"In front of them vulnerable, any Armada": what weapon has staked Russia
Compact, stealth, maneuverability and Arsenal, firepower comparable to a large armament of destroyers and cruisers in the sea is being tested, another small rocket ship project 22800 "Odintsovo". The Navy will get eighteen such MRK — they will be distributed between the Baltic, black sea and Pacific fleets. About the fighting capabilities and tactics of the rocket "kids" in the material RIA Novosti.
Small missile ships of the project 22800, or "black widow" began to develop in the 2010s, the first model introduced in 2015. According to the classification of IRAS refer to the ships of the third rank or small corvettes: length — 70 meters width — 11 meters, full load displacement — a total of 870 tons. "Widow" — the continuation of the IRS's previous generation of "Buyan-M" existing in the Baltic sea and the Caspian sea.
Due to the higher maneuverability and seaworthiness of new ships can operate not only in the shallow waters of the Caspian sea, but in the open ocean. Durable enclosures are not afraid of the most severe storms. Endurance increased to fifteen days, range up to 2500 miles.
The latest IRAS are better protected and a powerful air defense. In contrast, "brawlers", which is definitely needed cover for ground air defense systems, "Karakurt" when the air RAID can stand up for themselves. The hull and superstructure are made with the use of stealth technologies — compact silhouette is almost invisible to radar.
For monitoring surface surveillance, targeting and interaction with other ships meets radar complex "Mineral-M". Active radar system that will detect a cruiser at a distance of about 250 miles, the passive "see" even further — at a distance of 450 kilometers.
Starting with "Odintsovo", all subsequent "Widow" will be equipped with a marine version of anti-aircraft missile and artillery complex "Pantsir". Its main task is to clear the skies over IRAS from aircraft, helicopters, anti-ship missiles, reconnaissance and attack drones.
"Armor" includes two six-barreled anti-aircraft gun, capable per minute to produce up to five thousand 30-mm shells, and eight guided missiles reaching targets at ranges of up to forty kilometers. In addition, if necessary, "Karakurt" can work out "Shell" on the coastal ground targets.
Melee ships are the 76.2-mm gun mount AK-176МА and a pair of heavy machine guns "KORD".
The feature "Karakurt" is that they are able to destroy combat surface ships in cooperation with other naval forces and independently. Rocket "kids" are ready to attack critical enemy targets in the coastal zone, to prevent sabotage and terrorist operations, search and rescue crews of ships in distress, to help the guards.
Former black sea fleet commander Admiral Vladimir Komoedov said in an interview with RIA Novosti that, in comparison with the Soviet period, task the modern "mosquito" fleet added.
"They are even small missile ships can hardly be called, although they are very small, — said the Admiral. — Armed long-range missiles that can operate at the operational level and even to look into strategy if you want to destroy high-profile targets, such as objects of control."
Komoyedov stressed that the main advantage of IRAS before larger ships are compact and, consequently, visibility.
"When I commanded the black sea fleet, I have had the cruiser "Moscow" — says the commander. — Be honest: as a commander I didn't know where to hide it from strikes in a period of threat, how to save for future use. You can, of course, to get the ship into the sea, relying on its own defence capabilities and force protection, but not enough. Because it still should be used effectively".
According to the Admiral, given the geographical situation of the Russian small missile ships are ideal for local combat missions on the periphery and cover the coast.
"The open connection with the ocean, in fact, we have. The only place — from Kamchatka, explains Komoedov. North closed Faeroe-Icelandic foreign countries, Baltic and black sea fleets under control, all the Straits in the Pacific fleet, in addition to Kamchatka, too. So we have to take, to paraphrase a famous expression, and number, and ability. Now have a permanent home in Tartus. There will be a full-fledged naval base. And even the Black sea without leaving the area, these small ships and their guns can solve the problem in the Mediterranean sea".
Armament of "Karakurt", despite their modest size, envy and larger warships. The main argument is a universal vertical launcher on eight cruise missiles "Caliber" or supersonic anti-ship missiles “Onyx”.
Missiles with “Karakurt” get surface ships at a distance of five hundred kilometers. Flying on a pre-created route and due to the extremely low height of 10-15 meters above the water overcome the strong air defense system. Shoot the cruisers and destroyers can be day, night and even in conditions of electronic countermeasures.
Subsonic "ground" "Gauges" is designed to destroy targets on land, the range is 2.5 thousand kilometers. Rocket has already proved itself in the case, when small missile ships "Buyan-M" I shot them from the Caspian sea on terrorist targets in Syria.
In the coming years in the Navy have to do eighteen of "Karakurt". They are built at several plants around the country: shipyard "Pella" in St. Petersburg, the shipyards in Russia, Komsomolsk-on-Amur and Kerch. The new IRAS are made entirely from domestic components. Mastered own production of power plants.
According to the chief editor of the magazine "Arsenal Fatherland" Victor Murakhovski, the construction of boats — the echoes of Russia's obligations under the Treaty on intermediate-range and shorter-range buried the United States.
"When the INF Treaty still in effect, Russia was able to place cruise missiles, only sea and air carriers, — the expert explains. For strategic deterrence non-nuclear means has decided to increase the number of carriers of cruise missiles that is in the Navy, because the air is not so long-range and at the same time more expensive. Therefore, launched a large series of MRK with missiles family "Movement".
The first new MRK began to Baltic fleet: "Mytischi" and "Soviet" are used in connection rocket ships and boats of the Baltic naval base for several years. Now your turn "Odintsovo" — on sea trials to test its speed and maneuverability characteristics, the units, systems and knots, navigation and radio equipment. Then the crew will fire back at sea and air targets in the literal sense of the word with all guns and rocket launchers.
The Pacific fleet will receive six MRK. At the Amur shipbuilding plant is being completed "Udomlya", "Rzhev" and "Ussuriysk". Another MRK — Pavlovsk — for Toph lay in the summer. In addition, "Karakurt" to strengthen the black sea fleet — the first MRC will be part of the Association until the end of 2020.