16 Aug 1945 in Moscow signed a Treaty on the Soviet-Polish state border, which put a legal end to the nearly 30-year history of the Eastern borders of the modern Polish state.
Question about the borders of Poland that was part of the Russian Empire under the name Kingdom of Poland was raised at the Paris peace conference (1919-1920) at the end of the First world war. Victory in the war, the Entente (Britain, France, the US and its allies) agreed to consider "a temporary Eastern border of Poland", the line drawn from North to South through Grodno, Nemirov, Brest-Litovsk, ustilug of the Carpathians and on to the ethnographic principle. Land with a predominance of the Polish population was to the West of this line, and non-Polish (Lithuanian, Belarusian, Ukrainian) – to the East. However, the Polish government ignored this decision and in April 1920, the beginning of military action against the Soviet state. In the critical period, when the Red Army counterattacked, the Polish government on 10 July 1920 at a conference in the Belgian town of Spa recognized its Eastern boundary line proposed by the Entente. On 12 July 1920 the British foreign Minister Lord George Curzon appealed to the Soviet government with a proposal to end the war on condition that Poland's Eastern border will be marked in Paris on line, since known as the "Curzon line". But the Soviet government refused to Curzon mediation and insisted on direct peace negotiations with Poland.
After the defeat of France in June 1940, Nazi Germany, the main retargeting efforts on preparations for war against the USSR decided to strengthen military-political cooperation with its major allies, Italy and Japan, and engage in aggressive block new countries – primarily European States, which border with the Soviet Union or located near it.
Essential Nazi leadership attached to their participation in the war against the Soviet Union and Japan. Longtime anti-Soviet ambitions of the Japanese militarists and the strategic position of this country allowed the German leadership to count on opening a second front in the far East. German diplomats were active in order to establish closer political and military ties with Japan. This was in line with the intentions of the Japanese ruling circles that nurtured his own expansionist plans against the Soviet Union and tried using the military successes of fascist States in Western Europe, to expand their holdings in East Asia and the Pacific.
Under the current version of the Constitution of Egypt (2014), the country's Parliament is bicameral and consists of Senate (upper house) and chamber of representatives (lower house). The Senate consists of not less than 180 members. The term of office of the Senate is five years.
Elections shall be held within 60 days prior to the end of the term of the previous composition of the upper house of Parliament.
The city of Nagasaki is situated on the West of the island of Kyushu in Japan and is the administrative centre of the homonymous Prefecture. The city arose on the site of the fishing village, and was one of the main points you used contacts of Japan with foreign countries. During the isolation period of Japan, Nagasaki was the only port through which conducted limited trade with the Dutch and Chinese.
With the beginning of world war II, Nagasaki is not only not lost its significance as a major sea port, but also gained the important military significance because of the many industries operating in the city, first of all, shipbuilding, weapons and steel factories.
According to the Constitution of Belarus (1994), the President is head of state, guarantor of the Constitution, rights and freedoms of man and citizen.
The President can be elected a citizen of Belarus by birth at least 35 years old, eligible to vote and resident in Belarus for at least ten years immediately before the election.
On 7 August in the Indian city of Kozhikode made a hard landing airplane Boeing-737 of airline Air India, a flight from Dubai. On Board were 174 passengers, including 10 children, two pilots and five crew members. In the crash of the cockpit and the front part of the aircraft was completely destroyed. 16 people died, over 120 were injured.
Of all the coalition States, started world war II, after may 1945, continued to fight only Japan.
17 July to 2 August 1945 took place on the Berlin (Potsdam) conference of heads of government of the USSR, USA and great Britain, where, along with discussions on European issues, much attention was given to the situation in the far East.
Russian writer Vladimir Georgievich Sorokin was born on 7 August 1955 in the suburban village bulls.
In 1977 graduated from the Moscow Institute of oil and gas named after Gubkin on a speciality the engineer-mechanic.
Hiroshima day – the world day of struggle for prohibition of nuclear weapons is annually celebrated worldwide on August 6. On this day in 1945 American aircraft were subjected to atomic bombing of the Japanese city of Hiroshima.
Preparation for combat use of the atomic bomb began in the summer of 1944. During may-June 1945 on Tinian island in the Mariana Islands archipelago in the Pacific ocean arrived American 509 th composite aviation group. July 25, 1945, U.S. President Harry Truman approved the order to bomb one of the following purposes: Hiroshima to Kokura, Niigata or Nagasaki.
In the summer of 1990, relations between Iraq and Kuwait deteriorated sharply due to disputes around oil prices.
May 30, 1990, the last day of the summit of heads of Arab States, the Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein said that some Gulf countries began to produce more oil established by OPEC quota, bringing the price of a barrel of oil fell to $ 7, while the negotiated price of a barrel of oil was 18 dollars. Saddam Hussein noted that the fall in the price of each barrel for just one dollar means the loss of Iraq one billion dollars annually. This, in his opinion, in the current economic conditions of Iraq was equivalent to "act of war".
Treaty between the USSR and the USA on the elimination of their intermediate-range and shorter-range nuclear forces (INF) was signed on 8 December 1987 in Washington, DC (USA), General Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee Mikhail Gorbachev and U.S. President Ronald Reagan.
The Treaty entered into force on 1 June 1988, and prior to the termination of its action on 2 August 2019 as a result of unilateral withdrawal from the United States was of a permanent character.
Eid al-Adha (Turkic), or ID al-Adha (Arabic) is a festival of sacrifice, which is one of the main festivals of the Muslims. It is celebrated annually on the 10th day of the month of DHU al-Hijjah of the Islamic lunar calendar and lasts three days.
In 2020, Eid al-Adha begins on July 31.
Every year on 28 July is world day against hepatitis (World Hepatitis Day).
It was declared by the world health organization.
July 28, Russia celebrates the Day of baptism of Rus. As observances of this day was established by the Federal law "On amendments to article 11 of the Federal law "About days of military glory and anniversaries of Russia" on 1 June 2010.
In the Orthodox Church calendar, this date (old style – July 15) – day of memory of Grand Prince Vladimir (960-1015), the Baptist of Russia.
27 July it became known that the Federal security service jointly with the interior Ministry and the Investigative Committee stopped the activities of a terrorist organization that was planning a terrorist attack in one of the places of a mass congestion of people in Moscow.
The terrorist himself while trying to arrest was destroyed, he was found in an abandoned garage in Khimki. According to the FSB, he "opened fire on employees of law enforcement agencies from automatic firearms," returning fire, he was overpowered. At survey of a scene the man found the AKS-74U, three fully loaded magazine, two grenades f-1 and l RGD.
On 22 July, U.S. security forces attacked the Russian journalists covering the protests in Portland. Members of the media filmed a report about the riots, which was besieged by the local court. The building housed the Federal law enforcement forces entered the city, despite the dissatisfaction of the local authorities. The operator of the First channel Vyacheslav Arkhipov who shot the protesters attempt to set fire to the entrance to the courthouse, was hit with baton on her hand, snatched the camera and smashed it on the asphalt. The journalist was knocked to the ground. His colleague Julia Olkhovskaya shot the same scene on the phone. Attacking from behind, the police took away her phone, grabbed his head and broke the helmet. The reporter inhaled tear gas, and she required the assistance of local medical volunteers.
On may 31, RIA Novosti, Mikhail Turgiev covering the protests in Minneapolis, was attacked by the police – he was sprayed in the face with tear gas after he produced a press card and identified himself as the employee of the press.
20 July, Ukraine in the center of Lutsk, the man seized a bus with about 20 hostages, he has explosives and weapons. The attacker was informed that among hostages there are children and pregnant women and threatens to burst. In the field was introduced operational plan "Hostage". Ukrainian police establishes the identity of the invader, he had been introduced to law enforcement as the Bad Maxim. The attacker doesn't make contact with law enforcement officers, SWAT was ready to defuse it.
11 July in South Africa in Johannesburg Zuurbekom, the unknown took hostages in the building of the Church belonging to the International Pentecostal Holiness Church. After some time, the hostages were released by the police. Five people died, four of them were in the car next to the Church building, the fifth was a guard. Law enforcement officers arrested more than 40 people, six of whom were injured and were hospitalized. According to one version of the police, the attack was made by the representatives of the conflicting groups who are fighting for control of the Church.
21 Jul 2010 the Baksansky hydroelectric power station located on the Baksan river in the village Atazhukino Kabardino-Balkarian Republic (KBR), suffered as a result of sabotage committed by militants of one of the terrorist groups.
The hydroelectric power station built in the years 1930-1936 in the electrification plan is one of the oldest hydroelectric power stations of Russia. Its first unit was commissioned on 20 September 1936 at full capacity, the station brought in 1938. Hydroelectric power plant is part of the Kabardino-Balkaria branch of JSC "RusHydro".
In accordance with the Constitution (2012), the highest legislative body of the Syrian Arab Republic is the Parliament – people's Council.
According to the Law on General elections (2014), the people's Council consists of 250 members and is elected by universal, direct, equal and secret ballot for a term of four years. In accordance with the law, at least half of the members of the National Council should be presented to workers and fellahin (farmer or peasant).
Pirates in the Gulf of Guinea on Friday, July 17, took hostage 13 of the 19 members of the Russian-Ukrainian crew of the tanker Curacao Trader, reported the Internet portal Maritime Bulletin, citing a statement of the company Alison Management Corp, which owns the vessel. The company added that the incident occurred at about 210 nautical miles off the coast of Benin, is currently the tanker is drifting with disabilities on Board, to his aid has already sent another ship.
The following is background information on the capture and release of pirates vessels with Russians on Board in 2017-2020.
On July 17 every year Russia celebrates the Day of aviation of the Navy (Navy).
The holiday was established in accordance with the order of commander of the Navy of the Russian Federation № 253 dated 15 July 1996 "On introduction of annual holidays and professional days in the specialty", and the date chosen to commemorate the first victory of Russian naval pilots in a dogfight over the Baltic sea, which occurred on 17 July (4 July, old style), 1916. On this day four seaplanes rose from the aircraft carrier ship "the Eagle" Baltic fleet in the air and clashed over the sea with four German planes to protect them from the blows of the Russian naval base on the island of Saaremaa. During the battle, which ended in complete victory of Russian naval pilots, two of the Kaiser's airplane was shot down, and the two fled. This day is considered the birthday of naval aviation of the Russian Navy.
Political party Social democratic Union of Northern Macedonia (SDSM) was founded on 21 April 1991. The party is the successor of the League of Communists of Macedonia (SKM).
The party advocates the construction of a society of equal citizens, are numerous and stable middle class with a fair tax and social security systems. In foreign policy, the social Democrats stick to the course of integration with the EU and NATO.
July 16, 1945, in complete secrecy in the desert of new Mexico, in the town of Alamogordo, USA produced the first ever test of a nuclear weapon.
The impetus for its development was the Second world war (1939-1945). The first studies on the development of nuclear energy began in the prewar years in Germany, England and the Soviet Union, but in the future with the greatest scope and focus, they continued in the United States, where the studies were involved leading scientists of Europe, who emigrated to America from German-occupied countries. In 1939, physicist albert Einstein appealed to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt with a letter in which he justified the need for large scale experiments to study the possibility of creating an atomic bomb. Offer the scientist was justified by the available information about the successes of Nazi Germany in this field.
In accordance with the Constitution of the Republic of North Macedonia (1991), legislative power in the country belongs to the Assembly (Parliament).
The Parliament consists of 120 to 140 deputies, elected by universal, direct and free elections by secret ballot for a term of four years. Currently, the Parliament consists of 120 members.
July 14, 2015 Iran and the six international mediators (Russia, USA, UK, China, France, and Germany) reached an historic agreement on the settlement of the longstanding problem of the Iranian atom: adopted a Joint comprehensive plan of action (SVPD), which removes Iran's previously imposed economic and financial sanctions by the Security Council (SC) of the UN, the US and the EU.
According to the document, the long-term plan Iran to include restrictions on all work on uranium enrichment and research and development (R & d) in this area for eight years.
The Panama canal, an artificial waterway in Panama in Central America. Crosses the isthmus of Panama in its lowest part and connects the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
Officially opened on 12 July 1920.
Srebrenica is a vast enclave, or, as it is called in Bosnia and Herzegovina – community. Is the territory more than 500 square kilometers, which has over 80 villages, villages and towns, chief among them Srebrenica.
To date, the town of Srebrenica has become synonymous with the genocide of the Muslim population, allegedly committed by Serbian forces in July 1995.
According to the Constitution of Singapore (1999), Parliament and President constitute the legislative power in the country.
The Parliament consists of elected members of Parliament and nominated members of Parliament.
On 9 July 2010 at Vienna airport (Austria) was exchanged four Russian citizens, three of whom were convicted of espionage, the ten detainees in the United States on charges of illegal activities in favor of Russia.
Two weeks before this, on 27 June 2010, the US police have detained ten people – Anna Chapman, Richard and Cynthia Murphy, Juan Lazaro and Vicky Pelaez, Michael Zotolli, Patricia mills, Michael Semenko, Donald Howard Heathfield and Tracey Lee Ann Foley.
8 July 1960 is considered the founding date of Antiaircraft missile troops (SMP). This day came the Directive of the General staff of the Armed forces of the USSR, which the office of the commander of the Troops of Air defense (PVO) introduced a new post – the commander of anti-aircraft missile air defense forces.
The first anti-aircraft missile in the Soviet Union was formed in 1952. In the system of air defense of Moscow they appeared in 1953.
"The Croatian democratic Commonwealth" (Hrvatska demokratska zajednica, HDZ, HDZ) political party conservative wing.
Founded 17 June 1989. The first leader of the party was Franjo Tudjman.
The Serbian progressive party (SPP) was established in October 2008, Aleksandar Vucic and Tomislav Nikolic.
According to the Charter, the objectives of the Serbian political parties are as follows:
At the end of the Second world war (1939-1945) the United States government decided to take over the technology possessed by the Germans, because Germany was technically well equipped. Hitler used industry and human resources of almost all of continental Europe. Rebuilt by the Nazis on a war footing, the industry was effective. Sources of equipment, weapons and materials for war was Germany's almost inexhaustible, and the quality is high.
The hunt for research and development, Germany, US intelligence began even before the end of the Second world war. In November 1944, the joint chiefs of staff (Joint Chiefs of Staff, JCS) organized the Committee of industrial and technical intelligence to the task "the search in Germany for technologies that are useful for the postwar U.S. economy", only one sub-Committee had 380 professionals, representing the interests of seventeen American companies.
The Dalai Lama (Mong., the Dalai sea (of wisdom)) – the highest ecclesiastical rank in Tibet.
Revered by followers of Tibetan Buddhism as the earthly incarnation of Avalokiteshvara or Chenrezig, the bodhisattva of compassion and patron of Tibet. A bodhisattva is a being who has dedicated himself to achieving the highest goal of spiritual quest, awakening, in the name of happiness and prosperity to all beings, and who gave the vow to be reborn again and again to help them.
According to the Constitution of the Dominican Republic (2015), the President is head of state and is elected by secret ballot at the same time with the Vice-President every four years.
The President may be re-elected for one consecutive term, but then ineligible to run for the same position.
According to the Constitution of Croatia (1990), the Parliament (Sabor) is the representative and legislative body of the Republic.
Members of Parliament are elected by universal and equal suffrage by secret ballot. The term of office of the deputies to four years.
Hagia Sophia in Istanbul is the most famous monument of Byzantine architecture, the most imposing structure of the Justinian era. The largest Christian Church until the construction of St. Peter's Cathedral in Rome.
The temple was built by Emperor Justinian I in Constantinople (now Istanbul), 532-537 years on the site of burned-down Christian churches, erected in the IV and V centuries under the emperors Constantine I and Theodosius II.
French statesman Edouard Philippe (Edouard Philippe) was born on 28 November 1970 in Rouen (Department of Seine-Maritime, France).
He graduated from the Institute of political studies in Paris in 1992 and the National school of administration in 1997.
Icelandic statesman Gudny Johannesson (Gudni Jóhannesson) was born 26 Jun 1968 in Reykjavik. His father was a sports coach, the mother was engaged in teaching and journalism.
In 1987 he graduated from high school in Reykjavik.
In accordance with the Constitution of Poland (1997), the President is the Supreme representative of the Republic of Poland and the guarantor of continuity of state authority. The President is elected by the people by universal, equal, direct suffrage by secret ballot for a term of five years and may be re-elected only once. The President can be elected a citizen of Poland who have attained no later than election day, a full 35 years and fully enjoying electoral rights.
Active electoral right is granted to citizens over 18 years of age.
In accordance with the Constitution of the Republic of Iceland (1944), legislative power belongs jointly to the President and Parliament (the Althingi).
The President is head of state and is elected by direct secret ballot.
Diplomatic relations between the USSR and France were established on October 28, 1924. 7 Feb 1992, an Agreement was signed between Russia and France, confirming the desire of both parties to develop "relations of consent, based on trust, solidarity and cooperation".
France is one of Russia's leading partners in Europe and the world. Between countries have established diverse cooperation in the fields of politics, economy, culture and humanitarian exchanges. Part of Paris initiated by a European Union anti-Russian restrictive measures had a negative impact on the dynamics of bilateral relations, however, did not change their traditionally friendly and constructive. High intensity is different of the Russian-French political dialogue.
The Association of South-East Asia (The Association of Southeast Asian Nations, ASEAN) established on 8 August 1967 in Bangkok (Thailand). Originally it included Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Philippines. Later joined by Brunei Darussalam (1984), Vietnam (1995), Laos and Myanmar (1997) Cambodia (1999). Ad hoc observer status are Papua New Guinea and East Timor.
At present, ASEAN with a population of 649,07 million people, a combined GDP of 2.99 trillion, the foreign trade turnover of 2,816 trillion dollars – one of the largest regional organizations.
The term "electronic voting" (electronic(al) voting – evoting) was introduced in 1960-ies, when the world used voting by paper ballot. The new concept implied that the will of the voters of the electorate is expressed through electronic means. The use of Internet and telephone voting was discussed only in the 1980-ies, but these funds are not intended to be used in General elections or referendums due to their weak information security. The first systematic publication on the topic of electronic elections appeared in 1981, and the first large-scale experimental steps in this direction were made in the early 2000-ies.
Currently, many countries are actively developing national projects of electronic voting, including Internet voting.
The Korean war – an armed conflict of 1950-1953 between the Democratic people's Republic of (North Korea) and the Republic of Korea (South Korea), one of the largest local wars of the XX century.
The war was fought with the participation of the DPRK side of the military contingent of China and military personnel and units of the Soviet air force on the side of South Korea by the armed forces of the United States and of the several States as part of the multinational UN forces.
The seaman's day (Day of the Seafarer) is celebrated annually on June 25. The reason for its establishment was signed at the conference in Manila (Philippines) member States of the International Maritime Organization (HMO), members of the UN, resolution # 19.
At this event June 25, 2010 was adopted a number of amendments to the International Convention on training and certification of seafarers and Watchkeeping (STCW) 1978 and associated Code. STCW is one of the four pillars on which stands the regulatory system of sea transport that depend on a competent, well-trained seafarers, that ensure safety of life at sea, marine safety, efficiency of navigation and protection and preservation of the marine environment.
June 25, the Slavs of the world celebrate the Day of friendship and unity.
Slavs are the largest linguistic and cultural community of the peoples of the world.
On 26 August 2008 Russian President signed a decree on recognition of independence of the Republic of Abkhazia. September 9, 2008 was established diplomatic relations.
Recognizing the independence of Abkhazia, Russia acted as a guarantor of its existence as an independent state and the peaceful future of the Abkhazian people. Interstate relations are developing steadily on the basis of Alliance and strategic partnership. The legal base of bilateral cooperation includes more than 100 bilateral documents at various levels, including the basic Treaty on friendship, cooperation and mutual assistance of 17 September 2008 and the Treaty on Alliance and strategic partnership on November 24, 2014.
May 9 during the national holiday – Victory Day, according to the Federal law from 19 may 1995 "On perpetuation of Victory in great Patriotic war of 1941-1945", annually held military parades in the capital of the Russian Federation the city of Moscow, the hero cities, as well as in the cities, where deployed headquarters of military districts, fleets, combined arms armies and the Caspian flotilla. They are implemented with the involvement of weapons and military equipment, using copies of the official symbol of the Victory of the Soviet people in the great Patriotic war – the Victory banner.
The first Victory parade on red square in Moscow on 24 June 1945. After that up to 1995 it was held may 9 in the Victory Day only in the jubilee years – in 1965, 1985 and 1990.
Victory parade in Moscow on red square June 24, 1945 – historical parade to commemorate the Soviet victory over Nazi Germany in the great Patriotic war. The parade was attended by the Deputy Supreme commander, the commander of the 1st Belorussian front Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov. Commanded the parade commander of the 2nd Belorussian front Marshal of the Soviet Union Konstantin Rokossovsky.
The decision to hold the parade of winners was made Supreme commander of the Armed Forces of the USSR by Joseph Stalin shortly after the Victory Day. May 24, 1945 he was reported proposal of the General staff for the conduct of the Victory Parade. They took it, but did not agree with the terms of the. The General staff assigned to the preparation of the parade for two months, Stalin ordered to parade in a month.
Diplomatic relations between Russia and Moldova were established on 6 April 1992. Contractual-legal base of relations to date, has over 180 documents.
On 13 may 2002 entered into force the basic Agreement on friendship and cooperation between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Moldova. In the preamble of the document contains provisions on strategic partnership between the two countries and Russia's role as mediator and guarantor of a political settlement of the Transnistrian problem. In November 2011 the instrument was automatically extended for ten years.
The Serbian progressive party (SPP) was established in October 2008, Aleksandar Vucic and Tomislav Nikolic.
According to the Charter, the objectives of the Serbian political parties are as follows:
in reading (UK) was attacked a 25-year-old man on people with a knife. Attack declared a terrorist incident. Police confirmed the deaths in the incident, three people, three more were seriously injured. On suspicion in murder detained the man, who lives in reading.
in Hanau (Germany) in the Federal state of Hesse in the two hookah cafes 43-year-old German citizen, opened fire, killed nine people, there are wounded, including hard. The suspect was found dead in his house, there was discovered the body of his 72-year-old mother. It is assumed that the killings prompted his right-wing beliefs. The interior Ministry of Germany called the shooting in Hanau terrorist attack by a right-wing extremist.
In accordance with the Constitution, the National Assembly (national Assembly) is the Supreme representative body and holder of constitutional and legislative power in the Republic of Serbia.
The national Assembly consists of 250 deputies elected in direct elections by secret ballot for a four year term.
The Victory banner is the national relic of Russia, the official symbol of the victory of the Soviet people and its Armed Forces over Nazi Germany in the great Patriotic war of 1941-1945. It is an assault flag of the 150th order of Kutuzov of II degree of idritskaya infantry division erected may 1, 1945 over the Reichstag in Berlin by Soviet soldiers.
On hoisting the flag over the capital of Germany, the Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin said on 6 November 1944, in Moscow, at the ceremonial meeting on the occasion of the anniversary of the October revolution. However, where exactly do they plan to do, he did not elaborate.
Ossetia, not divided into North and South, in 1774, voluntarily joined the Russian Empire. But before 1830 mountain (South) Ossetia remain outside the control of the Royal administration, though nominally it was considered a possession of Russia. The de facto annexation of South Ossetia occurred in 1830, after the military expedition of the Russian troops led by General Pavel Rennenkampf.
Part of the Russian Empire, the area was part of the Georgian governorate (1801-1840), the Georgian-Imereti province (1840-1846), which was created the Ossetian Okrug (1840-1842). In 1846 the lands of South Ossetia divided between Tiflis and Kutaisi provinces.
On 15 June, the Russian foreign Ministry announced that Russia has announced two employees of the Czech Embassy persona non grata and they should leave Moscow with their families within two days. This step was a response to the unfriendly actions of Prague and the expulsion of two employees of the Russian Embassy in the Czech Republic after the "absurd and unsubstantiated accusations."
12 December it became known that two employees of the German Embassy in Russia declared persona non grata, they were obliged to leave the country within a week. Also the German Ambassador protested. Measures were associated with similar actions in Berlin.
The Schengen agreement – the agreement on simplification of passport and visa control at the borders, signed on 14 June 1985, five European countries (Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, France and Germany).
The document was signed in Schengen, a small town in Luxembourg located near the convergence of the borders of Luxembourg, Germany and France. Entered into force on 26 March 1995.
World oceans day (World Oceans Day) is observed annually worldwide on 8 June. The idea of it was first proposed in 1992 at the summit "planet Earth" in Rio de Janeiro, as a way to emphasize the overall involvement and connection with the ocean of all humanity, and use this day to raise awareness about the crucial role of the ocean in our life and important activities of mankind in his defense.
On 5 December 2008, by its resolution, the General Assembly decided to designate 8 June as world oceans day.
the birthday of the great Russian poet, the founder of modern Russian literary language Alexander Pushkin in Russia and in the world celebrates the Day of Russian language.
The decision on carrying out of Day of the Russian language as one of the official languages of the United Nations was first taken at a meeting of the Department of public information of the UN Secretariat on 20 February 2010, on the eve of International mother language day, in the framework of the development of multilingualism and preservation of cultural diversity. One of the goals of this program is to maintain the equality of all six official UN languages (Arabic, English, Spanish, Chinese, Russian and French), as well as raising awareness about the history and culture of each language.
World environment day (World Environment Day) is observed annually worldwide on June 5. It was established on 5 June 1972 by the UN General Assembly, this day opened the United Nations Conference on the problems of the human environment in Stockholm (Sweden).
The conference adopted a Declaration of 26 principles which should guide all States in their activities for environmental protection and rational use of natural resources. The Declaration was first proclaimed that the protection and improvement of the environment is a priority of humanity.
After Germany's surrender in world war II (1939-1945), the need arose to resolve the problems associated with the occupation of its territory by the Victor countries.
On 5 June 1945 in Berlin was signed the Declaration on defeat of Germany and assumption of Supreme authority with respect to Germany by the governments of the USSR, USA, UK and France. She has served as the legal basis of activities of the occupation authorities of the victorious powers on German territory in the early postwar years.
Roman Alexandrovich Golovchenko was born on 10 August 1973 in the city of Zhodino, Smolevichi district, Minsk region of Belarus.
In 1996 graduated from Moscow state Institute of international relations MFA of the Russian Federation majoring in "international relations", in 2003 Academy of management under the President of the Republic of Belarus, specialty "Economics and management of foreign economic activity".
World no tobacco day (World No Tobacco Day) is an international campaign against Smoking, which is held annually worldwide on 31 may. The day was established in 1987, the world health organization (who) to raise global attention to the tobacco epidemic and its lethal consequences.
According to who, tobacco use is one of the most significant threats to health. Tobacco kills up to half of its users. Annually, tobacco use causes the death of more than eight million people, including more than seven million people, who were consumers or former consumers of tobacco, and more than 1.2 million non-smokers exposed to second-hand smoke. People die from a tobacco-related myocardial infarction, stroke, cancer, lung disease and other illnesses. Nearly 80% of one billion smokers in the world live in low and middle income. Some of them are children from poor households are frequently employed in tobacco farming to provide family income. These children are especially vulnerable to "green tobacco sickness" caused by nicotine that is absorbed through the skin when handling wet tobacco leaves.
"Freedom flotilla", an international movement whose goal is a breakout of the naval blockade of the Gaza strip.
The Gaza strip – the territory on the Mediterranean sea, to the North-East of the Sinai Peninsula. Along with the West Bank of the Jordan river, the Gaza strip constitutes the State of Palestine. The Gaza strip after the coming to power of Hamas in 2007, is blockaded by Israel and Egypt. Gaza is the most densely populated area in the world, more than 40% of the population, according to the world Bank, is below the poverty line.
Semipalatinsk polygon (the Soviet Union, now Kazakhstan) is a separate, strictly protected area, which was intended to carry out a complex of works on preparation and testing of nuclear warheads, including for military purposes.
The landfill was a complex branched structure with all the necessities of life, expanded research base, a large number of buildings at various venues.
in Minnesota and several other States began mass protests and unrest after the placement of online video, which captured the incident on may 25 in Minneapolis, the arrest of George Floyd on suspicion that he paid at the store with counterfeit cash.
Police put the handcuffs Floyd, knocked him down and piled on top of him, the three of us, and one of them stepped on his knee on the neck. Floyd on video several times says that he can not breathe, then fades. He died in intensive care. The protests escalated into clashes with police, looting of shops and arson. The city had imposed a state of emergency. Later the riots began in other major U.S. cities: new York, Atlanta (GA), Albuquerque (new Mexico), Fontana, San Jose (California) and Houston (Texas). The four officers who arrested Floyd, has been fired from the police. One of them was charged with manslaughter. The investigation into the death of black joined the FBI declared the case a priority.