The international ENCODE consortium, consisting of 500 scientists and biologists from many countries of the world announced the completion of the third phase of the global project on compilation of an encyclopedia of functional DNA elements. In 14 articles published in Nature, Nature Methods and Nature Communications, the authors summarize 17 years of experience.
The human genome contains about 20 thousand genes encoding proteins, which account for only about 1.5 percent of the DNA of the human genome.
American scientists first described through the DNA sequence of human chromosome. This is an important step towards creating a full sequence of the human genome. The results were published in the journal Nature.
Scientists from the National Institute for the study of the human genome (NHGRI), part of the National institutes of health (NIH) of the USA together with colleagues from the genomics Institute at the University of California in Santa Cruz announced the first brand bessellieu the Assembly of the DNA sequence of the human X chromosome.