The detention of the "freedom Flotilla" by the Israeli military (2010)
"Freedom flotilla", an international movement whose goal is a breakout of the naval blockade of the Gaza strip.
The Gaza strip – the territory on the Mediterranean sea, to the North-East of the Sinai Peninsula. Along with the West Bank of the Jordan river, the Gaza strip constitutes the State of Palestine. The Gaza strip after the coming to power of Hamas in 2007, is blockaded by Israel and Egypt. Gaza is the most densely populated area in the world, more than 40% of the population, according to the world Bank, is below the poverty line.
Within the naval blockade, Israel allows the Palestinians shipping within six miles of the coast. The naval blockade of the Gaza strip, the Israelis need to explain prevent the supply of weapons to local fighters. Human rights groups say the blockade as illegal collective punishment and has repeatedly sent to the shores of the enclave ships carrying humanitarian aid and solidarity delegations.
From 2008 to 2010, activists of "freedom Flotilla" was sent eight fleets of ships with humanitarian aid to residents of Gaza. Five times the ships reached Gaza, three times was not allowed in the sector. The campaign flotilla in may 2010 caused a wide public resonance in connection with the deaths of the Turkish activists.
30 may 2010 the humanitarian convoy "freedom Flotilla" of six ships left the coast of Cyprus to break the blockade of Gaza. In the blockaded Palestinian enclave sent at least 600 human rights activists, mostly Turkish citizens.
The action was organized by human rights defenders from Ireland, Sweden, Greece, Turkey, Algeria and Kuwait. They had intended to deliver to the Gaza strip 10 thousand tons of humanitarian cargo, including medical supplies and building materials.
Israel called the campaign "freedom Flotilla a" political provocation, senseless from a humanitarian point of view, and forbade the courts to approach the Gaza strip, threatening in case of disobedience interception in the high seas.
In the night of may 31 Israeli commandos carried out an operation to intercept the convoy in international waters of the Mediterranean sea.
As claimed by Israeli military, special forces soldiers who landed on Board the ship, attacked dozens of people armed with rods of rebar. One of the soldiers dropped from the upper deck. Commando who took part in the assault, said in an interview that some of the soldiers jumped overboard to save their lives. According to him, one of the passengers managed to seize the weapon, after which he immediately began to shoot.
According to the version of the Israeli side, the military were forced to open fire in self-defence.
During the operation killed nine members of swimming – Turkish citizens, dozens were injured. Were also injured seven Israeli soldiers have faced fierce resistance of participants of the voyage.
After the interception of the flotilla in Israeli prisons, according to the interior Ministry, were representatives of nearly 40 countries. More than half of them Turkish citizens, the rest are citizens of Australia, Azerbaijan, Algeria, Bahrain, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, great Britain, Germany, Greece, Egypt, Indonesia, Jordan, Ireland, Italy, Yemen, Canada, Kuwait, Lebanon, Mauritania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Serbia, Syria, USA, France, Czech Republic, Sweden, South Africa.
They were later deported from Israel.
The UN security Council, as well as several world powers including Russia and the EU condemned the actions of Israel that seized in international waters of the Mediterranean sea "freedom Flotilla". In several States, swept by demonstrations against the actions of the middle Eastern country.
To investigate the incident in Israel was established two commissions – internal military and "independent public". A group of military experts fully met "commando", but highlighted the pitfalls in planning and intelligence support operations. The Israeli public Commission, which was introduced by foreign observers also recognized the legitimacy of the actions of the Israeli military.
In August 2010, established the UN Commission for the investigation of the incident. In September 2011, she blamed the incident on Israel and partly Turkey, as well as the organizers of the action for the unauthorized delivery of goods in the Palestinian enclave. However, the report States that the Israeli "naval blockade was imposed as a legitimate security measure in order to prevent the delivery of weapons to Gaza by sea and its implementation meets the requirements of international law." Without exception, all goods of a humanitarian nature, according to the authors of the report are to be sent to Gaza only in the "prescribed manner" by land through consultations with the government of Israel and Palestine.
In may 2013, it was reported that the international criminal court (ICC) in the Hague will begin a preliminary inquiry into the incident with the "Flotilla of freedom", "to establish the validity of the conditions for conducting a full investigation." In November 2014, the ICC decided not to investigate the incident. The Prosecutor in the Hague ruled that the events that took place in may 2010, not ambitious enough, to fall under the jurisdiction of the court.
Israel's actions have led to a sharp deterioration in its relations with Turkey. Ankara in September 2011 have minimized diplomatic relations with Israel to the level of second Secretary and froze cooperation in the military sphere, has demanded an official apology for the incident, paying material compensation to the families of the victims of the Turks and the lifting of the blockade of Gaza.
In March 2013 Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu apologized to his Turkish counterpart Tayyip Erdogan for the events of 2010. Erdogan accepted the apology and agreed on the need to improve relations between the two countries.
To overcome the conflict, the countries of the gone six years. At the end of June 2016, Turkey and Israel signed an agreement on normalization of relations.
According to the agreement, Israel was to pay Turkey for 25 days $ 20 million compensation for the incident with the "freedom Flotilla" in 2010, which was the reason for the deterioration of relations between the two countries. In September, Israel transferred compensation for the death of Turkish citizens.
In addition to the payment of compensation by Israel, the agreement envisaged the return of ambassadors to Ankara and tel Aviv, as well as expanded opportunities for participation of Turkey in supporting the Palestinians and created conditions for intensification of bilateral economic cooperation, including in the gas sector.
Turkey, in turn, promised to pass a law that will be void of any lawsuits against Israeli soldiers and commanders involved in the operation.
In December 2016, the Istanbul court closed the case of the incident with "freedom Flotilla" in 2010 in connection with the agreement between Turkey and Israel and paying them compensation.
The material is based on information RIA Novosti and open source