Latest News - #Siberian Federal University

Russian scientists have created a "devourer" of oil in the wastewater

Scientists of the Siberian Federal University (SFU) has created a special sorbent for wastewater treatment. As explained in the press service of the University, a new sorbent based on live bacteria has the property of bio-oxidation and is able to digest components of petroleum products. This eliminates the ingress of wastewater into natural water bodies. The study is published in "IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering".

According to experts, today the technical system wastewater of many industrial enterprises, including oil refineries, need to be improved. Installed at the enterprises of oil removers designed to separate and retain hazardous pollutants, working an average of 30% of the declared efficiency, many toxicants get into the environment and cause significant environmental damage.

Prehistoric giant trees can appear in Europe, scientists say

An international group of scientists experimentally tested the possibility of one of the oldest trees in the world sequoias to adapt to the climatic conditions of contemporary Western Europe. As explained by the researchers, the choice of the object is due to its unique properties: the plant grows fast, its wood does not rot, and the bark is almost no light. A report on the experiment published in the prestigious international journal Nature Springer.

According to the authors, because of its unique properties, the Sequoia is very promising for the forest industry, but its replaybility to date prevented widespread plantations of redwoods outside its natural growing habitat – Pacific coast of the United States.

Rectors of Russian universities approve the increase in the number of budget places in the regions

Heads of Russian universities are highly appreciated to provide them with additional budget places in the 2021/22 academic year from the Ministry of education. This measure will help gifted students to receive education at the expense of the state in a situation when the pandemic is in the early stages many families have reduced income, said the interlocutors RIA Novosti.

The Ministry of science and higher education of the Russian Federation has allocated the Russian universities 33,7 thousands of additional budget places in the 2021/22 academic year. This was done in response to the message of Russian President Vladimir Putin to the Federal Assembly on January 15, 2020.

In Russia figured out how to protect crops without spraying chemicals

A unique means of protection of agricultural plants against pathogens has been developed by scientists of the Siberian Federal University (SFU). According to the authors, the new drug will allow to avoid expensive and environmentally damaging spraying pesticides. The results of the study presented in the journal International Journal of Biological Macromolecules.

Traditional methods of crop protection, as explained by experts, involves the processing of grain, the soil and plants with chemicals several times a season. In contrast, developed in the SFU tool once placed in the soil before planting, working the entire vegetative period.

Scientists have proposed an unusual method of extraction of rare earth metals

Russian scientists from the Siberian Federal University have developed a new type of sorbent for collecting rare metals from ash and volcanic deposits. It is made on the basis of vikramasila from rice husks. The study is published in the journals Analytical Methods and Separation Science and Technology.

Rare earth elements (REE) or rare earth widely used in the manufacture of modern electronics, lasers, SuperMagnets, electric vehicles, superconductors, metallurgy and medicine. In nature the rare earths are found in scattered form in the form of oxides, and this severely complicates their extraction on an industrial scale.

Scientists told how to saturate the body "longevity protein"

A diet based on buckwheat has a unique healing effect on the organism of mammals, believe the researchers of the Siberian Federal University (SFU). According to them, the use of buckwheat increases the level of the "longevity protein" SIRT1 and provides a number of other positive effects. The study is published in the Journal of Cereal Science.

Sirtuins as well — a large family of proteins involved in the formation of fat cells and glucose metabolism. Included in this family of protein SIRT1 is involved in many cellular processes, including regulating mechanisms of aging. According to scientists, high levels of SIRT1 slows aging and increases stress resistance of the organism.

Siberian scientists have created a program for the study of the anatomy of coniferous trees

Scientists of the Siberian Federal University (SFU) and the Institute of forest named after V. N. Sukachev from Krasnoyarsk have created a software that allows faster than anyone in the world to measure cell growth rings of trees of coniferous species, have informed RIA of news in SFU.

Quantitative wood anatomy is the area of dendroecology, exploring cellular structure of wood, the structural characteristics of individual cell types and their combinations, the microscopic study of processes in living cells. To explore the cellular structure of the wood samples after treatment with special chemical reagents are cut into layers of a few microns using the instrument of the microtome, equipped with the sharpest blades.