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Skoltech scientists said the formula for water

Russian scientists in cooperation with German colleagues have found that the water contains large amounts of short-lived ions. This radically changes the understanding of the dynamic water structure and approaches to the assessment of acidity. The study is published in the journal Scientific Reports.

Natural water is a composition of a mixture of isotopologues —combinations of different isotopes of oxygen and hydrogen, the two elements that make up water.

German scientists have discovered 28 coronavirus neutralizing antibodies

A group of scientists from the University clinic of Cologne and German research centre for infections (DZIF) were able to identify 28 having a high potential to neutralize coronavirus antibodies, according to a press release on the website of DZIF.

"Our goal was to better understand the immune response to SARS-CoV-2 and to identify high potential antibodies that can be used as drugs for passive immunization or for treatment COVID-19", - said the head of the project, the Director of the Institute of Virology at the University hospital of Cologne, Florian Klein. Neutralizing antibodies bind to the protein of the pathogen and prevent the penetration of the virus in healthy cells.

Scientists have created a personalized drug from Scorpion venom

Russian scientists together with colleagues from Belgium with a substance — a prototype of personalized drugs against autoimmune diseases and cancer. The study is published in the journal Frontiers in Pharmacology.

The basis was taken the poison motley Scorpion Mesobuthus eupeus, can block potassium channels "gateway" for potassium ions across the cell membrane. These are essential to every cell elements are involved in many cellular processes, such as conducting nerve impulses, cell division and their interactions with each other, as well as in the immune response.

It is estimated the contribution of asymptomatic carriers in the spread of the coronavirus

North American scientists have built a model of the transmission of the new coronavirus taking into account the asymptomatic carriers. It turned out that without accounting for and control of this category of infected to fight off the infection is unlikely to succeed. The study is published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Since COVID-19 worldwide was introduced unprecedented restrictions on movement and measures of social distancing. The consequences for the economy of many countries was very serious. In addition, in some places there were social protests led by the measures limiting personal liberty.

Discovered a tiny ancestor of the dinosaurs

In the Triassic deposits of Madagascar have found a small fossil reptile. Animal of no more than ten centimeters refers to the group, that led to the giant dinosaurs and pterosaurs. Detailed description of the findings given in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Dinosaurs and flying reptiles, the pterosaurs are famous for their huge size. It is therefore surprising that their immediate ancestors were very small. In the Triassic sediments age 237 million years in the South-West of Madagascar found the bones of reptiles, called Kongonaphon kely, or "tiny killer bugs".

Found mutations that increase the risk of death from COVID-19

British scientists have identified five genetic mutations that increase the risk of death in infected with coronavirus up to 13 times. The study is published in the scientific portal medRxiv.

"We opened five variations in four genes that "manage" the probability of death from COVID-19, and assessed their prevalence in the British population," write the authors of the study.

The scientist came to some surprising conclusions about the origin of the coronavirus

Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 was dormant long before the outbreak in Wuhan last winter and emerged at the confluence of natural factors. To such conclusion came a senior research fellow at the Oxford Centre of evidence-based medicine (Centre for Evidence-based Medicine, CEBM) Tom Jefferson.

Based on data from around the world, the scientist expressed confidence that the virus was in different countries for some time. So, earlier traces of coronavirus detected in sewage samples from Barcelona were collected in March 2019 — nine months before the first cases COVID-19 in China. Positive results have also shown the samples from Turin and Milan last December.

Doctors told how to identify serious illness in language

Australian dentists told how to determine the possible existence of diseases as language, writes Daily Mail.

The doctors noticed that smokers and drinkers in the language often appears white bloom. This phenomenon can also be the result of poor oral hygiene, but usually it can be resolved independently.

Scientists have determined the temperature anomaly in the cave "Tavrida"

Temperature anomaly is set in the Crimean cave "Tauris", the causes of which remains to be seen, said the project Manager of the Crimean Federal University named after V. I. Vernadsky "the Cave of Tavrida" Gennady Samokhin.

"The temperature in the cave averaged 13.5 degrees. Usually in the caves the temperature as the average on the surface. The average annual temperature in this area is about 10.5 degrees. In the cave above it. What is the reason we don't know yet. We can assume that there is a flow of deep heat, maybe slowed down the exchange of air, therefore, accumulates heat. While it is difficult to say, but the anomaly is," said Samokhin journalists in the Crimean press-center of MIA "Russia today".

Found a method of estimating human age of a dog

Studying molecular changes in the genome over time, American researchers have developed a formula for a more accurate comparison of the age of the dog with age. This is the first scientific study on the subject. The results were published in the journal Cell Systems.

There is a perception that the age of dogs can be assessed in human years, multiply by seven. But the linear comparison is inappropriate, since it is known that representatives of different species age at different speeds.

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