The brightest over the past seven years the comet C/2020 F3 (NEOWISE) can be seen in the sky from the Earth approximately one week, then it will already be hard to see, told RIA Novosti on Monday, the engineer training Observatory Ural Federal University (Urfu) Vladilen Sanakoev.
C/2020 F3 (NEOWISE) is a comet, discovered on 27 March 2020 infrared space telescope NEOWISE. Previously it aboard the International space station took a picture of the Russian cosmonaut Ivan Wagner. According to the astronaut, it is the brightest for the last seven years, the comet.
Cabin in the Russian new module "Nauka", launched to the International space station is planned in 2021, will protect the astronaut from the radiation in the centimeter aluminum plate, told RIA Novosti head of the Department of radiation safety of manned space flight Institute of biomedical problems of RAS Vyacheslav Shurshakov.
Sending module "Science" at the Baikonur cosmodrome is scheduled for July 21-23 and the launch of the carrier rocket "proton-M" - in the spring and summer of 2021.
The start of the Russian carrier rocket "Soyuz-ST" with the satellite of optical-electronic surveillance UAE Falcon Eye 2 from Kourou in French Guiana is planned in mid-October, according to the website of the German centre for air and space DLR.
The launch was scheduled in early March, but was delayed due to problems with the upper stage "Fregat", which was replaced with a spare. However, in mid-March, the Kourou space centre temporarily closed due to pandemic coronavirus, therefore, according to the RIA Novosti source in the rocket and space industry, the launch of Falcon Eye 2 was postponed to 17 October.
Specialists conducted the orbit of the International space station, flight altitude is reduced by almost one kilometer for docking cargo vehicle "Progress MS-15", according to Roscosmos.
Initially, the correction was planned for the 10th of July, the altitude was going to increase to 480 meters. But plans changed after the ISS had to make an unplanned evasive action of debris - shatter stage of the Russian rocket "proton", launched in 1987.
The launch of Falcon 9 with a group of Internet-satellites Starlink, which was scheduled for Saturday, is cancelled again, the company said SpaceX.
"Cancel today's launch of the tenth mission Starlink to give more time to check
The explosion on the ship "Apollo 13" during the flight to the moon, saved the unmanaged orbital station "Salyut-7", the fire on the Mir station and RAM the cargo ship "Progress", according to RIA Novosti, among the five most serious emergencies in manned space exploration. In contrast to disasters in the Soviet spacecraft "Soyuz-1 and Soyuz-11" and the American "Challenger" and "Columbia" video, thanks to the professionalism of the astronauts and ground experts, led to the death of the crew.
"Apollo 13" was the third ship that went to the moon with the goal of landing astronauts on its surface. The launch of a spacecraft with crew James Lovell, John Swigert and Fred Haise took place on 11 April 1970.
The height of the orbit of the International space station on Saturday, it is planned to reduce a kilometer before the arrival of the cargo ship "Progress MS-15", informed RIA Novosti the representative of the press service of the Roscosmos.
The height of the orbit of the station wanted to raise to 480 metres, on 10 July, but after the unscheduled evasive maneuvers ISS 3 July from the chip stage of the Russian rocket "proton", launched in 1987, plans were changed.
Problem when you first start the Chinese solid-fuel carrier rocket "Queijo-11", led to the accident, the mission is considered a failure, according to China Central television.
The launch took place on Friday at 12.17 local time (07.17 MSK) from the spaceport of Jiuquan in Gansu province.
Two spacewalks for NASA astronauts Robert Behnken and Christopher Cassidy is scheduled to perform aboard the International space station in mid-July, reported by NASA.
Earlier in the year 2020 has already held five outlets in the us program.
Astrophysical space Observatory Gamma-400 for monitoring gamma-ray sources in the Universe is scheduled to be launched by the carrier rocket "Angara" from the cosmodrome "East", told RIA Novosti scientific project Manager, chief researcher of the physics Institute Arkady'per.
In April the General Director of NPO Lavochkin, Vladimir Kolmykov told RIA Novosti that the launch of the Observatory is planned in 2030.
Cargo ship "Progress MS-13", set sail from the International space station on Wednesday, de-orbited and destroyed in the atmosphere, Roscosmos said.
The ship "Progress MS-13" with goods arrived on the ISS in December 2019. The crew unloaded it and filled with debris. The ship undocked from the Pirs module of the Russian segment of the station on 8 July.
Another carbon filter is installed in the U.S. segment of the International space station with the aim of reducing concentrations of toxic benzene in the air, said NASA.
"The crew installed a backup carbon filter to ensure additional purification of the atmosphere to further reduce the level of benzene on the ISS," - said on the NASA website.
Three American astronauts and Russian cosmonaut Anatoly Ivanishin, located on the International space station, spent an hour inside the spacecraft Crew Dragon, Elon musk, to evaluate its comfort, said NASA.
The spacecraft Crew Dragon with a crew of two flew to the ISS in late may. This is his first manned test flight is expected to last until early August.
Booster heavy class "Angara-A5" will be transferred to the defense Ministry in July, told reporters the General Director of "Rosatom" Dmitry Rogozin during his visit to Perm JSC "proton-PM".
"This month the Moscow rocket factory Center. M. V. Khrunichev delivers a flying car military, now execute all documents. The rocket is ready. Expect it in the coming weeks, sent to the spaceport in Plesetsk defense Ministry", — he said.
The Russian carrier rocket heavy class "Angara-A5" is second only to the rocket, Elon musk, Falcon 9, but excels by its technical characteristics, all the other carriers in the world, said in an interview with RIA Novosti's former Director General (2005-2012) and chief designer (2009-2014) of the center of Khrunichev (manufacturer of the carrier rocket "Angara") Vladimir Nesterov.
According to Nesterov, in his time, he appealed to the leadership of the Roscosmos with the idea to start the test return of rocket blocks, but in connection with the change of leadership of the Federal space Agency and following his departure from the Khrunichev Center, the idea has not received development.
NASA has identified more than 80 problems requiring revision in the created by Boeing piloted spaceship Cockpit, the date of his re test flight is still not defined, reported by NASA on Tuesday.
In December 2019, the ship Cockpit made its first test flight without a crew. For technical reasons, its docking with the ISS was cancelled. A few months later, after a failed test, the Deputy head of NASA for manned spaceflight Douglas Loverro said that the results of its first unmanned flight Starliner experts have identified more than 60 of the issues. He noted that the ship could double to lose.
Creating laboratory conditions of extremely strong magnetic field, scientists have shown that shock waves in it stretched in one direction. This explains the non-spherical shape of supernova remnants. The results were published in the Astrophysical journal.
When the life of a star ends in a supernova explosion, the shock waves from her spread in the environment at a distance of thousands of light years. With a uniform scattering power in all directions, the supernova remnants, in accordance with all the models must be spherically symmetric. However, observations show that most of them or axisymmetric barrel-shaped, i.e. elongated along a single axis and not a spherical.
Power supply unit refused outside of the American segment of the International space station, is scheduled to be replaced by a new one with the manipulator, said NASA.
As noted on the website space Agency, the failure of the remote control unit power supply happened on 1 July. This unit provides power to one of the computers outside the station.
Analysis of white dwarfs in the milky Way and other galaxies showed that stars of this class can be an important source of carbon — an element necessary for life. The study is published in the journal Nature Astronomy.
All the carbon atoms in the Universe were created by fusion of three helium atoms. But astrophysicists are still arguing, stars what are the primary carbon source.
Three communication satellites "Gonets-M" is ready to be shipped to the Plesetsk cosmodrome, said the company "Information satellite systems named after Reshetnev" ("ISS" enterprise "Roscosmos").
In late June, a source in the rocket and space industry told RIA Novosti that in 2020, from Plesetsk is planned to start six "Messenger-M" - three for launch vehicles "Soyuz-2.1 b" in September and November-December. Prior to this "Messenger-M" in orbit rockets "Rokot".
USA have a supply of Russian RD-180 engines for launches of its rockets Atlas-5 years ahead, and it is unclear whether they are still of their order, told RIA Novosti the head of the space policy Institute Ivan Moiseev.
Liquid rocket engine RD-180 NPO "Energomash" used in the first stage of the rocket Atlas-5. In the United States to replace the Atlas-5 rocket being developed by Vulcan, at the first step which will be installed engines of the BE-4 company Blue Origin. On Saturday it became known about the delivery of the first test of the engine BE-4.
A military expert from the Institute of CIS countries Vladimir Evseev said, which can lead to the refusal of the US the Russian rocket engines RD-180.
In an interview with the newspaper "Evening Moscow", the expert called the move of the Americans is purely political, while noting its inevitability.
The astronauts who were selected and training and was allowed to fly, unknown to claustrophobia, but the orbit may develop fatigue from the enclosed space, said Russian cosmonaut Ivan Wagner.
"There is no such that there was a strong desire to go out ... there is more accumulated fatigue from a closed space," he said during a linkup with the ISS.
To draw in zero gravity is difficult, as well as to comply with your handwriting when writing, said from aboard the International space station Russian cosmonaut Ivan Wagner.
"In weightlessness to do (draw - ed.), in fact, difficult. Even the handwriting is to observe and to write properly in zero gravity is more difficult than on Land," he said during the broadcast on the YouTube channel "Roscosmos TV".
Russian cosmonaut Ivan Wagner was photographed from aboard the International space station the brightest for the last seven years the comet.
"The next wave tried a bit closer to photograph the brightest for the last seven years the comet C/2020 F3 (NEOWISE)", - he wrote on his Twitter page, accompanied the message with the comet.
The United Launch Alliance announced on Twitter that he had received from the first Blue Origin rocket engine BE-4, designed to replace the Russian RD-180.
The Assembly is not serial, it will be used for testing together with a carrier, a spokesman for Blue Origin portal Space News.
The orbit of the International space station unscheduled adjusted to avoid potential debris, said to RIA Novosti in the press service of the Roscosmos.
There said that now the ISS crew consisting of the cosmonauts, "Roscosmos" Anatoly Ivanishin and Ivan Wagner, as well as NASA astronaut Christopher Cassidy, Douglas Hurley and Robert Behnken works on the planned program.
Russian scientists abandoned the idea to create the Russian segment of the International space station full medical module, as the station will serve not very long, said in an interview with RIA Novosti Director of the Institute of biomedical problems (IBMP) of RAS Oleg Orlov.
Currently, the operation of the ISS extended to 2024. Countries participating in the project are now discussing a possible extension to 2028 or even up to 2030. Experts believe that it is technically feasible.
Russia refused to place a sauna on the International space station, said in an interview with RIA Novosti Director of the Institute of biomedical problems (IBMP) of RAS Oleg Orlov.
"The Institute in its expert conclusion to the preliminary design of the NEM (Scientific-energy module - ed.) pointed out about the necessity of establishing sanitary-hygienic zone as part of the NEM, including the cabin heat treatments (sauna), but this suggestion was not accepted," - said Orlov.
The organizers of a series of experiments on the isolation of the crew for flight simulation on the moon are still going to spend some of the annual experiments, but the intervals between them will make shorter than originally planned, said in an interview with RIA Novosti Director of the Institute of biomedical problems (IBMP) of RAS Oleg Orlov.
"Our intentions with respect to subsequent annual insulations remain in force. Moreover, we want as much as possible to condense the schedule. Therefore, preparations for the first annual experiment will start in the end of this year, in order to minimize the period between the end of the 8-month and year-to isolation," said Orlov, answering the question, what has changed with the plans of the Institute after the transfer of the 8-month stage.
Supporting infrastructure, including social facilities and means of rescue system of the crew during manned launches of the new spacecraft "eagle" on the carrier rocket "Angara" will be built on East by 2025, said RIA Novosti in the press service of the Roscosmos.
It specified that the pad under the rocket "Angara-A5" and about 40 large, unique engineering structures will be built before the end of 2022. Start "Angara" with the ship "eagle" is scheduled for the end of 2023, after the tests of technological equipment.
Cargo ship "Progress MS-13" will depart from the International space station on 8 July and several hours later will be reduced from low-earth orbit, told RIA Novosti the representative of the press service of the Roscosmos.
The ship "Progress MS-13" with goods arrived on the ISS in December 2019. The crew unloaded it and filled with debris.
The continued construction of the launch infrastructure at the Vostochny space centre for rocket "Angara" by 2025 due to the need of its preparation for the manned launch, said RIA Novosti in the press service of Roscosmos.
"We are talking about other objects of the second turn under the start with the crew in 2025," - said the Corporation.
The cost of one launch of the carrier rocket from the cosmodrome "Sea launch" is estimated to be worth 3.8 to 5 billion rubles, according to the materials of the experts of "Rosatom", compiled by courtesy of "Roscosmos" data that was read by RIA Novosti.
Earlier it was reported about the possible purchase of a complex of the state Corporation "Rosatom".
Deputy Director of the space research Institute of RAS, Deputy scientific Director of the astrophysical space Observatory "Spektr-RG" Michael pavlinski died in the 61 year of his life, said leading researcher of the Institute Oleksiy Vikhlinin.
"Sad news from Moscow. Mike Pavlinsky died earlier today (July 1 edition)... the Years of overwork and stress led to the loss of... Without Misha "Spektr-RG" wouldn't happen", - he said on his Twitter page.
Enterprise of Rosatom state Corporation "State research center of Russian Federation "Troitsk Institute of innovative and thermonuclear research" (TRINITY) ordered work on the selection of equipment for testing of the prototype space plasma rocket engine, to be of open materials on the procurement website.
Plasma engine — a kind of electric rocket engine (ERD), the consumable substance which is accelerated in the plasma state (ionized gas). Unlike liquid engines, the systems are not designed for output loads into orbit, because they can only work in a vacuum and are now used, for example, to keep the satellites on the so-called point of standing. In addition, by reducing the reserves of the working fluid at a relatively high speed of expiration, they are considered as a possible way to make fast space travel.
Postponed from March due to a detected marriage of the rocket-carrier "proton-M" from Baikonur with the telecommunications satellite "Express-80" and "Express-103" planned for 30 July, reported RIA Novosti the representative of the press service of the Roscosmos.
This will be the only launch of "Proton" in 2020. Earlier this year was planned the launch of "Proton" with the Russian-European Mars ExoMars landing station, but it was postponed to 2022. In addition, for 2021 have moved the launch on Proton module "Nauka" for the International space station.
Canadian astronaut Christopher Hadfield said that in honor of him called a new species a mining bee - Andrena hadfieldi.
"My mother always hoped that I would be someone. Allow me to introduce the beginner Andrena hadfieldi" he said on his Twitter page.
During observations on the Very Large telescope (VLT) the European southern Observatory (ESO) astronomers have discovered the loss of unstable massive stars in dwarf galaxy Kinman. Scientists suggest glitter star could fall sharply as it disappeared behind a cloud of dust. There is another explanation: star collapsed into a black hole without the formation of a supernova. The study is published in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.
Between 2001 and 2011, different groups of astronomers studied a mysterious massive star located in the dwarf galaxy Kinman. Observations showed that the star is in a late stage of its evolution.
Parade of planets, which will be held almost the whole of July, to be observed in full: the Sun eclipsed by mercury, and Uranus and Neptune are not visible to the naked eye, told RIA Novosti the scientific Director of Moscow planetarium Faina Rublev.
"Uranus with Neptune from a distance with the naked eye is generally not visible. Saturn, Jupiter and Mars will be visible at night. The ground we don't see because they are on her. Venus is visible, but only in the morning and the mercury is in inferior conjunction, that is near the Sun it outshines it," said Rublev.
Space center Khrunichev produces rocket "Angara-A5" at a loss, should be released "Roscosmos" information, told RIA Novosti expert in the field of cosmonautics in Russia, Vadim Lukashevich.
Informed of the financial report of the Khrunichev Centre, it became known that the cost of manufacturing of the carrier rocket heavy class "Angara-A5" is 7 billion rubles. Thus, the Ministry of defense of the missile to continue flight tests sold at a price less than 5 billion rubles for a single missile, said, commenting on the financial report of subsidiaries "Roscosmos".
The navigation satellite "GLONASS-M", which spent ten years instead of seven provisions, it is planned to replace on the backup spacecraft in August, reported information-analytical centre of coordinate-time and navigation support TsNIIMash (research Institute head of "Roscosmos").
Previously, the replacement of the satellite "GLONASS-M" with the system number 731 on the same backup device with the number of 735 due to failure of the onboard frequency standards, told RIA Novosti source in the space industry.
United shipbuilding Corporation could upgrade floating cosmodrome "Sea launch", the required technology has been gained, said the General Director of the USC Alexey Rakhmanov.
"Sea launch", if we will allow him to finish - the Americans, you know, put a bunch of restrictions on its use and its capabilities. It seems to me that we have so far many have been able to develop naval technologies that the organization runs with this platform or something like that this platform would be quite a good element in the development of our space capabilities," he told reporters.
Reducing the cost of production of the rocket "Angara-A5" from 7 to 4 billion is not possible, said RIA Novosti member of the Russian Academy of cosmonautics named after Tsiolkovsky, chief analyst of the Association "Digital transport and logistics" Andrei Ionin.
Informed of the financial report of the Khrunichev Centre, it became known that the cost of manufacturing of the carrier rocket heavy class "Angara-A5" is 7 billion rubles, that is three times longer than flying from the Soviet era to the Proton the same capacity. By 2024 it is planned to reduce the cost to 4 billion. Roskosmos explained that the high cost stems from the fact that its Assembly is carried out in two cities - Moscow and Omsk, as well as boxed by the manufacturer. After the transfer of all production in Omsk and move to mass production price of the missile, as promised in the Corporation's approach to the market.
Russian rocket "Angara" has both disadvantages and the obvious advantages, but unattractive to the commercial market it does not its high price, said RIA Novosti the head of one of the expert organizations of the cosmic sphere of Russia, Institute of space policy Ivan Moiseev.
"The main thing is not the price. It is possible, in principle, to play on the prices, reset them temporarily to enter the market. In certain cases, why not? For commercial success it is necessary to demonstrate reliability, it needs a lot of flights, and Angara flies infrequently. All plans are moved out of the way," said Moses.
Toxic benzene in the air on the International space station was first discovered in April, reported the American specialized site nasaspaceflight.com.
To increase the concentration of benzene in the atmosphere of the ISS, not exceeding the maximum allowable normal and non-threatening to the crew, in Roscosmos told RIA Novosti in may. The source of benzene is still not found.
NASA astronaut Christopher Cassidy during a spacewalk aboard the International space station lost badge mirror, it fell off from the suit and sailed out of the station, reported the American specialized site spaceflightnow.com.
Friday Cassidy with astronaut Robert Behnken made out for replacement of batteries in the power supply system of the American segment of the ISS on new, imported Japanese cargo ship HTV-9 in may.
Procedure with EVAs does not require special training, unlike of there work, so tourists will just let it come out and let them "hang out", said RIA Novosti NASA astronaut Jeffrey Hoffman.
Earlier this week, RSC Energia announced the signing of a contract with Space Adventures flight on two tourists on the "Union" to the ISS in 2023. It was reported that one of the tourists may perform the first ever spacewalk from the station along with Russian cosmonaut. As stated by the President of Space Adventures Eric Anderson, several tourists expressed a desire to make a spacewalk, but the contract neither one of them is not signed yet.
NASA astronauts Chris Cassidy and Bob Behnken made Friday's planned spacewalk to upgrade the power supply system of the station, NASA will broadcast live.
The output of Behnken and Cassidy in the spacewalk officially began at 14.37 GMT - at the moment of switching their spacesuits to battery power supply. It is planned that the astronauts will remain on the external surface of the station approximately 6.5 hours. They will continue to work on the replacement of obsolete batteries for the power station when it is in the shadows, the new lithium ion batteries.
Space tourist, who wished to 2023 to go into space aboard the Russian segment of the ISS will not be able to act outside of the ISS without long workouts, and everywhere will have to accompanied by an experienced astronaut, told RIA Novosti, cosmonaut, Hero of Russia, the record for total time spent in space (878 days) Gennady Padalka.
Thursday, RSC Energia announced the signing of a contract with Space Adventures flight on two tourists on the "Union" to the ISS in 2023. It is planned that one of the tourists will make first-ever spacewalk from the station along with Russian cosmonaut.
The first space tourist who is willing to go into space in 2023, will undergo additional training, but it is not known how long it will last, told RIA Novosti in the office of Space Adventures.
"Which will come out, he's training for a while longer... None of the participants of a space flight into space has not yet been, so to say, how much time it will take, we can not" - said the Agency interlocutor.
The European ground station for the first time in the history of the received scientific data from the Russian spacecraft, they became the "Spektr-RG", said on Thursday "Roscosmos".
"In the spring of this year, the Russian ground stations normally used to communicate with "Spectrum-RG", were unfavorable for the reception of the location due to their geographical coordinates. To the rescue came the experts of the Network of ground stations ESA ... This is the first case when the ground station ESA has taken scientific data from Russian spacecraft", - said in a release.
Scientists explained why the reverse side of the moon differs from Earth with the visible part, according to the portal Eurekalert.
This became known in the mid-twentieth century, when the Soviet Union managed to get the first pictures of "dark side of the moon." Previously, astronomers believed that visible from our planet of the dark "spots" on the moon are traces of dried up seas and oceans ("Maria" — "the sea" in Latin). They also assumed that the same marks covered and the reverse side of the moon, but in the end, both assumptions were incorrect.
Small satellite Red-Eye-3 in the interests of the office of advanced research projects U.S. Department of defense DARPA launched from the International space station, said NASA.
Last Thursday the station was launched into orbit on the same spacecraft Red-Eye-2.
The Dragon Crew vehicle, delivering to the International space station two NASA astronauts in may, will return to Earth in early August, said at a press briefing, Deputy program Manager commercial flights NASA Stephen Stich.
"We plan to return in early August... at the earliest – 2 - August," said Stich.
Russian cosmonaut Oleg Artemyev gave the space Museum a copy of the Victory banner, which was with him on the International space station in 2018, broadcast the handover ceremony was going on in the social networks of the Museum.
Artemyev deployed this banner during his second flight to the ISS along with another Russian cosmonaut Anton by shkaplerov may 9, 2018. On a banner signed by both astronauts, print station, the date of the action and the date when the banner came to the station.
Ukraine and Italy refused to participate in the establishment of astrophysical space Observatory Gamma-400, designed to observe gamma-ray sources in the Universe, the telescope will be purely Russian, told RIA Novosti scientific project Manager, chief researcher of the physics Institute Arkady'per.
In April the General Director of NPO Lavochkin, Vladimir Kolmykov told RIA Novosti that the launch of the Observatory is planned in 2030.
Search of source of toxic benzene in the atmosphere of the International space station will resume in late July, after delivery the new American analyzer air on the Russian cargo ship "Progress", told RIA Novosti source in the space industry.
On Tuesday, NASA announced that the search for the source of benzene had to stop due to the failure of the American device for determining air quality AQM-1 when carrying out measurements in the Russian segment of the ISS.
Small satellite Red-Eye-3 in the interests of the office of advanced research projects U.S. Department of defense DARPA is scheduled to launch aboard the International space station (ISS) in the night of Wednesday, said NASA.
Last Thursday, NASA said on the launch into orbit aboard the station, the same spacecraft Red-Eye-2.
Project Breakthrough Listen to search for signs of intelligent life in the Universe announced the release of a catalogue of Exotica, including a complete list of objects that can be linked to man-made signals. The results of the study in the form of a Preprint published on the website of the University of California at Berkeley.
The search for extraterrestrial intelligence has long been seen as a serious scientific problem. In the framework of the global program SETI (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence) entrepreneur Yuri Milner in 2016 launched a project Breakthrough Listen — initiative to search for signs of intelligent life in the Universe in thesignature — potentially man-made signals.
Prototypes of the parachute system for the spacecraft "eagle" is created and tested, let me know in an interview RIA Novosti adviser of the General Director of holding "Technoceramica" (included in rostec) Sergey Khursevich.
The development of a new Russian spacecraft "eagle" (formerly known as "Federation") for missions to the moon is from 2009. The first test launch of the unmanned variant was listed in the plans for 2015 and the first manned flight was planned for 2018. But then the plans changed.
China on Tuesday made a successful launch of the carrier rocket "Changzheng-3B" with the 55-th satellite to the newly created China's global navigation system, Beidou, is spoken in the message of the Chinese Corporation aerospace science and technology (CASC).
The launch took place on Tuesday at 9.43 am local time (4.43 GMT) from Baikonur Xichang in Sichuan province in southwest China. The satellite successfully entered the preset orbit, thus completing the formation of the Beidou system, it will work together with other devices running earlier after adjusting for Beidou orbit and conduct a series of tests.
Search of source of toxic benzene in the atmosphere of the International space station ended in failure due to the failure of the American analyzer of air when carrying out measurements in the Russian segment, NASA said.
Previously, the Agency said that the exchange between Russian and American segments of the ISS ceased to search for a source of benzene, with measurements performed in the Russian segment using the device for determining the air quality AQM-1.
Russia has started the development of its first-ever mission to land astronauts on the lunar surface, said in an interview with RIA Novosti chief designer for the development of a new spacecraft, the "eagle" is designed for missions to the moon, Igor Hamic.
Earlier it was reported that the landing of the Russian cosmonauts on the surface of Earth's natural satellite is planned in 2030.
New Russian spacecraft "eagle" will receive only the new system, any equipment used in the Soyuz spacecraft, it will not, said in an interview with RIA Novosti chief designer for the development of a manned transport ship the new generation Igor Hamic.
"In the composition of the onboard equipment of the "eagle" system of the "Union" is not exactly plan to use it," he said.
Several areas on the territory of Russia is defined for the planting of a new manned spacecraft "eagle" returning from the moon and the International space station, said in an interview with RIA Novosti chief designer of the ship Igor Hamic.
"Preliminary analysis and identified a number of areas of the landing craft South of the latitude of 51.6 degrees in Russia. The generated source data for requirements in these areas," he said.
New Russian spacecraft "eagle" in the event of a launch accident will be able to land in the ocean, told in an interview with RIA Novosti chief designer for the development of a manned transport ship the new generation Igor Hamic.
He noted that after such emergency landing, the astronauts will be safe to wait for rescuers to within two days.
American scientists proved that in the initial stages on Pluto and other large Kuiper belt objects exist with liquid oceans, which are then frozen. The study is published in the journal Nature Geoscience.
Traditionally it was believed that Pluto, located far from the Sun, originally appeared as a ball of rock and ice, which gradually warmed up under the influence of radioactive decay in the core. As a result, under the surface of the dwarf planet melted the ice formed an underground ocean. This so-called scenario "cold start".
Russian hydrometeorological satellite "Electro-L" number 2 made the passage of the shadow of the annular solar Eclipse on the earth's surface, dynamic image published in the microblog of "Roscosmos" on Twitter.
As previously reported by the Moscow planetarium, annular solar Eclipse, when the Moon completely covers the Sun, were able to observe 21 June in the Central African Republic, Congo and Ethiopia, to the South of Pakistan and Northern India, and China. With Russia it was possible to see only a partial Eclipse, when the Moon covers the Sun completely.
"Roscosmos" in the near future can begin the formation of the holding company on the basis of rocketry Rocket-space Corporation "Energy", in this case, the acting General Director of "Energy" Igor Ozar will lead the integrated structure, told RIA Novosti source in the space industry.
"Will be headed by an integrated structure of a newly appointed head of the "Energy" Igor Ozar", he added, noting that after completing all procedures in "Roskosmos" the decision will be submitted for approval by the leadership of the country.
American astronaut Christopher Cassidy photographed from the International space station, a shadow on the earth's surface from the annular solar Eclipse.
As previously reported by the Moscow planetarium, annular solar Eclipse, when the Moon completely covers the Sun, could watch Sunday in the Central African Republic, Congo and Ethiopia, to the South of Pakistan and Northern India, and China. With Russia it was possible to see only a partial Eclipse, when the Moon covers the Sun completely.
Igor Humic appointed chief designer on the development of a new generation of ships "Orel", reported on the website of Roscosmos.
"The acting General Director of rocket and space Corporation "Energia" named after Korolev (part of state Corporation "Roscosmos"), Igor Ozar has appointed Igor Chamisa the chief designer for the development of a manned transport ship the new generation", - stated in the message.
In some regions of Russia on 21 June, you will see an annular Eclipse of the Sun, the press service of the Moscow planetarium.
In 2020, this astronomical event falls on the summer solstice. It is noted that again in the twenty-first century, these events will occur on one day only in 2039.
Russian technicians at the Kourou spaceport in French Guiana and remove the remnants of toxic fuel leaked from the upper stage "Fregat", told RIA Novosti the representative of the press service of the Roscosmos.
Earlier in Roscosmos told RIA Novosti on may 21, the French experts recorded the periodic alarm detection systems oxidizer vapor (toxic nitrogen tetroxide) in the storage location "Frigate" in Kourou. To resolve the problem on 6 June there arrived experts from Russia. They visited the Frigate and pre-determined further amount of necessary operations.
The air in American and Russian segments of the International space station was again divided, a possible source of toxic benzene again, looking for the Russian segment of the American device, said NASA.
It is noted that the American device for determining air quality and AQM will make additional measurements in the Russian segment, and then June 22, the air exchange between segments of the station will be restored. New measurements should help to determine the source of benzene.
Russian space astrophysical Observatory "Spektr-RG", using the German telescope eROSITA has built the world's best map of the entire sky in x-rays, reported by the space research Institute of RAS.
The Observatory "Spektr-RG" was launched into space in July 2019. In October it reached an operating point at 1.5 million kilometers from Earth.
The source of excessive levels of toxic benzene in the air aboard the International space station still is not found, told RIA Novosti the representative of the press service of the Roscosmos.
"Work to find the source continues," - said the Agency interlocutor.
Two Russian cosmonauts working on-Board ISS, Ivan Wagner and Anatoly Ivanishin will take part in the voting on the amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, told RIA Novosti, the commander of the cosmonaut Oleg Kononenko.
Earlier, the Deputy Chairman of the Public chamber of Moscow Alexey Venediktov told journalists that Ivanishin asked to vote electronically. Communication in this case, due to the lack on the Russian segment of the ISS experience will be provided through American satellites and the control Center in Houston.
American Rover Perseverance, which is supposed to start on July 20, will take on the planet with a commemorative plate to commemorate the contribution of doctors in a pandemic COVID-19, according to a press release published on the NASA website.
It is noted that this will be done in the memory of the impact of the pandemic COVID-19 and, in order to pay tribute to the dedication of doctors worldwide.
The militarization of space the US may disrupt cooperation with Russia, said Deputy General Director of state Corporation "Rosatom" Sergey Savelyev.
Earlier, the Ministry of defense has completed the development of a "Strategy of defense in space", which was prepared in response to the alleged "significant threat" from Russia and China.
Small satellite Red-Eye-2 in the interest of the office of advanced research projects U.S. Department of defense DARPA launched into orbit aboard the International space station (ISS), reported NASA.
On the Agency's website says that the spacecraft was launched using canadian manipulator SSRMS after its conclusion outside of the station from the Japanese module Kibo.
The second test launch of a heavy launch vehicle "Angara-A5" is tentatively scheduled for November 3, reported RIA Novosti source in the space industry.
"Pre-commissioning is scheduled for 3 November," he said.
Air purifier in one of the American modules could lead to excessive levels of toxic benzene in the atmosphere of the International space station, said NASA.
In may, Roscosmos told RIA news about the increase in the concentration of benzene in the atmosphere of the ISS, not exceeding the maximum allowable normal and non-threatening to the crew.
Launch of Vega with 53 satellites from Kourou in French Guiana postponed due to inclement weather, according to the company Arianespace.
The launch was scheduled for 22.51 environment local time (04.51 Thursday GMT).
Navigation satellites "GLONASS-M" has worked for ten years instead of seven provisions, it is planned to replace on the backup spacecraft, told RIA Novosti source in the space industry.
According to the information analytical centre of coordinate-time and navigation support TsNIIMash (research Institute head of "Roscosmos"), satellite "GLONASS-M" with the system room 731, which was launched in March 2010 with an estimated life of seven years, was removed for maintenance in June 2020.
Russian module Nauka is planned to send to the Baikonur cosmodrome in July, to launch to the International space station, said the General designer of KB "salute" of Khrunichev Centre Sergey Kuznetsov.
It is noted that in the past week have been completed leak tests of the module body of "Science" and its docking units, and confirmed the operation of the pneumo-hydraulic propulsion system and external hydraulic circuits. In a vacuum chamber held pneumovacuum tanks tests module.
Small spacecraft Red-Eye-2 for experiments in the interests of the office of advanced research projects U.S. Department of defense DARPA plans to launch June 17 aboard the International space station, said NASA.
On the website of the Agency said that the satellite will launch with the canadian SSRMS manipulator, before bringing him out of the station from the Japanese module Kibo.
The state Corporation "Rosatom" do not buy "Sea launch" in connection with the lack of missiles for the complex and the lack of a long-term strategy of its application, said RIA Novosti member of the Russian Academy of cosmonautics named after Tsiolkovsky, chief analyst of the Association "Digital transport and logistics" Andrei Ionin.
According to him, an example of a successful long-term prediction of market development is the story of SpaceX. "That's why Elon Musk became the leader of the space market, because in the early 2000-ies he foresaw many of the events including the advent of space-based Internet, with the development of the lunar program of the USA on the basis of which he will make major money," said Jonas.
Rosatom considers it inappropriate purchase of the complex "Sea launch" in the absence of such requirements for corporations, high competition in the launch services market, created the company SpaceX Elon musk, and a number of other reasons. This is stated in the materials of "Rosatom", which examined RIA Novosti.
Earlier some media reported that Rosatom is considering the acquisition of complex "Sea launch", which was recently relocated from the USA to Russia. Currently, the owner is a group of companies S7. For purchasing Sea launch from subsidiaries of Rocket-space Corporation "Energy" (part of "Rosatom") she at one time paid 150 million dollars.
The timing of the resumption of launches of Russian rockets "Soyuz" from Kourou in French Guiana, suspended for COVID-19, are discussed between "Roskosmos" and the company Arianespace, told RIA Novosti the representative of the press service of the Corporation.
"Negotiations are underway with the French partners on the timing of the resumption of launches," he said.
State Corporation "Roscosmos" has received a patent for a method of launching a satellite inspector, are designed for spying on other spacecraft, which will help him remain undetected, the corresponding description of the patent is published in the "Bulletin of Rospatent".
The specialists of "Rosatom" has developed this way of running, which is the removal of the satellite inspector into orbit lower than the satellite-target. In this case, better guidance is provided on the observed object at the further convergence (it is more noticeable on the background of the starry sky) and decreases the probability of detection of the satellite inspector from Board-goals, if he is not equipped with a special highly sensitive equipment, reads the description to the patent.
The start of the Russian carrier rocket "Soyuz" with the satellite UAE from Kourou in French Guiana postponed from March, is planned in mid-October, reported RIA Novosti source in the space industry.
The launch of Falcon Eye-2 was scheduled in early March, but was delayed due to problems with the "Fregat", which decided to replace the spare. However, in mid-March, the launch complex in Kourou had to be closed temporarily because of COVID-19, so the start of "Union" was postponed to 15 September and then on 1 October.
A new attempt to launch a space rocket "MOMO" Japanese company, Interstellar Technologies ended with a failure: the rocket fell into the sea shortly after launch from a platform in the city Taiki on the Northern island of Hokkaido and has not reached the predetermined height.
Video of launch is available on the company's page on Twitter. The cause of the failure is not yet known.
Booster Falcon 9 was launched in Florida with a group of 58 Internet satellites Starlink, the company SpaceX is a live broadcast of the launch.
The launch was given in 5.21 calculated for East coast time USA (12.21 GMT) from the spaceport at Cape Canaveral. This is the ninth batch of Starlink satellites, into orbit, and the third flight for the first stage of the Falcon 9, which should once again land on a floating barge in the Atlantic shortly after launch.
Booster Electron a private us company Rocket Lab with a group of satellites, the start of which was delayed because of the coronavirus, was successfully launched from the spaceport in New Zealand, the company said.
"Start there!" – said in a statement on Twitter.
The air in American and Russian segments of the International space station was temporarily separated to search for the source of toxic benzene, said NASA.
In may, Roscosmos told RIA news about the increase in the concentration of benzene in the atmosphere of the ISS, not exceeding the maximum allowable normal and non-threatening to the crew.
Russian-French scientific satellite AMICal for the study of the Aurora created by the MSU and the University of Grenoble, will launch on 19 July on the European Vega rocket from Kourou in French Guiana, said Arianespace company.
The materials posted on the website of the company, the satellite AMICal contained in the list of spacecraft that go into orbit on a rocket Vega.
Cosmonauts Anatoly Ivanishin and John Wagner aboard the International space station, in Day of Russia will receive the day off, told RIA Novosti press-service of the state Corporation "Roscosmos".
"On this festive day, they will be given the day off," said the Corporation.
The increase in the concentration of toxic benzene in the atmosphere of the International space station (ISS) may be associated with conducting a science experiment with chemicals.
This opinion in an interview with RIA Novosti expressed on Thursday the head of one of the expert organizations of the cosmic sphere of Russia, Institute of space policy Ivan Moiseev.
Russia and India will soon be defined, what Russian hardware can be used in the Indian manned space ship "Gahagan," he said in an interview with RIA Novosti General Director of "Glavkosmos" Dmitry Loskutov.
"25 Oct 2019 "glavkosmos" and the Center for manned space flights, Indian space research organization signed a contract to assess the possibility of using Russian flight equipment life support systems and for ensuring the thermal regime for manned space ship "Gahagan" ("celestial ship"). The implementation of this contract is coming to an end," he said.