The world's first industrial method for the synthesis of highly stable perovskites has been developed by scientists of the Ural Federal University. the first President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin (Urfu), together with colleagues from India. According to the authors, this opens up the possibility of efficient application of these substances, recognized by the magazine “Science” breakthrough material, energy and electronics. The results were published in the journal Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing.
Perovskites — a class of minerals with pseudokoningii crystal structure. Starting in 2012, perovskites, according to scientists, are actively studied as an extremely promising material for a number of areas, particularly for solar energy.
Scientists of the Siberian Federal University (SFU) has created a special sorbent for wastewater treatment. As explained in the press service of the University, a new sorbent based on live bacteria has the property of bio-oxidation and is able to digest components of petroleum products. This eliminates the ingress of wastewater into natural water bodies. The study is published in "IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering".
According to experts, today the technical system wastewater of many industrial enterprises, including oil refineries, need to be improved. Installed at the enterprises of oil removers designed to separate and retain hazardous pollutants, working an average of 30% of the declared efficiency, many toxicants get into the environment and cause significant environmental damage.
New technology to create artificial blood vessels that will make the treatment of acute thrombosis is much more accessible, has been developed by scientists of Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU). According to the researchers, their proposed method is more efficient and better counterparts, and almost twice cheaper. The results were published in the journal Applied Surface Science.
Artificial vessels (grafts) are popular today in the treatment of acute thrombosis. In case to restore the functionality of the vessel medically or surgically is not possible, the affected area is removed and replaced with artificial, made of polycaprolactone or other biocompatible material.
An international group of scientists experimentally tested the possibility of one of the oldest trees in the world sequoias to adapt to the climatic conditions of contemporary Western Europe. As explained by the researchers, the choice of the object is due to its unique properties: the plant grows fast, its wood does not rot, and the bark is almost no light. A report on the experiment published in the prestigious international journal Nature Springer.
According to the authors, because of its unique properties, the Sequoia is very promising for the forest industry, but its replaybility to date prevented widespread plantations of redwoods outside its natural growing habitat – Pacific coast of the United States.
A unique means of protection of agricultural plants against pathogens has been developed by scientists of the Siberian Federal University (SFU). According to the authors, the new drug will allow to avoid expensive and environmentally damaging spraying pesticides. The results of the study presented in the journal International Journal of Biological Macromolecules.
Traditional methods of crop protection, as explained by experts, involves the processing of grain, the soil and plants with chemicals several times a season. In contrast, developed in the SFU tool once placed in the soil before planting, working the entire vegetative period.
New production technology for infrared photodetector matrix has been developed by scientists of the competence Center STI "Sensation" at the National research University "MIET" (NRU MIET), reported the press service of the University. According to experts of the University, this technology will allow cameras to "see" in the infrared range like mosquitoes, some species of fish and snakes.
This feature of view allows its holders to hunt successfully in the dark or in the cold reservoirs: warm-blooded prey looks contrasting against the cooler background. Camera with such image sensors available will be able to distinguish objects in fog, dusty conditions and even behind opaque obstacles, is spoken in the message of the University.
Employees of the Baltic Federal University named Kant (Kaliningrad) intend to create a technique for a so-called touch-of-view that would enable blind people use touch to "see" the skin, reported the press service of the BFU.
"The idea of touch of view is not new, in the review of literature on this topic, I found an article in 1969 in the journal Nature, where it is experimentally proved that the image generated on the back of a man with a sensor of the plurality of vibrators may be recognized. During this experiment the person can read letters and even recognize the outlines. And this work inspired me to the idea of developing a device for the blind", - said the head of the laboratory of optical radiation science and technology Park "Fabrika" Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University Dmitry Schitz.
A diet based on buckwheat has a unique healing effect on the organism of mammals, believe the researchers of the Siberian Federal University (SFU). According to them, the use of buckwheat increases the level of the "longevity protein" SIRT1 and provides a number of other positive effects. The study is published in the Journal of Cereal Science.
Sirtuins as well — a large family of proteins involved in the formation of fat cells and glucose metabolism. Included in this family of protein SIRT1 is involved in many cellular processes, including regulating mechanisms of aging. According to scientists, high levels of SIRT1 slows aging and increases stress resistance of the organism.
Scientists of Tyumen state University (TSU) studied the training of speech therapists and concluded that experts do not learn to work with speech bilingual children. According to experts, it is necessary to develop and introduce additional training courses in the universities, where future pathologists will learn to work with these children. A scientific paper published in the journal "Modern scientist".
Researchers believe that bilingual children (bilinguals) often make mistakes in pronunciation, improperly constructed sentences and put the logical stress in the text. In addition, such a child is sometimes found stuttering and other forms of speech disorders. The problem is exacerbated by the fact that Russia is increasing the number of bilingual children, as a stable socio-economic situation in some regions of the country, including in the Tyumen region attracts migrants from other countries.
Scientists of Tyumen state University (TSU) as part of the research team showed that fertilizer on the basis of widespread clay mineral glauconite has a stimulating effect on soil indicators and crop yields for at least two field seasons. According to the researchers, it proves its environmental safety and prolonged effect. The study is published in highly ranked journal "Agronomy".
Field experiments on the cultivation of oats (Avena sativa) in slightly acidic soils with application of mineral additive of natural glauconite was conducted by a team of scientists of Tyumen state University, Tomsk Polytechnic University, Indian Institute of technology Bombay and Siberian research Institute of agriculture and peat.
Scientists of the South Ural state University (SUSU) discovered that the extract of common weeds — Bidens pilosa is a promising source of enzymes for the food industry. According to the authors obtained a series of substances may be available herbal alternative to expensive enzymes required in winemaking and cheesemaking. The study is published in the journal International Journal of Scientific and Technology.
Research South Ural state University scientists showed that an extract from the pulp of the leaves of Bidens pilose (Bidens pilosa L.) accelerates the cleavage of peptide bonds of protein, making it suitable for the production of various biologically active substances, in particular of the tyrosine part of proteins of all living organisms and was first isolated from cheese in 1846.
Scientists from St. Petersburg Polytechnic University Peter the Great (SPbSPU), together with colleagues from Tsinghua University (China) developed a new method of diagnosing diseases based on the analysis of laser light scattering in blood serum. The results of the study were published in first quartile Biology publisher MDPI.
As explained in Spbpu, this method is fast, non-contact, safe, does not require the use of expensive reagents. These benefits, according to scientists, will allow it to be used in screening studies of blood, for example, in the framework of dispanserization.
Scientist of the South Ural state University (SUSU) Igor Czechoslov as part of an international team of researchers from Kazakhstan, Russia and the USA have discovered the earliest evidence of the use of horses for horsemen in the bronze age, according to the University.
The article on the results of a multidisciplinary study of the burial of horses published in one of the most prestigious journals of the first quartile Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports.
Scientists of the South Ural state University (SUSU) in Chelyabinsk has identified effective drugs against coronavirus, according to the University.
Under the guidance of head of laboratory, candidate of chemical Sciences Vladimir Potemkin, the researchers reportedly analyzed the famous drugs that can fight the new type of coronavirus. The team decided to focus on the drugs listed in DrugBank database. Their more than eight thousand, and each is widely known in the world and approved by, for example, the Federal medical-biological Agency of Russia, Rospotrebnadzor, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) of the United States.
Scientists from St. Petersburg Polytechnic University Peter the Great (Spbpu) found and theoretically explained a new physical effect, the essence of which consists in the possibility of growth of the amplitude of mechanical vibrations of an object without any external influence. In addition, they suggested that if the paradox of Fermi-Pasta-Ulam-Tsingou.
In SPbSPU is explained by a simple example: to rock the swing, they need to constantly push. It was believed that without continual external influence to achieve vibrational resonance is impossible.
A new method of making composite metal powder has been developed by scientists of the South Ural state University (SUSU). The authors argue that their method allows to reduce production waste and improve the quality of electrical products and, as a consequence, to increase production efficiency by 30%. The study is published in journal Metallurgist.
A team of scientists of the University presented a unique method and design of the mixer to prepare a powder of composite materials based on graphite, coke and the polymeric component. The new method will improve the quality of the finished raw materials for the subsequent pressing process and to reduce waste production in nuclear energy, aviation and space industry, metallurgy and electric transport.
Scientists from Tyumen and Kazan found that wage growth in the European regions of Russia significantly affects migration in the far North, told RIA Novosti at the Tyumen state University (TSU).
According to the researchers, one of the reasons for negative migration growth of the population in the far North may be closing the gap in wages between the North and other areas of the country, including the regions of Central and southern Russia, where the salary for the last 15 years have grown faster.
Economical and environmentally friendly method of disposal of waste from drilling wells has been developed by scientists of the Tyumen industrial University (TIU). According to the authors, their development will help considerably to reduce the toxic environmental impact of oil production on land. About it reported in a press-service of the University.
When drilling oil wells, as explained by the experts, they injected a special saline solutions, water-or oil-based. Out of the hole, breed with such additives are toxic for the environment, and the elimination of contamination is more than ten years.
Professor-researcher at the Institute of living systems of the Baltic Federal University named Kant (Kaliningrad) Liudmila Matskova, together with colleagues from China have proposed a method of detecting kidney cancer at an early stage on the basis of molecular biology techniques that will improve the effectiveness of treatment of this disease, reported the press service of the BFU.
Kidney cancer in most cases are asymptomatic, and clinical manifestations occur mainly in the later stages, when the treatment is ineffective. The average life expectancy of these patients is limited to a period of five years. It is therefore important to find ways to "detect" the beginning of tumor growth as early as possible. Now scientists have found that in cells of kidney cancer compared to their healthy "brothers" are decidedly less protein 4 cadherin – molecules, whose function is to "consolidate" normal cells together.
Effect of magnetic nanoparticles on cancer cells human liver studied by the researchers of Baltic Federal University (BFU) to them. Kant and nust "MISIS". According to the authors, their study may improve the treatment of cancer. The results published in the journal "Nano Сonvergence".
Thanks to its unique properties, magnetic nanoparticles can be used in theranostics diagnosis and personalized treatment of oncological diseases, and also be an effective contrast agent for MRI in the examination and visualization of tumors.
Employees of the Samara national research University named after Sergey Korolev found that the pulsed magnetic field increases the effect of a drug pentoxifylline, which a number of scholars regarded as medications to prevent dangerous complications coronavirus infection, reported the press service of the University.
One of the extremely dangerous complications coronavirus infection is thrombosis (blockage by blood clots) of pulmonary artery. Pentoxifylline reduces blood viscosity, prevent aggregation ("bonding") of blood cells - trombotsitov and blood clots and increases the concentration of oxygen in the tissues.
The satellite observations that will improve the design and maintenance of road infrastructure, created by scientists of the Tyumen industrial University (TIU). According to them, the system not only processes data faster and more accurately than their counterparts, but also more economical to operate more than 400 times. The results were published in the journal IOP Conference Series Materials Science and Engineering.
During operation, the design and reconstruction of various road projects — streets and highways, intersections, bridges and interchanges — regularly have problems, the solution of which, as explained, scientists TIU, requires collecting and analyzing huge amount of data on the road network.
Cholera, Spanish flu, smallpox, the plague – humanity is not the first time confronted with large-scale epidemic. Many write in the history books, but what if you look a little further? Do you know something about the epidemics of the stone age? As the ancient people cope with the disease? These and other issues, RIA Novosti said the anthropologist, doctor of historical Sciences, academician of RAS, Director of Scientific research Institute and Museum of anthropology Moscow state University. M. V. Lomonosov (MSU) Alexander bojilova.
Today, according to experts, actively conducts research to understand what infections have been infected by people of the stone age. Thanks paleogenetics, new data on the existence of plague in some ancient Eurasian societies in the period of transition from the stone age to the bronze age.
Scientists of the South Ural state University (SUSU) has created the world's first experimental model of severe mental state of a person – complex PTSD (C-PTSD). The development will help to create and test medications for the treatment of the disease. Results published in the scientific journal psychoneuroendocrinology is.
According to experts, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a severe mental condition arising from events that had a powerful negative impact on the psyche. This can be the situation is life threatening, receiving serious injury or sexual violence.
Scientists of the South Ural state University (SUSU) found a method using neural networks to improve handling smart car shock absorbers to improve the ride of the car. Results published in the journal Energies.
Today, many motorists choose cars with adjustable suspension that adapts to any type of road surface. Adaptive suspension dampers significantly improve the smoothness of the car, its comfort and handling stability, driving safety.
Scientists of the Siberian Federal University (SFU) and the Institute of forest named after V. N. Sukachev from Krasnoyarsk have created a software that allows faster than anyone in the world to measure cell growth rings of trees of coniferous species, have informed RIA of news in SFU.
Quantitative wood anatomy is the area of dendroecology, exploring cellular structure of wood, the structural characteristics of individual cell types and their combinations, the microscopic study of processes in living cells. To explore the cellular structure of the wood samples after treatment with special chemical reagents are cut into layers of a few microns using the instrument of the microtome, equipped with the sharpest blades.