decision was an organized political sabotage aimed at the destruction of the Soviet Union", - said Shishkin RIA Novosti.
He recalled that previously a permanent member of the security Council of Russia, special representative of the RF President on the issues of environmental activities, environment and transport Sergei Ivanov said that the resolution of the Congress of people's deputies with a document that served as the comprehensive disarmament of Russia to the West in the perestroika era and in 1990-e years.
"All the arguments underlying the decisions of the Congress, was legally absolutely untenable. It has long been proven that neither the Covenant nor the secret protocols did not violate any rules of international law", - the expert added.
According to Shishkin, the resolution of the Congress of people's deputies was "a political act designed to undermine the public's trust of the Soviet Union to the state." "In fact, when people reported that the winning country had collaborated with fascism, which in our country at the subconscious level is perceived as an absolute evil," - said the Agency interlocutor.
In those years the population of the country perceived as the truth all the Newspapers and misleading radio and TV, so people easily believed throwing in fakes, said Shishkin.
"Now these things someone would have taken someone there, someone immediately checked to. And then the statement of the Congress gave the impression of an exploding bomb information. And then in Newspapers and magazines were thrown out many of the fakes. For example, there are publications about the alleged pre-war cooperation of the NKVD and the Gestapo. It was later proven that it's fiction, but, by and large, these denials none but the specialists do not read" - said the Agency interlocutor.
Currently publications have appeared that review the decision of the Soviet Congress, the state Duma has no right supposedly because we are talking about another country, said Shishkin. "But it is not - in the state Duma has for this purpose all legal rights, Russia in the world recognized by pravoprimenitel of the Soviet Union. So we are talking about a review of the decision not someone else's, and of the state, and for good legal and moral grounds," - said Shishkin.
However, it is necessary to avoid the indeterminate nature of the wording in the text of the bill, said the expert. "The ruling Congress proposes to declare void on the territory of the Russian Federation. But what does it mean that the rest of the country it must remain valid? It will not give the desired effect," - said the Agency interlocutor.
The Soviet-German non-aggression Treaty (often called the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, by the names of its signatories, the foreign Ministers of the Soviet Union and Germany) was signed on 23 August 1939 in Moscow. The content of the non-aggression Pact is not at odds with international law and Treaty practice of States, adopted for such settlements.
At the same time the Treaty was signed a secret Protocol containing the delimitation of "spheres of interest" of the Soviet Union and Germany. In the area of influence of the Soviet Union entered Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Western Belarus, Western Ukraine and Bessarabia. Thus the European border of the USSR and moved significantly to the West. However, the Protocol did not envisage a change of borders of other countries in any way, including by military means.
According to professional military historians, the Pact allowed the Soviet Union to get a breather to prepare for war, strengthen its military industry and to increase the strength of the red Army. And in the initial period of the great Patriotic war the German troops were forced to attack from a much more remote frontiers. Due to this, the USSR managed to evacuate to the East are numerous industrial enterprises, and also to mobilize a division, which kept the army of the Wehrmacht at Moscow and Leningrad.
The twenty-fourth day of December 1989, the second Congress of people's deputies of the USSR (at that time the highest organ of state power in the Soviet Union) adopted, signed by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev a resolution condemning the fact of signing the secret Protocol and other secret agreements with Germany, and recognized them as legally untenable and invalid from the moment of signing. The ruling Congress was prepared by results of work of the parliamentary Commission, headed by a member of the Politburo of the CPSU Central Committee Alexander Yakovlev.
According to some historians, the ruling Congress MPs, who acknowledged a direct connection between the secret protocols and the incorporation in 1940 into the Soviet Union as Soviet republics of Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, and Moldova, created the ideological Foundation for their exit from the Soviet Union at the turn of 1980s and 1990s years and the actual collapse of the Union state.
The decision "served the cause of our diplomatic, ideological, and actual disarmament of the West in the perestroika era and in the 90s," he said in an interview with RIA Novosti in 2019, the Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Russian military-historical society, special envoy of the RF President on the issues of environmental activities, environment and transport Sergei Ivanov. The question is whether now to consider the question of the abolition of the decree, Ivanov said then that Russia, as a successor state of the Soviet Union, "certainly has the ability to do it."